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Flashcards in Dark Ages Deck (38)
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1

Clovis

King of Franks, who one a battle in the name of Christianity.

He converts to Christianity

2

Battle of Tours

732, it was a battle of Christians against Muslims. The Christians one, stopping the Muslims in their tracks

3

Charlemagne
(Charles the great)

Charles Martel's grandson, became king of Franks in 768.

Built an Empire that reached into France, Germany, and Italy.

Pope Leo the third makes him the Emperor of Romans.

4

Missi Dominici

Charlemagne's officials who administered law and to see justice through.

5

The Treaty of Verdun

Charlemagne's grandsons split the region into three parts

6

Magyars

Nomadic people who tried to invade a few times

7

Vikings

Traders, invaders, explorers, sailors, and farners

8

Feudalism

The system where lords rule their own lands

9

Vassals

Lesser lords who pledged loyalty to the high lord

10

Feudal contract

The exchange of pledges in Fuedalism

11

Fief

An estate Vassals would receive

12

Starting at 7, many nobles trained to be...

Knights (mounted warrior)

13

Tournaments

Knights engaged in mock battles

14

Who owned castles in the 1100's?

Monarchs and Nobles

15

Eleanor of Aquitaine 1122-1204

Mother to Richard the Lion Hearted, she often ruled when her husband or son was away. She even wore armor and rode a horse alongside brave men during the second crusade

16

Chivalry

Knights code of honor

17

Troubadours

Wandering musicians who sang story's about knights

18

Manor

Lords estate

19

Serfs

Peasants

20

Sacraments

Sacred rites of the church, they got you into heaven

21

Benedictine Rule

Rule of thumb used by Monastery's, made by a Monk named Benedict in 530

Monks and nuns would take 3 vows.

1. Obedience 2. Poverty
3. Chastity/purity

22

Secular

Worldly

23

Papal Supremacy

Power over all secular (worldly) leaders

24

Cannon Law

Church Laws

Governed Wills, Marriage, and Morals

25

Excommunication

When church would not give sacraments to a certain town

26

Interdict

An order of exclusion involving an entire towns sacraments being stripped

27

Friars

Monks who did not lead isolated lives in monastery's , but instead traveled and preached to the poor

28

St. Francis of Assisi

Giving up a comfortable life, he devoted his time to preaching the gospels and teaching by his own example of good works. He and his newfound group the Franciscans preached about poverty, humility, and the love of God

29

Capital

Money for investment

30

Partnerships

Groups of merchants pooling funds for a large scale venture that would have been to expensive for any one person