Flashcards in 4.1- Global Development Deck (47)
What is development?
a term that compares how advanced a country is compared to another country. it relates to the standard of living and whether people can afford the things they need to survive
What are some factors affecting human development of a country?
food and water security
How does water security contribute towards the human development of a country?
safe water improves peoples lives as they are no longer too ill to work, children can go to school instead of collecting water and women can work and have an income instead of spending all their time fetching clean water.
How many people in 2015 died from not having enough food?
800 million people
How many people die each year from dirty water?
How many people in the world lack access to safe water?
What is GDP?
The total value of goods and services produced within a country within a year
How many people in the world live on 88p/day?
1.2 billion people
What does HDI stand for?
Human development index
What is the HDI?
A measure of several factors that help measure development in a country.
years of schooling
Access to education
What are the 2 main development indicators?
Explain one way of measuring economic inequalities within a country.
you can use the GINI coefficient. This is expressed as a ration between ) and 1. the closer to )0 this coefficient is, the more equal everyone is.
What 3 Physical factors affect global development?
Historical-colonial links/trading relationships
Economic- type of economy/debt
What 3 factors affect the UKs development?
economic-employment rates/house prices
Why is there uneven development in employment?
employment in developing countries is limited and many people are turning to the informal economy which have less benifits
Why is there uneven development in health?
healthcare is limited in developing countries with fewer doctors and poorer facilities
Why is there uneven development in access to housing?
in developing countries many people around the world dont have enough money or access to housing.
What percentage of the world live in slums?
How many children die before they make it to their 5th birthday?
Why is there uneven development in education?
in developing countries, literacy rates are low with few schools and poor attendance rates. less access to education also leads to greater numbers of children and without an education, this can lead to debt and malnutrition
Why is there uneven development in technology?
developing countries have not invested in technology so it cannot compete with the western world
appropriate technology can help meet needs in a sustainable way
Why is there uneven development in food and water security?
developing countries lack access to food and clean water which results in malnourishment and dehydration
a lack of water limits crops being grown
What is international aid?
where a developed country transferrs rescources to another country to reduce uneven global development
What are some examples of international aid?
pay for machinary and oil which are vital for development
address a shortage of the skills needed for development
What is FDI?
when a company invests in a copany in a differnt country
What are the advantages and disadvantages of FDI?
brings in investment
brings in big brands
helps countries develop
not always reliable
lack of regulation can have environmental consequences
big brands can outsell local products
Is India the largest country in the world?
no, its the largest country in the sub Indian continent
what is the population of India?
How has India's primary sector changed?
it has decreased from 58% to 26%