19. Cardiovascular Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19. Cardiovascular Deck (30):
1

What does NEG (non-enzymatic glycosylation) do to basement membrane in diabetes?

Makes it permeable to proteins

2

What is an aneurysm?

Weakening of the vessel wall causing an outpouching

3

What is analogous to aneurysm in the lung?

Bronchiectasis (weakening --> outpouching)

4

What is analogous to aneurysm in the GI?

Diverticula (weakening --> outpouching)

5

Why is the abdominal aorta more common than other locations?

No vasovasorum below the renal arteries

6

Left flank pain, hypotension, pulsatile mass?

Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm

7

Most common cause of aneurysm at the arch of the aorta?

Tertiary syphillis

8

What does treponema infect?

Small vessels (e.g. vasovasorum on the aorta; this is also the mechanism of how we get painless chancres)

9

What murmur do we get with aortic aneurysm?

Aortic regurgitation because it will be stretched by the aneurysm

10

What is the number one cause of dissection?

HTN

11

Absent pulse in left side suggests?

Proximal aortic dissection

12

Aortic dissection commonly associated with what genetic disorder?

Marfan

13

What's the most common cardiac defect in Marfan's?

Mitral valve prolapse

14

SVC syndrome typically caused by?

Lung cancer tumor knocking off SVC

15

Vascular malformation in trigeminal distribution?

Sturge-Weber

16

When is spiderangioma normal?

Pregnant women

17

What causes spiderangioma?

Hyperestrinism

18

Men with spiderangioma?

Cirrhosis

19

What do you do with capillary hemangioma in kids?

Leave it alone - will go away

20

What looks like Kaposi sarcoma but is only on AIDS patients?

Bacillary angiomatosis from bartonella henselae - treat with sulfa drugs

21

Vinyl chloride and arsenic increases risk of what cancer?

Angiosarcoma of liver

22

Small vessel vasculitis is usually what kind of HSR?

Type III

23

Infarctions is what kind of vasculitis?

Muscular arteries

24

Stroke/pulseless is what kind of vasculitis?

Elastic arteries

25

Palpable purpura is what kind of vasculitis?

Small vessel

26

The only indications for ESR to screen?

Temporal arteritis

27

What's the treatment of choice for Wegener's granulomatosis?

Cyclophosphamide

28

Polyarteritis nodosa affects men or women more?

Men

29

PAN associated with what virus infection?

HBV

30

What antibody is specific for CREST?

Anti-centromere