2nd Unit Gov. Quiz #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd Unit Gov. Quiz #1 Deck (36)
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1

Term

2 year period of time during which congress meets

2

Session

A period of time during which, each year, congress meets

3

🌟Reapportionment

To redistribute the seats in the house after each census

4

🌟435 members, # of members per state depends on the population size, 2 yr term,

need to be 25, a citizen for 7 years, and need to live in state

House of representatives

5

🌟100 members, 2 members per state, 6 yr in office,

you need to be 30, a citizen for 9 yrs, and live in the state

Senate

6

🌟Who is the presiding officer for the senate?

What is his/her job?

The vice president

Recognizes members (?), puts questions to vote (?).
(may vote only to break a tie)

7

🌟Who is the presiding officer for the house of representatives?

What is his/her job?

The house speaker

To preside in a fair and judicious manor, and to aid the fortunes of his party and it's legislative goals

8

Bicameralism

Any parliamentary legislature that has 2 parliamentary bodies to make laws

9

Single member districts

Voters in each district elect one of the states representatives from among candidates running for a seat in the house from that district

10

Expressed powers

The powers in wording in the constitution

11

Implied powers

Implied through reasonable deduction from the expressed powers

12

Inherent powers

By creating a national government for the US, these are the powers inherently given

13

Necessary and proper clause

Constitutional clause that gives congress the power to make all laws that are necessary and proper for executing its powers

14

🌟How do you amend the constitution?

You need 2/3 votes from members in the senate and 3/4 vote from the total population

15

🌟Impeachment

The house can vote to impeach (remove) the president, vice president, or any other civil officers of the US
The senate can conduct trials against it.

16

🌟Filibuster

An attempt to "talk a bill to death" as it were.

17

🌟How does the concept of "Checks and Balances" relate to the Bill process

The concept of "Checks and Balances" has to do with each branch having some control over the other. Bills can be approved, or downright rejected during the bill process

18

🌟Strict vs liberal constructionist

Strickts follow the constitution

Constructionists have a loose interpretation of it

19

🌟Elastic clause

Also known as the necessary and proper clause, but it's mostly called this because of the way it's been stretched to cover many different areas in the government

20

Executive power can...

Confirm treaties and appointments

21

Investigative power (congress) can..

Set up committees to investigate certain topics

22

What does it mean to appropriate funds?

Assigns a particular use

23

How is the successor of the vice president if something should happen to him/her?

The president nominates someone

24

Which two presidents were impeached by the house?

Johnson and Clinton

25

Cross section

Completely equal, congress does not do this

26

What are Expressed powers?

Examples

Powers that are literally spelled out in the constitution

Indirect/direct tax, copyright, bankruptcy, patent, commerce power, and power to borrow

27

For treaties to by confirmed by the senate, what percentage must vote yes?

2/3 of the senate

28

What is the meaning of Copyright

You have the exclusive right to re-copy and/or publish your work
(song, movie, etc...)

29

Bankruptcy

When your out of money

30

What's a patent?

Your given the authority to sell an invention of yours, no one can steal it.