10. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections Flashcards Preview

BDS2 BAMS Immunology > 10. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in 10. Skin and Soft Tissue Infections Deck (38)
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1

Types of skin and soft tissue classifications (2)

Microbe - bacteria, virus, fungi, etc.
Anatomy - superficial, deeper tissue

2

S. aureus structure

Gram-positive coccus

3

S. aureus virulence factor

Panto Valentine Leukocidin toxin (PVL)

4

S. aureus infections (2)

Pyogenic (pus producing - boils, abscesses)
Toxin mediated (toxic shock syndrome, food poisoning)

5

S. pyogenes structure

Gram-positive bacillus
(B-haemolytic group A strep)

6

S. pyogenes virulence factors (2)

Superantigens
Toxic shock syndrome

7

S. pyogenes infections

Angular cheilitis

8

S. anginosis structure

Gram-positive bacillus

9

S. anginosus virulence factor

Intermedilysin (cytotoxin)

10

S, anginosus infections

Acute dento-alveolar abscesses

11

Example of anaerobe

Clostridium

12

Structure of clostridium

Gram-positive spore forming anaerobe

13

Clostridium virulence factor (one of)

A-toxin (lecithinase)

14

Clostridium infection

C. diff colitis

15

Structure of herpes simplex

Enveloped DNA virus

16

Herpes simplex virulence factor

Cell lysis

17

Herpes simplex infection

Gingival stomatitis

18

C. albicans structure

Yeast cell fungus

19

C. albicans virulence factor

Phospholipase

20

C. albicans infection

Erythematous candidosis

21

Layers of tissue, from skin (5)

Epidermis
Dermis
Hair follicle
Subcutaneous tissue
Fascia
Underlying muscle

22

Examples of epidermis infections (2)

Impetigo
Angular cheilitis

23

Causes of epidermis infections (2)

S. aureus
S. pyogenes

24

Example of dermis infections

Erysipelas

25

Causes of dermis infections (2)

S. aureus
S. pyogenes

26

Examples of hair follicle infections (3)

Folliculitis
Boils (furuncles)
Carbuncles (multiple heads)

27

Cause of hair follicle infections

S. aureus

28

Example of subcutaneous fat infections

Cellulitis

29

Causes of subcutaneous fat infections (2)

S. pyogenes
S. aureus

30

Example of fascia infections

Necrotising fasciitis