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1

What are some ways to determine how toxic something is or can be?

  • What material is it?
  • Dose
  • Formulation
  • What is the fate of the product in the environment
    • what else will it affect?

2

define Biorational:

Overall least harmful effects

3

What is a Botanical?

  • Toxic alkaloids from plants
  • Plant based oils

4

What is Pyrethrum?

What clas is it in?

  • Pyrethrum is a contact insecticide thats made from the flowers of Chrysanthemum's that are useless for turf applications. Is usually mixed with Rotenone. 
  • It is a Botanical

5

What is Rotenone?

What class is it in?

  • It's an insecticide that is derived from the roots of tropical legumes and is used on leaf feeding beetles and caterpillars.  
  • EC formulation is very toxic
  • Dust has Low toxicity
  • BOTANICAL CLASS

6

What is Azadiractin?

What class is it in?

  • It is an insecticide that is from seed of the Neem tree.
  • It's used as a repellant and growth regulator when ingested.
  • Neem Oil
  • Low mamalian toxicity 
  • BOTANICALS

7

what are inorganics?

  • Soaps and Oils
  • Metals and other compounds

8

what is Insecticidal soap?

What class is it in?

  • Soap made from plant oils that smother and dessicate soft bodied insects
  • INORGANICS CLASS

9

What are Horticulture Oils?

What class are they in?

  • Contact Insecticide made from highly refined petroleum, plant and fish based oils
  • Disrupts exoskeleton and sufficates insects
  • Used on Ornamentals
  • WIll Burn Turfgrass!!
    • Except Civitas - It can be used on turf
  • INORGANIC CLASS

10

What are Copper and Sulfur?

What Class are they in?

  • Pesticide used on insects and plants that has a wide range of toxicity depending on the amount of copper in the product. Used on Ornamentals.
  • Multi-site toxin with low resistance
  • INORGANIC CLASS