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Flashcards in 2017 anatomy midterm Deck (30)
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1

What is the derivative of the paraxial mesoderm?
a. Vertebrae
b. Epidermis
c. Liver
d. Kidney

a. Vertebrae

2

Which of the following is part of the appendicular skeleton?
a. Femur
b. Ribs
c. Skull
d. Vertebrae

a. Femur

3

Which structure develops into the nucleus pulposus?
a. Endoderm
b. Mesoderm
c. Neural crests
d. Notochord

d. Notochord

4

Which tissue binds most organs together?
a. Adipose
b. Loose CT
c. Dense CT
d. Muscular

b. Loose CT

5

What is one characteristic of myoepithelial tissue?
a. Sensory function
b. Contractile function
c. Duct
d. Neuronal function

b. Contractile function

6

Which is the correct order of events?
a. Acrosomal reaction, capacitation, implantation, cleavage
b. Acrosomal reaction, capacitation, cleavage, implantation
c. Capacitation, acrosomal reaction, implantation, cleavage
d. Capacitation, acrosomal reaction, cleavage, implantation

d. Capacitation, acrosomal reaction, cleavage, implantation

7

Which structure stains lightly in the routine stain?
a. Intra-lobular duct
b. Mucous acini
c. Serous acini

b. Mucous acini

8

Which type of synovial joint the most freely movable?
a. Ball & socket
b. Hinge
c. Plane
d. Saddle

a. Ball & socket

9

What does the stroma of lymphoid organs consist of?
a. Areolar connective tissue
b. Dense regular connective tissue
c. Adipose tissue
d. Reticular connective tissue

d. Reticular connective tissue

10

Which developmental defect arises due to the decrease in the amniotic fluid?
a. Clubfoot
b. Microcephaly
c. Sirenomelia
d. Spina bifida

a. Clubfoot

11

What proteins are present in microvilli?
a. Villin & spectrin
b. Villin & erzin
c. Cadherins & erzin
d. Actin & cadherins

a. Villin & spectrin

12

Which nerve supply the perineum?
a. Femoral
b. Obturator
c. Pudendal
d. Sciatic

c. Pudendal

13

Which embryonic germ layer contributes to the formation of the epithelium of the primitive gut and the inner lining of the respiratory tract?
a. Ectoderm
b. Endoderm
c. Paraxial mesoderm
d. Lateral plate mesoderm

b. Endoderm

14

Which statement best describes the abdominal plane?
a. The transpyloric plane passes at L3
b. The transpyloric plane passes at L1
c. The tubercula of the iliac crest passes at level of L5
d. The subcostal plane passes at level of L2

b. The transpyloric plane passes at L1

15

Which of the following are predominant leukocytes?
a. Basophils
b. Monocytes
c. Eosinophils
d. Neutrophils

d. Neutrophils

16

Which statement best describes the abdominal wall?
a. Scarpa’s fascia adheres with the superficial fascia of the thigh
b. The deep fascia of the abdominal wall is scarpa’s fascia
c. Superficial fascia contains camper’s fascia
d. Thoracolumbar fascia covers the rictus sheath

c. Superficial fascia contains camper’s fascia

17

Which landmark on the typical rib is easily fractured?
a. Head
b. Neck
c. Shaft
d. Tubercle

c. Shaft

18

What is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly?
a. Aortic valve defect
b. Mitral valve defect
c. Ventricular septal defect
d. Tricuspid valve defect

c. Ventricular septal defect

19

Which type of CT forms the tendon?
a. Areolar
b. Dense regular
c. Dense irregular
d. Reticular

b. Dense regular

20

In which division of the mediastinum is the heart located?
a. Superior anterior mediastinum
b. Superior middle mediastinum
c. Inferior middle mediastinum
d. Superior posterior mediastinum

c. Inferior middle mediastinum

21

Which of the following cells are equivalent to granulosa cells in males?
a. Sertoli
b. Myoid
c. Spermatogenia
d. Leydig cells

a. Sertoli

22

Which has simple squamous epithelium?
a. Alveoli
b. Stomach
c. Intestine

a. Alveoli

23

Platelets are cell fragments that are derived from?
a. Megakaryocytes
b. Osteocytes
c. Fibroblast
d. Chondrocyte

a. Megakaryocytes

24

Which structure contains enzymes that digest the path of the sperm?
a. Acrosome
b. Flagellum
c. Centriole
d. Pronuclei

a. Acrosome

25

Where can collagen type 2 mainly be found?
a. Bone
b. Cartilage
c. Tendon
d. Skin

b. Cartilage

26

Which of the following is irregular bone?
a. Vertebrae
b. Humorous
c. Patella
d. Bones of the skull

a. Vertebrae

27

Which of the following forms the full term placenta membrane?
a. Endothelium of fetal blood vessels
b. Chorionic plane

no answer given

28

What is the best answer for secondary chorionic villi?
a. Cytotrophoblast + mesenchymal core
b. Cytotrophoblast + fetal blood vessels
c. Cytotrophoblast + maternal blood vessels
d. Syncytiotrophoblast into decidua basalis

a. Cytotrophoblast + mesenchymal core

29

When a person is standing erect, and their arms are semi-probated, what side are his palms facing?
a. Superiorly
b. Posteriorly
c. Medially
d. Anteriorly

c. Medially

30

What is the first haploid cell in gametogenesis?
a. Spermatids
b. Spermatozoa
c. Spermatocyte

a. Spermatids