Flashcards in Hank, Egypt Deck (38)
Wild rapids that were also a protective barrier to the south.
Bringing water to a field from another place to water crops.
A reed plant with many uses like making paper, baskets or sandals.
A complex society with a writing system, religion, organized government, social classes, cities and art.
The Great Pyramid
Largest pyramid, built for King Khufu.
A body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen.
The mouth of a river with fertile soil.
A bucket attached to a pole, to lift water out of the Nile.
Egyptian system of writing made up of hundreds of picture symbols.
King in Egypt
Stone structures that serve as tombs to protect the pharaoh's body for the afterlife.
Gods and goddesses
Most important Egyptian goddess.
Represented the loyal wife and mother.
Egyptian god, ruled over the dead with Isis.
World's longest river. Located in Africa.
Gave water for drinking, farming, transportation, cleaning.
What the Egyptians called their land.
Means, "the Black Land," due to the dark mud.
Class Divisions - definition of
Society was divided into social groups based on wealth and power.
A line of rulers from the same family.
A process used to protect and preserve pharaoh's body.
Egyptian moon and sun god.
Egyptian God who ruled the Nile.
He united upper and lower Egypt and began the first dynasty.
Good military leader
Expanded Egypt's border and controlled more territory than it ever had. Egypt grew rich from trade.
Aggressive wars. Enslaved people.
Regained land that was lost. Ambitious building program during the golden age.
Led an uprising that drove the Thyskos out of Egypt.
Strong military, but only focused on war.
Introduced a new religion. Egypt lost land during his reign.
1. People resisted the changes he made.
2. Lost land.
3. Appointed people without much experience.
Brought wealth to Egypt through trade. Built monuments.
More interested in trade than conquest.
Who? Strengths/ Weaknesses
Had powerful advisors who restored Egypt's religion.
Relied heavily on advisors, because he was very young.
1. What was the writing system?
2. How did writing systems help Egypt to survive and thrive?
Characteristics of Civilization
1. The writing system of Egypt was called hieroglyphics.
2. The writing system helped Egypt to keep records, communicate and pass on stories.