05-07: Coordination Flashcards Preview

05 - Tests and Measurements > 05-07: Coordination > Flashcards

Flashcards in 05-07: Coordination Deck (25):
1

Coordination

- Ability to execute smooth, accurate, controlled movement
- Requires muscles activating at the right timing and sequence as well as with appropriate amount of force

2

Akinesia

Inability to initiate movement

3

Apraxia

Inability to perform purposeful learned movements

4

Athetosis

Involuntary movements combined with instability of posture; peripheral movements occur without central stability (slow, writhing, wormlike)

5

Bradykinesia

Very slow movements

6

Dystonia

Large axial muscle involuntary movements

7

Hemiballism

Involuntary and violent movement of large body parts on one side of body

8

Kinesthestia

Ability to perceive the direction and extent of movement of a body part or joint

9

Perseveration

Repeatedly performing the same segment of a task or repeatedly saying the same thing

10

Synergy

Mass movement patterns that are primitive in nature and coupled with spasticity

11

Asthenia

Generalized lack of strength

12

Diadochokinesia

Rapid alternating movements

13

Ataxia

Inability to perform coordinated movements; drunken sailor appearance

14

Dysdiadochokinesia

Inability to perform rapid alternating movements

15

Dysmetria

Over-shooting or undershooting (can judge distance, but cannot place at distance); may reach for a pen and miss, for example

16

Proprioception

Ability to perceive the static posture or position of a joint or body part

17

Swaying

Back and forth movement in standing

18

Nystagmus

Rhythmic, quick, oscillatory, back and forth movement of eyes

19

Abarognosis

Inability to differentiate from weight of objects

20

Intention tremors

Tremor is present when performing a movement (absent at rest)

21

Resting Tremor

Tremor is present when performing at rest (diminished or absent with movement)

22

Postural tremor

Tremor of trunk

23

Essential tremor

Genetic tremor; no reason to have it, just do

24

Arbitrary Coordination Scale

4 = normal performance is demonstrated
3 = min impairment: Able to accomplish activity; slightly less than normal control, speed and steadiness
2 = mod impairment: Able to accomplish activity; movements slow, awkward and unsteady
1 = severe impairment: Able onlu to initiate activity without completion; movements slow with significant unsteadiness, oscillations and extraneous movements
0 = activity impossible

25

Functional Tests (16)

- Finger to nose
- Finger to PTA's finger
- Finger to finger
- Alternate nose to finger
- Finger opposition
- Mass grasp
- Pronation/Supination (reversal mvmt/speed)
- Rebound test
- Tapping (hand)
- Tapping (foot)
- Pointing and past pointing
- Alternate heel to knee; heel to toe
- Toe to examiner's finger
- Heel on shin
- Drawing a circle
- Fixation or position holding