35. Psychological Assessment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 35. Psychological Assessment Deck (36)
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1

what are the 4 common elements of human experience?

cognition, affect/emotion, motivation, behaviors

2

descriptive (DSM) vs dynamic diagnosis?

Descriptive Classification incudes symptoms, epidemiology, is standardized
dynamic assessment includes beliefs, sense of self, functional ability, pattern of coping

3

the goal of psychological assessment?

reducing vulnerability to illness, reducing risk of exacerbation, aid in treatment planning.

4

what kind of system is the biopsychosocial model?

systems hierarchy, places individual within context of multiple levels of organization. comprehensive, integrative

5

what are some of the factors which modify psychological experiences?

biology, stage of life, critical life events, social context

6

what are Freud's basic assumptions?

-the unconscious exists
-the unconscious may be in conflict with the conscious mind
-the unconscious can influence perception, thought, behavior

7

according to Freud how can we access the unconscious?

-dreams
-slips of the tongue
-free-association

8

define ID

totally unconscious.
biologically based drives and motives

9

define EGO

CEO of the personality. both conscious and unconscious. mediates reality, drives, conscience, makes adaptations, organizes impulses from the id.

10

define SUPEREGO

conscience, socially determined values and behaviors. derived from learning and also identification with social groups/family

11

Id, Ego, Superego: which exist in the unconscious mind?

all three

12

Id, Ego, Superego: which exist in the conscious mind?

Ego, Superego. mostly Ego.

13

what are the 7 functions of the Ego?

-regulation/control of drives, affect, impulse
-interpersonal relationships
-sense of self
-capacity for pleasure
-reality testing
-synthetic integration
-defenses

14

what are defenses?

mostly unconscious mechanisms which come into play when the ego experiences tension, disequilibrium. maintains self-esteem, aims to restore psychic equilibrium

15

Changes an unacceptable wish into one that is socially acceptable: what defense?

sublimation

16

involves some degree of conscious decision to postpone or avoid an emotionally troubling issue

suppression

17

addresses an emotional conflict through constructive attention to the needs of others, as opposed to the needs of self

altriusm

18

direct expression of feelings without discomfort or harm to others

humor

19

emotional energy targets the unacceptable thought or feeling and keeps it out of consciousness while allowing the possibility of some symbolic representation to be expressed.

repression

20

transfers the problematic feeling or impulse from its original context to a substitute that carries less intensity.

displacement

21

strips all the feeling away from the thought.

isolation of affect

22

similar to isolation, above. Involves excessive rational thought, divorced from any affect, as a means of addressing an emotionally uncomfortable issue. Also similar to rationalization which tries to make the intolerable tolerable via a plausible explanation

intellectualization

23

deals with an unacceptable thought or feeling by substituting its opposite.

reaction formation

24

anger expressed indirectly through passivity or inaction.

passive aggression

25

a form of passive aggression that involves hostile feelings towards another redirected toward the self.

turning against the self

26

splitting off a portion of experience (may involve consciousness, memory, identity, perception, or some combination of these) that would ordinarily be integrated with other parts of the conscious self.

dissociation

27

direct expression of a feeling or wish via impulsive behavior that usually results in some harm to self or others.

acting out

28

transfer of emotional conflict or painful feelings to somatic symptoms or complaints. Note that this is not malingering.

hypochondriasis/somatization

29

creation of self-contained fantasies as a means of restoring emotional equilibrium

fantasy

30

attributing one’s own unacceptable thought, feeling, or impulse toward another

projection

31

disavowing thoughts, feelings, or impulses which are intolerable – refusing to recognize reality.

denial

32

inability to tolerate ambivalence (mixed feelings). Involves concrete, usually intense “black and white” thinking and emotions (idealization and devaluation) that can shift back and forth with time, depending on the person’s emotional state.

splitting

33

which are considered to be the more mature defenses?

sublimation, suppression, altruism, humor

34

which are the neurotic defenses?

repression, displacement, isolation of affect, reaction formation

35

which are the immature defenses?

dissociation, actin out, fantasy, projection, hypochon, splitting

36

which are the narcissistic/psychotic defenses?

denial