10. Absolutism in Eastern Europe, 1600-1725 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10. Absolutism in Eastern Europe, 1600-1725 Deck (18)
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By 1648, which three empires occupied Eastern Europe, the area from French border to Russia?
what similarity between them?

HRE, Republic of Poland, and Ottoman Empire
- they were all declining


Respective families in Austria and Prussia?

Hapsburgs and Hohenzollerns


What political state was Poland in?

there was a king, but severely restricted by nobles.
This lack of centralized power left it vulnerable


How did the Hapsburgs suffer a series of setbacks?
How were their powers revived?

- Devastation of 30 Years' war, extinction of Hapsburg line in Spain.
- Treaty of Utrecht gave them Naples, Sardinia, and Milan in Italy AND Austrian Netherlands


Hapsburg empire embraced a large # of ethnic groups. In what ways were they unified?

Only by Catholic faith and loyalty to the dynasty


What is Pragmatic Sanction and who issued it and why

Charles VI of HRE (reigned 1711-1740) was determined to insure a safe succession for his daughter, Maria Theresa. the Sanction stated that Hapsburg empire territories were indivisible and Maria would inherit all lands.

Charles worked very very hard to achieve this


The two most famous leaders associated with the rise of Prussia from 1640 to 1740

Frederick William, the Great Elector
Frederick William I


What did the two Fredericks--or in general, the Hohenzollerns--of Prussia focus mostly on?

Building a powerful army, prioritizing military values


Who are Junkers

German landowners


What is the period of disorder after the death of Ivan known as?

Time of Troubles


Beginning in 1613, what dynasty ruled Russia as a result of an assembly of nobles hoping to restore order?
Who was elected to be then next tsar?
Until when did this dynasty rule?

Romanov Dynasty
-Michael I of Romanov
-Right before WWI


Who recognized that Russia had fallen behind and thus brought successful changes to Russia?

Peter the Great


What are Peter's 3 successes of his reign

1. Program of modernization
2. Construction of St. Petersburg
3. Victory over Sweden in Great Northern War


How did Peter modernize Russia

Expanded the army and new navy


Major result of his victory over Sweden?

Sweden declined while Russia became dominant power on Baltic Sea


What did Peter's St. Petersburg symbolize?

Peter the Great's new and more powerful Russia


Who were boyars and how did Peter control them?

-Old nobility supporting traditional Russian culture
- Peter told them to shave their beard off and wear western clothing


What one thing continued to be exploited even under Peter's modernization?

Russia's economy continued to rest on the exploitation of serfs