2016 anatomy midterm Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2016 anatomy midterm Deck (32)
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1

Which structure is more anterior to the thoracic inlet?
a- right subclavian artery
b- SVC
c- vagus nerve
d- thoracic duct

b- SVC

2

What is found in the stroma of lymphoid organs?
a- areolar CT
b- dense regular CT
c- dense irregular CT
d- reticular CT

d- reticular CT

3

Supplement of which agent reduces the incidence of neural tube defects?
a- folic acid
b- valporic acid
c- retinoic acid

a- folic acid

4

What is a mature ovarian follicle called?
a- antral follicle
b- primary follicle
c- graafian follicle

c- graafian follicle

5

Which cell junction forms cell-matrix junctions?
a- gap junctions
b- hemi- desmosome
c- zonula occludens
d- adherens junction

b- hemidesmosome

6

What is the type of epithelium that has keratin?
a- stratified columnar
b- stratified cuboidal
c- stratified squamous

c- stratified squamous

7

From which structure does the fetal component of the placenta develop?
a- Allantois
b- amnion
c- chorion
d- connecting stalk

c- chorion

8

Which type of CT forms the tendon?
a- areolar
b- dense regular
c- dense irregular
d- reticular

b- dense regular

9

Which of the following WBC can differentiate further?
a- neutrophil
b- basophil
c- monocyte

c- monocyte

10

What is the cause of most congenital malformations?
a- infectious agents
b- multifactorial agents
c- genetic mutations

b- multifactorial agents

11

Which statement is true about the abdominal plane?
a- Transpyloric passes through L1
c- Subcostal passes through L2
b- Transpyloric passes through L3

a- Transpyloric passes through L1

12

What is the morphological structure of the parietal bone?
a- long
b- short
c- flat
d- irregular

c- flat

13

What is derived from the megakaryocytes?
a- platelets
b- monocytes
c- neutrophils

a- platelets

14

Which bone does not belong to the axial skeleton?
a- femur
b- rib
c- skull
d- vertebra

a- femur

15

which of the following shows the least movement during muscle contraction?
a- belly
b- origin
c- insertion
d- raphe

b- origin

16

From which artery do superior and inferior gluteal arteries arise from?
a- internal iliac artery
b- external iliac artery
c- abdominal aorta
d- common iliac artery

a- internal iliac artery

17

From which layer does the urogenital system develop?
a- lateral plate mesoderm
b- paraxial mesoderm
c- intermediate mesoderm

c- intermediate mesoderm

18

Where is simple squamous epithelium found?
a- skin
b- alveoli
c- intestine

b- alveoli

19

What is found in the secondary chorionic villi?
a- cytotrophoblast + mesenchymal core
b- cytotrophobalst + maternal blood vessels

a- cytotrophoblast + mesenchymal core

20

The extraembryonic mesoderm splits into 2 layers that are located between
a- syncytiotrophoblast and exocoelomic membrane
b- hypoblast and epiblast
c- cytotrophoblast and exocoelomic membrane

c- cytotropoblast and exoceliomic membrane

21

What pair is present in microvilli?
a- villin – erzin
b- spectrin – villin
c- dynein – nexin

b- spectrin – villin

22

What is an indication of mature (full term) placenta?
a- cotyledons
b- decidua parietals
c- umbilical cord

a- cotyledons

23

Which structure releases enzymes that prevent other sperms to enter the oocyte?
a- cortical granules
b- the nucleus of the oocyte
c- the sperm that entered

a- cortical granules

24

What is the source of the three germ layers (ecto-meso-endoderm)?
a- hypoblast
b- epiblast

b- epiblast

25

What is the result of mitosis of oogonium?
a- primary oocyte
b- secondary oocyte
c- first polar body

a- primary oocyte

26

What is a characteristic (main feature) of endocrine glands?
a- ducts
b- CT
c- secretory acini
d- sinusoid

d- sinusoid

27

What best characterizes the abdominal wall?
a- thoracolumbar fascia covering the rectus sheath
b- scarpa fascia covering the superior thigh
c- the deep fascia is scarpas fascia
d- superficial fascia contain camper

d- superficial fascia contain camper

28

What is the cavity of grafian follicle called?
a- antrum
b- aminiotic cavity

a- antrum

29

What describes the serous acinar gland?
a- it has round centrally located nuclus
c- flat basal nuclei
b- it has highly viscous mucin secreted by exocytosis

a- it has round centrally located nuclus

30

Which anatomical term best describes an organ that is located near the head?
a- medial
b- superior
c- inferior
d- anterior

b- superior