2.4- Droughts Flashcards Preview

GCSE Geography > 2.4- Droughts > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2.4- Droughts Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the 2 types of drought?

hydrological and metoroligical

2

What is a hydrological drought?

when the water cycle receives less rainfall than normal so resevoirs aren't refilled

3

What is a meteorological drought?

when an area receives less than average precipitation

4

What is the definition of drought in the UK?

15 days without rainfall

5

what does arid mean?

dry

6

Was the California drought hydrological or meteorological?

hydrological- lower than normal rainfall and snowfall

7

What were the main hazards of the California drought?

wildfires which started and spread quickly as vegetation was so dry

subsidence as groundwater levels dropped causing land to settle at a lower level

8

What are the economic impacts of the California drought?

It cost California 2.7 billion dollars a year

9

What are the environmental impacts of the California drought?

wildlife and habitats were destroyed
reduction in biodiversity
wildfires spread rapidly

10

What were some government responses to the California drought?

educational campaigns such as save our water

11

What were some organisational responses of the California drought?

University of California research project for effectively managing groundwater

12

How have individuals responded to the California drought?

farmers encouraged to use water effective irrigation
homeowners encouraged to check for water leeks

13

What were the main hazards of the Ethiopia Drought in 2015?

reduction in crop yields and longer journeys to find water

14

what was the social impacts of the Ethiopian drought?

death of livestock caused the food crisis so people ate less and became week from malnutrition

15

What was some Environmental effects of the Ethiopian drought?

loss of habitat for fish and wildlife

16

What was some government responses to the Ethiopian drought?

overseas governments gave aid

17

What were some individual responses to the Ethiopian drought?

-large charity events like Live Aid help to raise awareness and money

18

what were some organisational responses to the Ethiopian drought?

-aid agencies like Oxfam helped people get water supplies for educational charities help people get jobs in urban areas