what are the 3 core concepts of adulthood?
love, work, care
Common principles for adult development?
- stages build upon stages - you can’t jump over one, have to master each before progressing
- stages are of defining yourself and separating from prior group, then re-integrating into a larger group
- non-linear process
- cycles of stability and change
- multiple areas evolving simultaneously
overall trend of adult development?
movement outward from the self, into the world. increasing committment, responsibility and connection
what are factors that can assist or slow the pace of adult development?
Erikson: how many of his 8 stages apply to adult development?
Levinson: what are his stages called?
4 seasons: childhood, early adult, middle adult, late adult
what did Neugarten add to the adult dev theories of Freud, Erickson, and Levinson?
the idea that there is a social clock, that things are expected to occur at a certain time and if they don’t, they can throw things off
What did Levinson emphasize in terms of adult dev?
dreams (imagined self v reality)
Relationships as the main structure in life
what two theorists describe the internal self (inner evolution of mind/psyche/soul)
What are Jung’s two main ideas?
- collective unconscious (inherited framework, universal to all)
- Archetypes (characters commonly seen in stories around the world)
Campbell: big idea?
Universal Monomyth, Hero’s Journey
what are the 3 stages we are primarily concerned with in adult development?
- intimacy v isolation
- career consolidation v self-absorption
- generativity v stagnation
age 20-30: developmental tasks? methods? outcomes?
Intimacy v Isolation
Tasks: emotional intimacy, sustained relationship, commitment while sustaining autonomy
Methods: trial/error (learning through relationships), parents as role models and often safety net.
Outcomes: committed love v self-absorption
age 30-40: developmental tasks? methods? outcomes?
Tasks: Commitment to work, Job –> Career
Methods: formation of a dream, finding a mentor, gender differences show here
Outcomes: successful career/childrearing v failure and insecurity
age 40-60: developmental tasks? methods? outcomes?
Generativity v Stagnation
Tasks: accept death, become a mentor, offer support to community, become more flexible in thinking
Methods: identify values, rebuild and rework, find roles for mentoring. may have mid-life crisis
Outcomes: Success v Failure (depression, mid-life crisis)