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🌟Comparing democracy and dictatorship

Those who rule are responsible to...

Democracy- the people

Dictatorship- how they see fit


🌟Comparing democracy and dictatorship

Power is gained by...

Democracy- people elect representatives to carry out their will

Dictatorship- autocracy, military force
oligarchy, birthright or religious power


🌟Define democracy, give 2 examples

A form of government in which supreme authority rest with the people. Either direct, individuals vote on laws. Or indirect, people elect representatives vote on laws.

Examples - United States, India


🌟Define Dictatorship, give 2 examples

A form of government where in which the leader has absolute power and authority.

Examples- Nazi Germany, People's Republic of China


🌟Where is the power the power held? 2 examples

Unitary government

All power held by a central government. In theory, the central government could completely disband all local governments if it wanted to.

Examples- Great Britain, most world governments


🌟Where is the power the power held? 2 examples

Federal government

Powers are divided between a central government and local governments. A superior authority (like our constitution) divides the powers on a geographic basis.

Examples- United States, India, Canada, many others


🌟Where is the power the power held? 2 examples

Confederation or confederate government

Power is held by individual states or countries. The confederation has very limited powers that its members assign to it. Confederations are often formed so that its members agree to trade rules or defend each other.
Examples- EU the European Union, early United States (1781-1789) under the Articles of Confederation


🌟What is the relationship between legislative and executive branches of government? Give 2 examples.


Executive (the President) and legislative (Congress) are separate, independent of each other and coequal. Each has powers that can block the other. Both are elected by the people.

Examples, United States, France


🌟What is the relationship between legislative and executive branches of government? Give 2 examples.


The prime minister or premier is chosen by the parliament's ruling party. The prime minister chooses their cabinet from parliament members. The prime minister gets their power from the parliament. If their party is voted out, they're out too. No checks and balances.
Examples- Great Britain, Israel, most of the world


What prevents Illinois from being a state?

A state is 4 things: 1- a population of people, 2- a territory, 3- a government, and 4) sovereign (doesn't report to a higher power)

Illinois reports to the U. S. federal government and therefore isn't sovereign.


What is the purpose of government?

To enforce public policies.
To help people and to control their behavior in an organized manner.

This is done through legislative power (laws), executive power (enforce) and judicial power (interpret the law).


🌟How does a unitary government differ from a confederate government?

A unitary government is like drawing a big, STRONG Central power circle that can dissolve the itty-bitty dot of local (state) government inside it.

A confederate government is like a WEAK itty-bitty dot of Central power that is controlled by a big circle of of states around it.


🌟Why is compromise an essential part of the democratic process?

No large group will ever have complete agreement. Compromise helps ensure Majority agreement. But, the MINORITY still have a voice.


🌟What is the name of a government that uses one person or one party rule?



🌟What is the difference between a presidential and parliamentary style of government?

Presidential- executive and legislative branch are elected by the people separately. One can block the other. They are independent and coequal.

Parliamentary- executive is chosen by the legislative branch and is in fact the leader of it. They are tied together.


What is Force Theory?

The state was born of force. All 4 parts of a state.
Conquerors held a territory, with a population, had sovereign power and acted as the government.


What is the Evolutionary Theory?

The state developed out of the early family. One family grew into a clan which became a tribe which became a council. When the people stopped being nomads and became farmers in a set territory, the state was born.

Population, government, territory sovereignty


What is the Divine Right Theory?

Belief that God created the state and had given those of royal birth, divine right to rule.

Popular in 15th to 18th century Europe, but also believed at different time throughout the world.


🌟What is the Social Contract Theory?

The people possess the sovereign power. The government exists to serve the will of the people and can only do what the people gave it power to do. If people are unsatisfied it is replaced.



🌟Comparing democracy and dictatorship

Who holds sovereign power

Democracy- the people

Dictatorship- a single person or group
Autocracy or Oligarchy


🌟What are the 5 concepts of Democracy?

1. Equality
2. Individual worth
3. Individual freedom
4. Necessity of compromise
5. Majority rule


Ordered Government

A government created by the people when they seek order


Limited Government

The government can only do what the people have given it the power to do.

The people have certain rights the Government CAN NOT take away.


What is Representative Government?

System of government, in which public policies are made by officials selected by voters and held accountable in elections.


What body was the first national government of the US?

What were their responsibilities to the power they held?

The New England Confederation

It was created to defend people against the native Americans


Who was the declarations main author???

Thomas Jerferson


What are Unalienable rights?

Rights that can't be questioned, and must be given


What was the name of the first government after the revolutionary war, what were some of its weaknesses?

The articles of Confederation

-Had no power to tax
-No power to regulate trade between states
-Absolutely no power to enforce law


🌟Who were the Framers?
What traits did they have in common?
(list 2 individuals)

55 delegates who attended the Philadelphia meeting (Constitutional convention)
Some of the most brilliant men in the country, were there to make THE perfect Gov.
(George Washington, Thomas Jefferson?)


What was George Washington's role at the Philadelphia convention?

He was the leader, or 'President' of it.