Flashcards in 19. Cardiovascular Deck (30):
What does NEG (non-enzymatic glycosylation) do to basement membrane in diabetes?
Makes it permeable to proteins
What is an aneurysm?
Weakening of the vessel wall causing an outpouching
What is analogous to aneurysm in the lung?
Bronchiectasis (weakening --> outpouching)
What is analogous to aneurysm in the GI?
Diverticula (weakening --> outpouching)
Why is the abdominal aorta more common than other locations?
No vasovasorum below the renal arteries
Left flank pain, hypotension, pulsatile mass?
Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm
Most common cause of aneurysm at the arch of the aorta?
What does treponema infect?
Small vessels (e.g. vasovasorum on the aorta; this is also the mechanism of how we get painless chancres)
What murmur do we get with aortic aneurysm?
Aortic regurgitation because it will be stretched by the aneurysm
What is the number one cause of dissection?
Absent pulse in left side suggests?
Proximal aortic dissection
Aortic dissection commonly associated with what genetic disorder?
What's the most common cardiac defect in Marfan's?
Mitral valve prolapse
SVC syndrome typically caused by?
Lung cancer tumor knocking off SVC
Vascular malformation in trigeminal distribution?
When is spiderangioma normal?
What causes spiderangioma?
Men with spiderangioma?
What do you do with capillary hemangioma in kids?
Leave it alone - will go away
What looks like Kaposi sarcoma but is only on AIDS patients?
Bacillary angiomatosis from bartonella henselae - treat with sulfa drugs
Vinyl chloride and arsenic increases risk of what cancer?
Angiosarcoma of liver
Small vessel vasculitis is usually what kind of HSR?
Infarctions is what kind of vasculitis?
Stroke/pulseless is what kind of vasculitis?
Palpable purpura is what kind of vasculitis?
The only indications for ESR to screen?
What's the treatment of choice for Wegener's granulomatosis?
Polyarteritis nodosa affects men or women more?
PAN associated with what virus infection?