Unit Quiz (missed Friday) Flashcards Preview

Social Studies > Unit Quiz (missed Friday) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit Quiz (missed Friday) Deck (15)
Loading flashcards...
1

When the framers made the constitution, what was originally the weakest branch?

When did that change?

The courts

It changed with the Murberry vs Madison judicial review.

2

In State courts, how are judges chosen? How long do they serve?

They are elected, they serve a certain number of terms

3

🌟In federal courts, how are judges chosen? How long do they serve?

They are appointed by the president, they serve for life

4

🌟What is a Plaintiff?

The person who brings up charges against another individual

5

🌟What is the road journey to the supreme court? (6 steps)

1. Rule of 4- Four of Nine judges have to agree to hear the case
2. Writ of Certiorari- All the records from the lower courts must be sent to the higher courts
3. Lawyers submit briefs
4. Attorneys Oral Argument
5. Debate and vote
6. Opinion (majority, dissenting, and concurring)

6

Who is the Defendant?

The one being charged

7

What is the order for the state courts?

(most people) Circuit: Municipal, traffic, small claims, divorce, juvenile, etc...➡
Appellate: 1. Law, 2. Procedure➡
Supreme

8

🌟What is jurisdiction?

The authority to hear a case

9

🌟What does original jurisdiction mean?

Where the case was 1st heard.

10

🌟What does exclusive jurisdiction mean?

It's secluded to the federal courts

11

🌟What does concurrent jurisdiction mean?

Can be heard in the federal or state court.

12

What is the order for federal courts?

District: 8% Fed. causes, 1 judge,1 jury, 5% district court ➡
Appellate➡
Supreme

13

Civil case

A case over something as simple as terms of contract

14

Criminal case

A defendant is tried for an action congress proclaims as a federal crime

15

What does appellate mean?

Appeals