25 Culture and personality: conceptions of self Flashcards Preview

2014 Personality and Intelligence > 25 Culture and personality: conceptions of self > Flashcards

Flashcards in 25 Culture and personality: conceptions of self Deck (9)
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1

What did Gurven et al. (2013) find when testing Big 5 on the Tsimane tribe in Bolivia?

Could not replicate Big 5. Didn't find 5 factors.

2

What did Gurven et al. (2013) conclude about the universality of the Big 5?

It works when restricted to literate, urban populations – which is not representative of most of human history.

3

What is the reference group effect and how does it relate to the Big 5?

People rate themselves on traits compared to those around them. Eg. in Brazil, a quite social person might rate themselves not very social compared to very social population

4

What is a better predictor of conscientiousness within a country – national perception of culture (stereotypes) or score on Big 5?

National perception of culture, as Big 5 scores are confounded by reference group effect.

5

What's the difference between independent and interdependent self?

Independent self – self as autonomous, socially independent entity. Self consists of internal attributes that are stable across situations.

Interdependent self – self as a socially interdependent entity (e.g., son, teacher). Sense of self consists of social relationships that are flexible across situations.

6

How did FMRI scans of Chinese and American participants demonstrate different perception of self-other relationship?

In both Chinese and American students, thoughts of self resulted in greater activation of medial prefrontal cortex (relative to thinking of a stranger.)

Only in Chinese did thinking of mother also activate MPC.

7

How can the independent/interdependent self distinction be implicated in ways individuals think about themselves.

Independents – value consistency of self-concept across situations.
Interdependents – restrain personality to avoid disharmony
Independents – a quest to validate internal positive attributes

8

Do Westerners derive more benefits than East Asians for being consistent?

Yep. There was greater correlation between consistency and well-being, social skills and likeability for Americans than Koreans.

9

How did discrepancy between real and ideal-self vary between Americans and Japanese in front of mirror or not?

Real-actual discrepancy was the same for Japanese irrespective of mirror.

American real-actual discrepancy was significantly less than Japanese in no mirror condition, but the same as Japanese when mirror added.

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