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Flashcards in 2013 anatomy midterm Deck (27)
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1

What plane divides the body into anterior and posterior parts?
A- Transverse plane
B- Coronal
C- Sagittal

B- Coronal

2

Which plane parallel sagittal plane?
A- oblique
B- frontal
C- horizontal
D- midclavicular

D- midclavicular

3

What is a characteristic of monozygotic twins that result from splitting of inner cell mass?
A- separate amniotic cavities
B- separate chorionic cavities
C- separate placenta
D- same yolk sac

A- separate amniotic cavities

4

High Maternal age is a risk factor for what birth defect?
A- Trisomy 13
B- Trisomy 18
C- Trisomy 21

C- Trisomy 21

5

When is the fetal period?
A- fertilization to 4th week
B- 5th week to 8th week
C- 8th week to 36th week

C- 8th week to 36th week

6

At which stage is the ovulated oocyte arrested?
a. Prophase i of meiosis i
b. Prophase ii of meiosis ii
c. Metaphase ii of meiosis ii

c. Metaphase ii of meiosis ii

7

Which type of epithelium cells is more likely to have microvilli?
A. Pseudo-stratified
b. Transitional epithelium
c. Stratified cuboidal
d. Simple columnar

d. Simple columnar

8

Which epithelium is present in the bronchi?
A- pseudo stratified columnar
B- simple cuboidal
C- simple columnar
D- stratified squamous

A- pseudo stratified columnar

9

What type of secretion is associated with unicellular exocrine gland?
a. saliva
b. mucus
c. serous fluid

b. mucus

(goblet cells)

10

What is the function of belt desmosome?
A. prevent passing of other molecules
B. adherence to neighbor molecules
C. attachment of actin filaments

C. attachment of actin filaments

11

Which cell secretes protein and hyaluronic acid?
A- Fibroblast
B- Mesenchymal cell
C- Adipocyte
D- Mast cell

A- Fibroblast

12

What tissue has few locations in adults?
A- Multilocular adipose
B- Compact bone
C- Hyaline cartilage

A- Multilocular adipose

13

Where is collagen type 2 mainly present?
A- Cartilage
B- Bone
C- Skin
D- Basement membrane

A- Cartilage

14

Which of the following produce histamine and heparin?
A. monocyte
B. basophil
C. neutrophil
D. eosinophil

B. basophil

15

What is the location of the azygous vein?
A. superior mediastinum
B. posterior mediastinum
C. anterior mediastinum
D. middle mediastinum

B. posterior mediastinum

16

In which region the spleen is located?
A. right hypochondrium
B. left hypochondrium
C. right lumbar
D. left lumbar
E. Umbilical

B. left hypochondrium

17

Which abdominal quadrant is associated with an inflamed appendix?
a) right lower quadrant
b) left lower quadrant
c) right upper quadrant
d) left upper quadrant
e) umbilical

a) right lower quadrant

18

What is considered a circumduction movement?
a. a pitcher winding up to through a baseball
b. kicking a football
c. bending the trunk laterally away from the median
d. lifting weights

a. a pitcher winding up to through a baseball

19

What increases eosinophil count in blood?
a. allergic response
b. parasitic invasion
c. viral infection
d. leucopenia
e. anemia

b. parasitic invasion

20

Which type of joint has limited movement?
A- synovial
B- amphiarthroses
C- synarthroses
D- diarthrosis

C- synarthroses

21

Which cells are responsible for nourishing spermatozoa? A) leideg cells
B) myoid cells
C) sertoli cells

C) sertoli cells

22

Post ovulation, which part transforms into an endocrine gland?
A) Graafian follicle
B) Cumulus oophorus
C) Stromal cells
D) Vitelline membrane

C) Stromal cells

(They're left behind in the ovary and will fuse together with granulosa cells to become the Corpus Luteum after ovulation)

23

What does gastrulation mean?
A- Formation of 3 germ layers
B- Notochord formation
C- Primitive streak appearance

A- Formation of 3 germ layers

24

The remnant of which structure forms the sacrococcygeal teratoma?
A- Notochord
B- Primitive streak
C- Mesoderm

B- Primitive streak

25

Which supplement prevents neural tube defects?
A- Folic acid
B- Vitamin b

A- Folic acid

26

What is the association between hCG and normal pregnancy?
A- It peaks in the first trimester
B- It peaks in the third trimester
C- It runs parallel with placenta formation
D- It peaks in the second trimester

A- It peaks in the first trimester

27

Which part of the sperm has the hydrolytic enzymes?
A- Tail
B- Neck
C- Acrosome

C- Acrosome