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Flashcards in Greece 1 Deck (66)
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1

Minoan palace

Knossos

2

Shrines

Areas dedicated to gods

3

Frescoes

Water color paintings

4

When was the Trojan war?

1250 BC, between Mycenae and Troy

5

Straits

Narrow water passages

6

Homer, 750 BC

Writer of Iliad, and Odyssey

7

Iliad

Epic poem of Trojan war, about Achilles

8

Odyssey

Tale of hero Odysseus, on his way home from war to his wife, and faces many perils along the way

9

Acropolis

High city, below latex main city

10

Citizen

Free resident

11

Monarchy

A hereditary ruler

12

Rule by better people

Aristocracy

13

Oligarchy

Rule from small wealthy elite

14

Phalanx

Massive tactical formation

15

Sparta

City state, home to spartans, ruthless men and woman

16

Athens

Place that slowly became the first democracy

17

Solon

Appointed leader in Athens, freed all slaves

18

Tyrants

People who gained power by force

19

Legislature

Lawmaking body

20

What did Greeks believe?

Believed that woman and slaves could not think

21

Every man make up his mind to fight and move his enemy! Strong as I am, it's hard for me to face so many men and fight with all at once... And yet I will!

Homer, Iliad

22

Alliance

Formal agreement between two or more nations

23

Pericles

Was a wise and skill full leader, who was voted for ostracism

24

Stipend

Fixed salary

25

Jury

Panel of citizens who have the right to make final judgement in a trial

26

Ostracism

When someone is voted out

27

What killed Pericles?

During Athens war with Sparta, he allowed people fleeing from the country to enter the city, and it caused plagues which killed him

28

Lover of wisdom

Philosophers

29

Logic

Ration thinking

30

Rhetoric

Art of skillfully speaking