15 Years of Crisis, 1919-1939 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 15 Years of Crisis, 1919-1939 Deck (25):
1

fascism

political movement based on nationalism that gives power to a dictator and takes away individual rights

2

Benito Mussolini

fascist leader of Italy

3

Adolf Hitler

fascist leader of Germany

4

Nazism

German brand of fascism

5

Mein Kampf

book by Hitler outlining his beliefs and goals for Germany

6

lebensraum

living space

7

appeasement

giving in to keep the peace

8

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, and Japan

9

Francisco Franco

Spain's fascist dictator

10

isolationism

belief that political ties with other countries should be avoided

11

Third Reich

German empire

12

Munich Conference

meeting of world powers in 1938 that allowed Hitler to take part of Czechoslovakia

13

Albert Einstein

scientist who developed the theory of relativity

14

theory of relativity

idea that as moving objects approach the speed of light, space and time become relative

15

Sigmund Freud

physician who exposed the workings of the unconscious mind

16

existentialism

philosophy that says each person must make a meaning in a world that has no universal meaning

17

Freidrich Nietzsche

German philosopher who dismissed reason, democracy, and progress as empty ideas

18

surrealism

art movement in which a dreamlike world, outside of reality, is portrayed or evoked

19

jazz

lively, loose form of popular music developed in the United States

20

Charles Lindbergh

first person to fly alone across the Atlantic

21

coalition government

temporary alliance of several political parties

22

Weimar Republic

government of Germany after World War I

23

Great Depression

severe economic downturn that followed the collapse of the US stock market in 1929

24

Franklin D. Roosevelt

president of the United States during the Depression and World War II

25

New Deal

Roosevelt's program for creating jobs and improving the American economy