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Flashcards in Hank, Egypt Deck (38)
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1

Cataracts

Wild rapids that were also a protective barrier to the south.

2

Irrigation

Bringing water to a field from another place to water crops.

3

Papyrus

A reed plant with many uses like making paper, baskets or sandals.

4

Civilization

A complex society with a writing system, religion, organized government, social classes, cities and art.

5

The Great Pyramid

Largest pyramid, built for King Khufu.

6

Mummy

A body that has been embalmed and wrapped in linen.

7

Delta

The mouth of a river with fertile soil.

8

Shadoof

A bucket attached to a pole, to lift water out of the Nile.

9

Hieroglyphics

Egyptian system of writing made up of hundreds of picture symbols.

10

Pharaoh

King in Egypt

11

Pyramid

Stone structures that serve as tombs to protect the pharaoh's body for the afterlife.

12

Deities

Gods and goddesses

13

Isis

Most important Egyptian goddess.
Represented the loyal wife and mother.

14

Osiris

Egyptian god, ruled over the dead with Isis.

15

Nile River

World's longest river. Located in Africa.
Gave water for drinking, farming, transportation, cleaning.

16

Kemet

What the Egyptians called their land.
Means, "the Black Land," due to the dark mud.

17

Class Divisions - definition of

Society was divided into social groups based on wealth and power.

18

Dynasty

A line of rulers from the same family.

19

Embalming

A process used to protect and preserve pharaoh's body.

20

Re

Egyptian moon and sun god.

21

Hapi

Egyptian God who ruled the Nile.

22

Narmer/Menes

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

He united upper and lower Egypt and began the first dynasty.

Good military leader

23

Thutmose III

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

Expanded Egypt's border and controlled more territory than it ever had. Egypt grew rich from trade.

Aggressive wars. Enslaved people.

24

Ramses II

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

Regained land that was lost. Ambitious building program during the golden age.

Strong military

25

Ahmose

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

Led an uprising that drove the Thyskos out of Egypt.

Strong military, but only focused on war.

26

Akhenaton

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

Introduced a new religion. Egypt lost land during his reign.

1. People resisted the changes he made.
2. Lost land.
3. Appointed people without much experience.

27

Hatshepsut

Who? Strengths/Weaknesses

Brought wealth to Egypt through trade. Built monuments.

More interested in trade than conquest.

28

Tutankhamen

Who? Strengths/ Weaknesses

Had powerful advisors who restored Egypt's religion.

Relied heavily on advisors, because he was very young.

29

Writing Systems:
1. What was the writing system?
2. How did writing systems help Egypt to survive and thrive?

Characteristics of Civilization

1. The writing system of Egypt was called hieroglyphics.

2. The writing system helped Egypt to keep records, communicate and pass on stories.

30

Organized government:
1. Why do civilizations need government to help them survive and thrive?

Characteristics of Civilization

Civilizations need government to keep order and structure.