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Flashcards in 31- Ecosystems Deck (15)
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1

What is another term for a biome?

an ecosystem

2

What is the definition of a biome?

it describes an area separated by boundaries and has different characteristics like soil. An example of a biome is the Tropical Rainforest. (according to BBC bitesize - Biomes are large-scale ecosystems defined by abiotic factors (like rocks and geology, precipitation etc)

3

Give 3 examples of biomes

Any 3 of....
-tropical rain forest
-tundra
-temperate forest
-boreal forest
-temperate grasslands
-mountain
-desert

4

What are the 3 main components of the biosphere?

biomass
litter
soil

5

What is the nutrient cycle?

a diagram that describes how nutrients are transferred around an ecosystem

6

In GCSE geography do you have to know how to draw the nutrient cycle?

yes so you better get practising

7

What does bio mean?

life

8

What are biotic components?

living components

9

What are abiotic components?

Non living components but still essential to life

10

What are 3 examples of biotic components?

Animals
Plants
Fungi

11

What are 3 examples of abiotic components?

Sunlight
Water
Rock

12

What are the 4 UK main ecosystems?

-Moorlands
-Woodlands
-Wetlands
-Heathlands

13

What are 3 ways rain forests have adapted?

-Birds have wings that are adapted for fast manoeuvring and turning as well as good eyesight to spot prey
-Lemurs and monkeys have gripping hands, feet and long tails to jump from tree to tree
-Canopy layer has drip tip leaves to ensure water runs off quickly and doesn't cause moss to grow
-Plants produce fruit at different times throughout the year ensuring animals always have enough to eat
-buttress routes are situated above/level with the ground where nutrient concentration is highest.

14

What is an example of a sand spit?

Minnesota point

15

How long is Minnesota point?

10 miles