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Flashcards in Byzantine Deck (53)
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1

Justinian

He ruled for 38 years, was considered Byzantines most ambitious ruler. Wanted to recreate the roman empire and made a code of laws similar to the roman code of laws.

2

Byzantine!

Empire, Constantinople was capital

3

Greek fire

Atomic bomb of the time, made by the Byzantines

4

The Nika Revolt

It took place in January in 532 in Constantinople, against Justinian during a chariot race. Everyone was cheering on their own team, shouting concur, or "Nika". Suddenly the were all yelling it at him.

5

Justinian's code of laws

Roman laws he changed for his needs and then established

6

Theodora

Justinian's wife and queen, was an actress and was therefor seen unfit to rule. Would not flee during the Nika revolts, and died if cancer

7

Patriarch

Highest church official in Constantinople.

8

Autocrat

A sole ruler with complete authority over the people

9

Icon

Sacred image that's treated as holy itself

10

Great schism

Byzantine emperor Leo bans icons, causing the eastern and western church to split in 2 in 1054

11

Ecumenical patriarch

Universal patriarch

12

Papal authority

Power of pope

13

Iconoclasm

The action of attacking or assertively rejecting cherished beliefs and institutions or established values and practices

14

Steppe

An open, treeless grassland that Nomads traveling through the region used for there cows and horses. It's one of the three regions of Russia.

15

Kiev

City, where main trade was

16

Hagia Sopia

It was once the centralized church building if the eastern orthodox church, but now it's a museum

Hagia sophia means "Holy wisdom", and that was a title for Jesus

17

Cyril

One of the Lord's that had been sent to Kiev to convert the Slavs to Christianity.

18

Cyrillic

The alphabet used to translate the bible into Slavic

19

Czar or Tsar

Titles of rulers of Russia, means Caesar

20

Ivan the terrible

Ruled for 51 years, had a secret police, was always unstable but really went off his noodle when his wife died. Thought everyone was out to kill him so he killed them first.

21

Ivan the great

He married the last Byzantines emperors niece, and freed Russia from mongols, believed in absolute power.

22

Jewish refugees fled western Europe because...

Of persecution and expulsion

23

The Magyars were raiders from the Asian steppes and they settled in...

Hungary

24

The Serbian state reached its height in power under...

Stefan Dusan

25

The south Slav country of Serbia was concord by...

The ottoman Turks in the 1300's

26

Who died that made Russia feel full of unrest???

Ivan the terrible

27

The Russian language is written in

The Cyrillic alphabet

28

The Mongols who invaded Russian were known as the...

Golden Hoard

29

Ivan the 3rd sometimes refers to himself as...

tsar, or caesar

30

Russia's rivers linked early russians to...

The Byzantine empire