Flashcards in 200 series p176- Deck (104):
what are the command procedures
Able the responsibility for Command on a certain individual through a standard identification system, depending on the arrival sequence of members, companies, and Command officers. •
Ensure that a strong, direct, and visible Command will be established from the onset of the incident. •
Establish an effective incident organization defining the activities and responsibilities assigned to the Incident Commander and the other individuals operating within the Incident Command System. •
Provide a system to process information to support incident management, planning, and decision making. •
Provide a system for the orderly transfer of Command to subsequent arriving officers
The Tactical Objectives listed in order of priority are
A. Remove endangered occupants and treat the injured.
B. Stabilize the incident and provide for life safety.
C. Conserve property.
D. Provide for the safety, accountability, and welfare of personnel. This priority is ongoing throughout the incident
what are the functions of command
Assume, confirm, position command. (Goal) Quickly establish and confirm a single IC and place that individual in the most effective initial – command position.
• Situation evaluation “size up”.
• Initiate, maintain, and control the communications process. • Deployment management. (Goal)To provide and manage a steady, adequate, timely stream of appropriate resources.
• Identify strategy / Develop an incident Action plan. (Goal) Use a systematic method to make basic strategy decisions, and to develop and initiate a tactical incident action plan.
• Incident organization. (Goal) Develop an effective incident organization using the sector system to decentralize and delegate Geographic and functional responsibility.
* Review, evaluation, and revision (as needed). (Goal) Confirm that the current incident action plan is meeting the tactical requirements of the incident and adequately provides for the safety of the workers. •
Continuing, transferring, and terminating Command. (Goal) Provide the required duration of command necessary to complete the tactical priorities, to standardize how command is transferred and upgraded
on scene report should include what information
1. Unit designation of the unit arriving on the scene.
2. A brief description of the incident situation, (i.e. building size, occupancy, Hazmat release, multi-vehicle accident, etc.)
3. Obvious conditions (working fire, Hazmat spill, multiple patients, etc.).
4. Brief description of action taken.
5. Declaration of Strategy (for structural fires this would be declaring an offensive or defensive mode).
6. Any obvious safety concerns.
7. Assumption and identification of Command.
8. Assume & Announce accountability location
What is assigned along with the designation of command
The radio designation "COMMAND" will be used along with the geographical location of the incident (i.e. "Lehi Command", "Center St. Command"). This designation will not change throughout the duration of the incident
Nothing Showing - Investigative Mode
These situations where no problem is visible, generally require investigation by the initial arriving company while other units remain in level one staging. Usually the officer should go with the company to investigate while utilizing a “portable” radio to continue the command function. (Mobile Command
Fast- Action - Mode
Situations that require immediate action to stabilize; and requires the Company Officer's assistance and direct involvement in the attack. In these situations the Company Officer goes with the crew to provide the appropriate level of supervision (Mobile Command). Examples of these situations include: • Offensive fire attacks (especially in marginal situations). • Critical life safety situations (i.e. rescue) must be achieved in a compressed timeAny incident where the safety and welfare of fire fighters is a major concern. • Obvious working incidents that require further investigation by the Company Officer
The Fast-attack-mobile Command mode should not last more than a few minutes and will end with one of the following
Situation is stabilized. (i.e. incident problem is solved) by fast offensive action.
Command is transferred from the fast-action company officer IC to a latterarriving company/command officer.
For whatever reason the situation is not stabilized; the fast-action company officer IC moves to exterior (Stationary) command position and is now in the command mode
If the IC assumes a Command mode, the following options are available with regards to the assignment of the remaining crew members
The officer may "move up" within the Company and place the Company into action with two or three members. One of the crew members will serve as the acting Company Officer and must be provided with a portable radio. The collective and individual capabilities and experience of the crew will regulate this action.
The officer may assign the crew members to work under the supervision of another Company Officer. In such cases, the Officer assuming Command must communicate with the Officer of the other Company and indicate the assignment of those personnel
The officer may elect to assign the crew members to perform staff functions to assist Command, such as information reconnaissance, filling out the tactical worksheet, etc
Why is command transferred?
Command is transferred to improve the quality of the Command organization
What are the guidelines for the transfer of Command
The first fire department member arriving on the scene will automatically assume Command. This will normally be a Company Officer, but could be any fire department member up to and including the Fire Chief.
The first arriving Company Officer will assume Command after the Transfer of Command procedures have been completed (assuming an equal or higher ranking officer has not already assumed Command).
The first arriving Command Officer should assume Command of the incident following Transfer of Command procedures.
The second arriving Command Officer should report to the Command Post, to assume the Support Officer position.
The first arriving Senior Staff or On-Duty Chief should report to the Command Post and assume the roll of Senior Advisor (overall Incident Commander).
Assumption of Command is discretionary for Assistant Chiefs and the Fire Chief
If an officer does not arrive on scene should command be transferred to an officer who is not on scene
COMMAND SHALL NOT BE TRANSFERRED TO AN OFFICER WHO IS NOT ON THE SCENE. It is preferable to have the initial arriving Company Officer continue to operate in the Fast-Attack mode until Command can be transferred to an arriving on-scene unit.
How is command transferred?
The Officer assuming Command will communicate with the person being relieved by radio or face-to-face. Face-to-face is the preferred method to transfer Command
The person being relieved of will brief the Officer assuming Command indicating at least the following
1. General situation status: a. Incident conditions (fire location and extent, Hazmat spill or release, number of patients, etc.) b. Incident Management Plan. c. Completion of the Tactical Objectives. d. Safety considerations.
2. Deployment and assignments of operating companies and personnel.
3. Appraisals of need for additional resources
Roles and Responsibilities of the Support Officer
Define, evaluate, and recommend changes to the plan. •
Provide direction relating to tactical priorities, specific critical fireground factors, and safety. •
Evaluate the need for additional resources. •
Assign logistics responsibilities. •
Assist with the tactical worksheet for control and accountability
Evaluate the fire ground organization and span of control.
• Other duties as necessary
What are the Roles and Responsibilities of the Senior Advisor
Review and evaluate the plan, and initiate any needed changes. • Provide on-going review of the overall incident (THE BIG PICTURE).
• Review the organizational structure, initiate change or expansion to meet incident needs.
• Initiate Section and Branch functions as required. • Provide a liaison with other city agencies and officials, outside agencies, property owners and/or tenants.
• Other duties as necessary
The basic configuration of Command includes three levels what are they
Strategic Level - Overall direction of the incident. Tactical Level - Objectives assigned to Sectors. Task Level - Task objectives assigned to Companies
The Strategic Level of commands responsibilities include
OFFENSIVE OR DEFENSIVE
• Determining the appropriate strategy:
• Establishing a strategic plan for the incident.
• Setting priorities.
• Obtaining and allocating resources.
• Predicting outcomes and planning.
• Assigning specific objectives to tactical level units
The Tactical Level of command
directs activities toward specific objectives. Tactical Level Officers include Sector Officers, who are in charge of grouped resources. Tactical Level Officers (Sector Officers) are responsible for specific geographic areas or functions, and supervising personnel assigned to the sector. A sector assignment comes with the authority to make decisions and assignments, within the boundaries of the overall plan and safety conditions. The accumulated achievements of Tactical Objectives should accomplish the Strategic Level goals
The Task Level of command structure
The Task Level refers to those activities normally accomplished by individual companies or specific personnel. The task level is where the work is actually done. Task level activities are routinely supervised by Company Officers. The accumulated achievements of Task Level activities should accomplish Tactical Objectives
How should communications within a sector be conducted
Most routine communications within a sector should be conducted in a face-to-face manner between Company Officers and their Sector Officer. This process reduces unnecessary radio traffic and increases ability to transmit critical radio communications
When establishing a sector, the Incident Commander will assign each Sector Officer what three things
A. Tactical Objectives.
B. A radio designation (Roof Sector, East Sector, etc.)
C. The identity of resources assigned to the sector
How many units should be assigned to a sector?
In most cases five (5) Companies represents the maximum span of control for a Sector Officer
What are sector officers responsibilities
A. Complete objectives assigned by Command
B. Account for all assigned personnel.
C. Ensure that operations are conducted safely.
D. Monitor work progress.
E. Redirect activities as necessary.
F. Coordinate actions with related activities, and adjacent sectors. G. Monitor welfare of sector personnel.
H. Request additional resources as needed.
I. Provide Command with essential and frequent progress reports. J. Re-allocate resources within the sector
What must be communicated directly to command
Command must be advised immediately of significant changes, particularly those involving the ability or inability to complete an objective, hazardous conditions, accidents, structural collapse, etc
When should branch officers be used
Branch Officers should be utilized at incidents where the span of control with sectors is maximized
What is the intent of the branch level of command
The intent of the Branch Level of the Command structure is to split an incident into manageable components and reduce the span of control
where should Branch Officers should be utilized
A Haz mat incident that requires a major evacuation. •
A large scale incident spread over a wide geographic area
An incident with mass casualties and a significant hazard (for example: fire, Haz mat, plane crash, floods, etc.)
• Campaign high-rise fires
• Any incident where the number of sectors exceed the span of control that can be effectively managed by the incident commander
What do section officers do
Section Officers assist the Incident Command Staff with the overall management of the incident scene and operate at the Strategic Level.
Department's involvement and needs at the incident scene can be divided into four sections. They are
The Logistics Section
is the support mechanism for the organization. Logistics provides services and support systems to all the organizational components involved in the incident. The Logistics Section is also responsible for the accountability of all the personnel working in the hazard zone of the incident. Command may assign the Logistics Section its own radio channel. The Logistic Section Officer may establish sectors or branches for his/her section as needed
Roles and Responsibilities of logistics
• Manage personnel accountability within the hazard zone.
• Manage staging
• Provide and manage any needed supplies or equipment.
• Forecast and obtain future resource needs (coordinate with the Planning Section). • Provide any needed communications equipment.
• Provide fuel and needed repairs for equipment.
• Obtain specialized equipment or expertise per Command.
• Provide food and associated supplies. • Secure any needed fixed or portable facilities. • Coordinate immediate Critical Incident Stress Debriefing.
• Provide any other logistical needs as requested by Command.
• Supervise assigned personnel
What is the planning section responsible for
The Planning Section is responsible for gathering, assimilating, analyzing, and processing information needed for effective decision making. The Planning Section Chief's goal is to plan ahead of current events and to identify the need for resources before they are needed
Roles and responsibilities of planning
Evaluate current strategy and plan with the Incident Commander. • Refine and recommend any needed changes to plan. • Evaluate Incident Organization and span of control. • Forecast possible outcome(s). • Evaluate future resource requirements. • Utilize technical assistance as needed. • Evaluate tactical priorities, specific critical factors, and safety. • Gather, update, improve, and manage information with a standard systematic approach. • Liaison with any needed outside agencies for planning needs
Who can be a sector officer
Sector Officers can be Chief Officers, Company Officers, or any other Fire Department member designated by Command
When operations sector goes into effect, where do communications go through
All communications from sector officers must be direct to the "Operations" Officer
Definition of administration section
The Administration Section evaluates and manages the risk and financial requirements for the Fire Department's involvement in the incident and is responsible for obtaining any and all needed incident documentation for potential cost recovery efforts, or litigation, including criminal charges
Responsibilities of administration section
Procurement of services and/or supplies from sources within and outside the Fire Department or City as requested by Command (coordinates with Logistics).
• Documenting all financial costs of the incident.
• Documenting for possible cost recovery for services and/or supplies.
• Analyzing and managing legal risk for incidents such as a hazardous materials clean up.
• Serves as the Incident Commander's liaison with:
City officials, Litigators (and other lawyer types). Regulatory agencies (EPA, OSHA, DOT, FBI, etc.).
• Monitors and coordinates emergency service delivery to the rest of the community during major incidents to ensure adequate coverage.
• Serves as the E.O.C. representative in the Command Post and provides briefings to the E.O.C. staff.
• Manage investigations (arson, etc.).
• Manage critique preparations
What is the EOC
Emergency operations center
The EOC is designed to do what?
• Provide a work center for top level city officials to meet during catastrophic events
• Provide an organizational structure for necessary department heads to coordinate overall response to the needs of the citizens of Mesa.
• Fix responsibility of City of Mesa service delivery on one individual during the catastrophic event
• Provide coordination of the event with other local, county, state and federal agencies
What type of incidents require the EOC
Large fires that require multi-jurisdictional response (Conflagration) • Hazmat incidents that threaten the citizens of Mesa or neighboring communities • Mass casualty incidents
• Terrorism or terror related event
• Floods, tornados, microburst or other weather related catastrophes
• Power failures causing black outs, rolling black outs or power disruption for extended periods of time.
• Any event the on scene incident commander, from police or fire, determines the need to establish an EOC
Anytime a neighboring community, county or state request the city open it’s EOC to support their operations
Who opens the EOC
The EOC is opened by the City of Mesa on duty Emergency Manager
Who staffs the EOC
Department heads and/or designated representatives
• City Manager and staff
• EOC support team
What are the two types of outages the power company responds to
LOCAL OUTAGES Such as wires or poles down, pole fires or transformer problems, which usually affect a local area.
• FEEDER OUTAGES Such as damage or problems at one of their electrical substations or major distribution lines. Feeder outages will normally cause a larger area to be without power
How many customers are effected by a local outage
when a transformer goes out in an area served by SRP, will usually cut service to approximately 10 residences area served by APS, one transformer outage could affect approximately 35 residences or in some location could affect as many as 800 homes
How many customers are effected by a feeder outage
a major line or circuit outage in a SRP area would cut services to approximately 200 customers (residences/commercial). Whereas, the same outage in an APS area could affect 2,000 (two thousand) of their customers
When can the emergency outage plan be implemented
The Emergency Power Outage Plan can be implemented when the heat stress factor (temperature and humidity) exceeds 105 or extremely cold temperatures below 34 degrees
Who can implement the Emergency Power Outage Plan
Any senior staff or Command officer
Definition of the hot zone
The hot zone will be defined as any area that requires an SCBA, a charged hose line and protective clothing or in which a firefighter is at risk of becoming lost, trapped, or injured by the environment or structure. This would include entering a structure reported to be on fire, operating in close proximity to the structure during exterior operations, confined space or trench rescue, etc
what makes up the passport system
The PASSPORT system equipment involves a 2" x 4" plastic card with the company's ID etched on it. The PASSPORT should contain the names of all personnel presently assigned to that company
what is the status board and where is ti kept
All engines, ladders, and specialized equipment will be equipped with an 8"x11" status board. This will be used to affix PASSPORTS on and will always be located on the inside door of the Engineer's/driver's position. The status board will be attached with velcro to permit easy removal
A personnel accountability report will be required for the following situations
Any report of a missing or trapped firefighter (Command initiates a PAR of all crews on the scene).
• Any change from offensive to defensive (Command initiates a PAR of all crews on the scene).
• Any sudden hazardous event at the incident - flash over, backdraft, collapse, May Day, etc. (a PAR is initiated by Command).
• By all crew(s) reporting an "all clear" (Company Officers of crews responsible for search and rescue will ensure they have a PAR for their crews at the time they report an all clear).
• At every 30 minutes of elapsed time.
• At a report of fire under control.
• Any time Command feels it is necessary
who can be acoountability sector officer
Accountability Officers may be Engineers, Sector Officers, or personnel specifically assigned to sectors to serve as Accountability Officers for the Sector Officer
where will accountabiity location be
The first engine to each geographic side of the incident or point of entry will serve as the initial accountability location
who is the initial accountability officer
The engineer will serve as the initial Accountability Officer
what are The Accountability Sector Officer's responsibilities
1. Develop and implement a plan designed to track and account for all personnel working in the hot zone.
2. Ensure that Accountability Officers are implemented in each sector as necessary.
3. Request and manage sector resources as needed.
4. Provide progress reports to Command.
5. Initiate PAR's upon benchmarks or as needed
rules of thumb for passports
PASSPORTS never enter the hot zone.
• PASSPORTS must be maintained at the point of entry to the hot zone.
• PASSPORTS must reflect only those personnel presently in the hot zone.
• Crews must turn in their PASSPORTS upon entering and must retrieve their PASSPORTS upon exit from the hot zone
When should the passport system be implemented
Implementation of the PASSPORT system will occur at any incident that requires the use of SCBA
How is accountability handled on single company incidents
For single company incidents, the PASSPORT remains on the apparatus dash. The Engineer will assume accountability sector responsibilities
Who is initial accountability officer
The first engine to each geographic side of the incident becomes the initial accountability location for all later arriving companies to that side of the incident
When are accountability responsibilities transferred
The Engineer becomes the initial Accountability Officer until PASSPORTS are collected later in the incident by the Sector or Accountability Officer who assumes accountability responsibilities
What is to be done with passports if a crew is moved to a different sector or location
Where physical distance/barriers prevent easy retrieval of the PASSPORT, and where the crew is being re-assigned to another sector, a "make-up" PASSPORT must be assembled. Crew members will provide the new Sector Officer another name tag. Where another "make-up" PASSPORT is not available, the individual name tags will be placed on the accountability status board. The original Sector Officer and/or Accountability Officer must be made aware of the change
How is accountability handled in a high rise fire
Once a lobby sector is established all crews reporting to the building will deliver their PASSPORTS to the lobby sector
Once the Resource Sector is established, the Resource Sector Officer will collect the PASSPORTS of all crews assigned to fire combat positions. The Resource Sector will assign Accountability Officers at each point of entry to stairwells, etc.
• PASSPORTS for crews assigned to the lobby sector or any support sectors within the building (non-hot zone crews) will be maintained by the Sector Officers
What actions are to be taken when there is a missing firefighter
An absent member of any crew will automatically be assumed lost or trapped in the hot zone until otherwise determined safe. Company Officers must immediately declare a May Day. Following a May Day, Command must request the next greater assignment or alarm with a medical component (i.e., 2-1 goes to a first alarm medical or a second alarm goes to a third alarm medical). Command must next initiate an immediate roll call (PAR) of all companies assigned to duty in the hot zone. Command must also send the Rapid Intervention Crew (RIC) to the last reported working area of the lost firefighter to begin a search; designation. Simultaneously with these actions, Command must adjust on-scene strategies to a priority search and rescue effort
What type of incidents require a Rick crew
This procedure shall be implemented at all "working" interior structural fires beyond the incipient stage and other incidents where fire department members are subject to hazards that would be immediately dangerous to life and/or health in the event of an equipment failure, sudden change of conditions, or mishap. Examples of special hazards include, but are not limited to: • Offensive fire Operations (assumed to be IDLH)
• Hazardous Materials Incidents (IDLH, potential IDLH, or unknown atmosphere)
• Trench Rescue
• Confined Space Rescue (assumed to be IDLH)
• Any other incident having significant risk
what are the duties of the initial two person i ric team
One IRIC member must be solely dedicated to tracking interior personnel. His/her function is to account for and initiate a fire fighter rescue. Radio, PPE & SCBA required.
The other member of the two person IRIC is permitted to take on other roles, such as incident commander, safety officer, or equipment operator. Radio required, PPE, and SCBA should be donned as soon as possible
when is it ok not to initiate Iric
When there is a life hazard where immediate action could prevent the loss of life. When the fire is in an incipient stage that could be controlled by a portable fire extinguisher
what are the possible assignments for a full ric crew
1. Assign the company to RIC duties and be designated “Rescue sector”
2. Cancel the company en-route after the declaration of fire under control AND PAR's have been obtained form all crews.
3. Assign other duties, such as heat relief for working crews, overhaul duties, customer service, etc.
4. If assigned anything other than RIC duties Command must request an additional company as a RIC unit to be available for emergencies affecting fire fighters
What is the protocol if a sector officer were to become incapacitated.
If RIC units are needed to respond to a sudden emergency, in which the Sector Officer is incapacitated (physically or emotionally), the RIC Company Officer will assume sector responsibilities for the area in which the emergency exists. Rescue Sector should coordinate their activities with the involved sector to maximize the rescue operation.
Where do ric crews stage in high rise fires
For high-rise fires, RICs will be assigned to standby positions in the Resource Sector location, or other appropriate location(s). A secondary standby location may be in the Lobby Sector location
What is in the ric bag
• 4 Packstraps
• 4 Door straps
• 4 Sprinkler Wedges
• 4 Life lines with deployment bags
1 Bolt cutter (small 12")
• 2 Channel Lock (multiple-adjustable pliers 12")
• 2 Phillips head screwdrivers (6")
• 4 Folding knifes
• 2 Wire cutters (snub nose pliers with side cutter 7-10")
• 2 Straight blade screwdrivers (6")
• 1 SCBA mask
• 1 SCBA bottle and supply pigtail
The term "May-Day" typically will be used in which situations
By the member who is lost, trapped, or in trouble.
• By the company officer, sector officer, or other member who cannot account for an assigned firefighter who is operating in the hazard zone.
• The "May-Day" would generally occur following a PAR report that fails to locate/account for the suspected lost member
*By a member who witnesses or has confirmed that a firefighter is lost or in trouble
COMMANDs RESPONSE TO A MISSING FIREFIGHTER,The first five that must be accomplished very rapidly.
CHANGE THE PLAN TO A HIGH PRIORITY RESCUE EFFORT
IMMEDIATELY REQUEST ADDITIONAL ALARMS
COMMIT THE RAPID INTERVENTION CREW
When searching for a lost member, rescue crews should do what
Open or unlock all doors
• Search the immediate area of doorway first
• Search hallways before interior rooms
• Search exterior walls (interior sides) before searching interior open spaces
• Search large interior spaces in a detailed grid pattern
• Ensure all areas are searched
• ake one RIC-SCBA Rescue Kit for each lost firefighter in the search area
• Use life lines when searching "off hoselines" to ensure safety of rescuers
What needs to be done when a mayday is called
Emergency Traffic Change the plan to high priority rescue effort Request additional alarms Conduct a PAR--withdraw crews if needed Assign RIC--assign Rescue Sector Don't abandon firefighting positions Provide reinforcement to firefighting efforts Assign Chief officer to Rescue Sector Assign Safety Sector Expand Command organization Special call Chief officers Establish Treatment and Transportation Sectors Open/unlock all doors Ventilate, maintain tenability Provide lighting Coordinate & control search and rescue efforts Assess need for technical rescue teams Monitor structural stability of buildingControl Media—Designate PIO Welfare Sector/Branch Dispatch to monitor all radio frequencies
When is a safety sector used
It will be standard practice for the Mesa Fire Department to implement a "Safety Sector" at any multiple alarm incident, working fire, special operations rescue, trench rescue, confined space rescue, and first alarm or greater hazardous materials incidents. In addition, a Safety Sector should be implemented at any incident of special hazard presenting an unusual risk to firefighters, customers, or the general public
Who does safety sector report to, and what does he have the authority to do
THE SAFETY SECTOR REPORTS DIRECTLY TO COMMAND AND HAS FULL AUTHORITY TO TERMINATE, SUSPEND OR ALTER ANY UNSAFE CONDITION OR ACTION
The Safety Sector intervention at scene operations involves which three approaches
First is for life threatening situations,
the second is for non-life threatening situations,
and the third approach occurs in the on-going incident planning process
What are Safety Sector Responsibilities
1. Insuring that all crews and personnel are operating safely and consistently within existing safety standards.
2. Reviewing and insuring that Command has an effective safety plan as part of the incident's strategic plan.
3. Cause the termination, suspension, or alteration of any unsafe operations or actions. Operate as the safety eyes and ears of Command.
4. Observe all areas (reconnaissance) of the incident and identify any structural or hazardous conditions that could create a risk to firefighters or other personnel working at the incident and initiate corrective action.
5. Insure that all personnel are wearing proper protective clothing and equipment.
6. When assigned this function by Command, coordinate the use of Fire Protection Engineers, Building Department Officials, and other technical specialists, in the continual evaluation of incident risk and provide corrective measures as needed. These functions many times occur within the Planning Section.
7. Monitor the health and welfare of all personnel and insure that they are not overextended, and are rehabilitated in an effective manner. Rehab Sector should be a component of the safety plan
8. Provide Command frequent progress reports on safety related issues.
9. Maintain a liaison with Command and/or the Planning Section Chief to update and revise the on-going incident safety plan.
10. Request additional resources through Command to support Safety Sector responsibilities
What are the responsibilities of resource sector.
continuing evaluation of support needs. • Providing and resupply of all expendable supplies, such as air, oxygen, medical supplies, AFFF, Gatorade, food, etc. • Providing and coordinating field refueling of apparatus ,equipment and manpower for delivery of fire hose and other equipment to the scene and/or back to stations ,Coordinating exchange of portable radios and communications equipment requiring servicing
What is the purpose of lobby sector
A Lobby Sector is used to control access to a building or area during fires, hazardous materials incidents, rescue operations or any other situation where it is necessary to control and maintain accountability for the entry and exit of personnel
Where should personnel enter and exit the work area
The Lobby Sector is the only location where personnel shall enter or exit from the controlled area, in order to maintain full accountability
Who sets up lobby sector and how many members are required?
When beginning operations at high rise fires at least one firefighter from the initial arriving companies should be left to establish a Lobby Sector
What incidents require a lobby sector
Lobby Sector should be established by Command at high-rise fires and other situations where control of access is necessary
How do civilians enter building areas during high rise fires
Civilian personnel entering the building area shall be accompanied by a firefighter with a portable radio
plan for evacuation should address the following 12 factors
•A Command structure
• Determine the need for evacuation versus in-place sheltering •Early notification of the Police Department
• Identification of an area to be evacuated, perimeters, etc. • Required resources
• Evacuation time frame.
• Identification of shelter sites and preparation of these sites. • Duration of the evacuation
• Re-entry of those evacuated
• Information about hazard and evacuation presented to evacuees (multilingual)
• Follow-up with evacuees upon re-entry
• Security of the area evacuated
In-place sheltering can be considered during the following circumstances
The hazardous material has been identified as having a low or moderate level of health risk.
• The material has been released from its container and is now dissipating.
• Leaks can be controlled rapidly and before evacuation can be completed.
• Exposure to the product is expected to be short-term and of low health risk.
• The public can be adequately protected by staying indoors
What are the three levels of evacuation
Intermediate level evacuation
What to expect with a Site evacuation
Site evacuation involves a small number of citizens. This typically includes workers at the site and people from adjacent occupancies or areas. The citizens are easily evacuated and collected upwind at the perimeter area. Evacuation holding times are typically short, generally less than an hour or two, and citizens are permitted to return to their businesses or homes
What to expect with an intermediate evacuation
This level affects off-site homes and businesses and normally affects fewer than 100 people. People may remain out of the area for two to four hours or more. Evacuation completion times will be somewhat longer than a site evacuation, but generally rapid. Some evacuees will leave the area on their own or be sent home by employers. Site perimeters become larger and perimeter security requires more resources. Close coordination with the Police Department and other agencies will be required
What to expect with a long term evacuation
A large or concentrated release of a hazardous substance may cause a large scale evacuation. Thousands of citizens could be evacuated. Rapid initiation of the evacuation process may be required. Evacuees may be out of their homes and businesses for many hours if not days. Evacuation completion time frames will be extended. Evacuation shelters will need to be located, opened and managed. Documentation and tracking of evacuees becomes more important as well as more difficult. Very close coordination with the police and other agencies will be required. Site and evacuation perimeters become extended and require more resources. Security of the evacuated area is always a concern. The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) will be activated to support the evacuation and site operations
How long does Red Cross need to respond to scenes
The Red Cross will need up to three hours to get adequate personnel, equipment and supplies to the shelter sites
When making door-to-door evacuations: • Be in uniform. • Wear appropriate PPE. Face-to-face notification should include the following instructions
There is an emergency.
• You are in danger.
• Leave immediately.
• Go to shelter (location).
• Take (_______) route out of area.
• Do you need transportation?
• Consider multi-lingual needs.
• Evacuees should be advised to take the following items:
• Wallet/purse • House and car keys • Money • Eyeglasses. • Medications
• Proper/warm clothing
L• Family pet
In situations, where immediate and rapid evacuation makes door-to-door notification impossible, use the following notification method
Use three (3) five-second blasts of the siren while on the "YELP" setting Follow with the standard evacuation instruction over PA system (see instructions above).
• Use maximum volume on PA system.
• Proceed slowly to maximize notification.
• Initiate notification at the beginning of each block and each 50 yards after that
Who makes the decision to return evacuees to their home.
The decision to return evacuees to their homes will be the sole responsibility of the fire department Incident Commander. If the EOC is operating, the decision to return evacuees will be made by the EOC staff. No other City agency will be authorized to order the return
The Police Liaison Sector is responsible for what tasks
• Crowd control - establishment of fire line perimeters
• Media access
• Evacuation - hazardous materials, etc
• Crime scenes - (bombings, etc.)
• Persons interfering with Fire Department operations
What does mesa have for fighting brush fires with a helicopter
Mesa has a Bambi bucket and one buoy wall tank
What is the capacity of the Bambi bucket
The Bambi Buckets can hold from 67 to 96 gallons of water, depending on air temperature and humidity and may be filled from a canal, buoy wall tank, or any other body of water that is available
What is the capacity of the buoy wall tank
The buoy wall tanks will hold either 3,000 or 4,000 gallons of water
Size up is what
Size up is a systematic process consisting of the rapid, yet deliberate, consideration of all critical incident factors.
How do you fill the buoy wall tank?
Place one or two salvage covers on the ground to protect the bottom of the tank. Buoy wall tanks fill from the bottom only. Start filling the tank slowly after approximately one foot of water is in the tank the flow rate can be increased. Foam concentrate can be added to the tank when it is about one foot from the top
How far do apparatus need to be from the buoy tank
Apparatus need to be 150 from the side of the flight path of the helicopters dipping in the tank
How much water can be dropped from a helicopter
These helicopters can drop approximately 120 gallons of water on each pass over the fire. The drop can be directed on one spot or along a running pass