4.1- Global Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.1- Global Development Deck (47)
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1

What is development?

a term that compares how advanced a country is compared to another country. it relates to the standard of living and whether people can afford the things they need to survive

2

What are some factors affecting human development of a country?

food and water security
economic
cultural
technological
social

3

How does water security contribute towards the human development of a country?

safe water improves peoples lives as they are no longer too ill to work, children can go to school instead of collecting water and women can work and have an income instead of spending all their time fetching clean water.

4

How many people in 2015 died from not having enough food?

800 million people

5

How many people die each year from dirty water?

840,000

6

How many people in the world lack access to safe water?

750 million

7

What is GDP?

The total value of goods and services produced within a country within a year

8

How many people in the world live on 88p/day?

1.2 billion people

9

What does HDI stand for?

Human development index

10

What is the HDI?

A measure of several factors that help measure development in a country.

Factors include.....
Life expectancy
Gni
years of schooling
Access to education

11

What are the 2 main development indicators?

GDP
HDI

12

Explain one way of measuring economic inequalities within a country.

you can use the GINI coefficient. This is expressed as a ration between ) and 1. the closer to )0 this coefficient is, the more equal everyone is.

13

What 3 Physical factors affect global development?

Physical- landlocked/size/climate
Historical-colonial links/trading relationships
Economic- type of economy/debt

14

What 3 factors affect the UKs development?

physical- remoteness
historical- deinduatrialisation
economic-employment rates/house prices

15

Why is there uneven development in employment?

employment in developing countries is limited and many people are turning to the informal economy which have less benifits

16

Why is there uneven development in health?

healthcare is limited in developing countries with fewer doctors and poorer facilities

17

Why is there uneven development in access to housing?

in developing countries many people around the world dont have enough money or access to housing.

18

What percentage of the world live in slums?

30%

19

How many children die before they make it to their 5th birthday?

6 million

20

Why is there uneven development in education?

in developing countries, literacy rates are low with few schools and poor attendance rates. less access to education also leads to greater numbers of children and without an education, this can lead to debt and malnutrition

21

Why is there uneven development in technology?

developing countries have not invested in technology so it cannot compete with the western world
appropriate technology can help meet needs in a sustainable way

22

Why is there uneven development in food and water security?

developing countries lack access to food and clean water which results in malnourishment and dehydration
a lack of water limits crops being grown

23

What is international aid?

where a developed country transferrs rescources to another country to reduce uneven global development

24

What are some examples of international aid?

pay for machinary and oil which are vital for development
address a shortage of the skills needed for development
financial investment

25

What is FDI?

when a company invests in a copany in a differnt country

26

What are the advantages and disadvantages of FDI?

brings in investment
brings in big brands
increases wages
helps countries develop

not always reliable
lack of regulation can have environmental consequences
big brands can outsell local products

27

Is India the largest country in the world?

no, its the largest country in the sub Indian continent

28

what is the population of India?

1.3 billion

29

How has India's primary sector changed?

it has decreased from 58% to 26%

30

How has India's secondary sector changed.

it has increased slightly from 15% to 22%