Flashcards in 11a. Neoplasia Deck (27):
What's the defect in xeroderma pigmentosum?
Skin cancer - upper lip?
Skin cancer - lower lip?
What is the only bacteria associated with cancer?
What are the 2 cancers associated with H pylori?
Adenocarcinoma and low grade (MALT) lymphoma
What's the most important prognostic factor in the TNM staging system?
M - metastasis (TNM goes in order of importance)
What platelet abnormality do most cancer patients have?
What is the most common cause of fever in cancer patient?
Gram-negative bacteria (usually nosocomial)
Most common paraneoplastic syndrome?
What are 2 mechanisms of hypercalcemia in malignancy?
1. Metastasis to bone
2. PTH-related peptide (this one is paraneoplastic)
Acanthosis nigricans is typically indicative of what cancer?
Gastric (acanthosis nigricans is associated with other things but consider gastric adenocarcinoma)
Clubbing is associated with what cancer?
Primary lung cancer
Elevated CK and raccoon eyes?
Hyponatremia or Cushing's - cancer?
Small cell cancer in the lung
Hypercalcemia or 2 polycythemia vera - cancer?
Renal cell carcinoma
Hypocalcemia or Cushing's - cancer?
Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid
What 2 tumor markers do you get with testicular cancer?
Alpha fetal protein and hCG
Alpha fetal protein decreased in pregnancy?
Alpha fetal protein increased in pregnancy?
Neural tube defect
What is a tumor marker for colon cancer?
Primary tumor of the brain in kids?
Pilocytic astrocytoma (benign)
Primary cancer of the brain in kids?
Most common cancer in kids?
Most common GYN cancer?
Endometrial > ovarian > cervical
Why is cervical cancer the least common GYN cancer?
What are the rates of mortality for GYN cancers?
Ovarian > cervical > endometrial