12. Older Adult Development Flashcards Preview

M2 Psychiatry > 12. Older Adult Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in 12. Older Adult Development Deck (19)
1

at what age is variability in health the biggest?

elderly

2

From people 100+, what is true of disability?

there is a compression of disability; almost 90% are independent at age 92

3

from people 100+, how many are women?

80%

4

from people 100+, are they obese or lean? smokers? handling of stress?

lean, non-smokers, handle stress well

5

from people 100+, what is true of women and children?

women more likely to have children after age 40

6

what are the biggest determinants of health in old age?

health behaviors are 4x, genetic predispositions 3x more influential than health care in determining health status

7

modifiable factors in longevity?

exercise, diet, coping style, social support

8

Results of the Valliant/Harvard study: what are the predictors of well-being at age 70-80?

-non smoker, or <30packs/year
-non drinker
-humor, ability to anticipate
-warm marriage
-not depressed
-good physical health

9

what is true of exercise 'Increasers' compared to people who always exercised?

people who were once sedentary but later increase their exercise can catch up to those who exercised all along in terms of preventing disability

10

what is the effect of social support and spirituality on heart surgery outcomes?

mortality for pts with social support and spirituality is 18% less than for those with neither

11

what is the effect of depression on heart attack outcomes?

depressed over 3.5x more likely to die post MI

12

what was the result from a study that had adults age 65+ do cultural programs or unusual activities?

Better subjective health, fewer doctor visits, less medication use, fewer falls, less loneliness, greater overall functioning.

13

what is meant by Selection as a process of successful aging?

restriction to fewer life domains of functioning

14

what is meant by Optimization as a process of successful aging?

augmentation of reserves, in order to maximize functioning

15

what is meant by Compensation as a process of successful aging?

using psychological and technological aids

16

Theme: what are the extrinsic influences that are impt to aging?

social engagement, physical activity, mental activity, creativity, spirituality

17

Theme: what is important in terms of loss and stress?

adapt to loss, manage stress

18

Theme: what are things to be avoided in order to age successfully?

avoid depression, isolation, alcohol, tobacco

19

what are attitudes to have in order to age successfully?

wisdom, enjoyment, humor, acceptance