4.3 (Irregular -ir verbs Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.3 (Irregular -ir verbs Deck (35):
1

Attention!  Se Sentir vs. Sentir

Sentir means to sense or to smell.  The reflexive verb se sentir is used with an adverb to tell how a person feels.

Examples:

Cette fleur sent très bonne (This flower smells very good)

Je sens qu'il t'aime, même s'il ne le dit pas (I sense that he loves you, even if he doesn't say it)

Tu es rentrée parce que tu ne te sentais pas bien (You went home because you didn't feel good?)

2

Meaning:

Maintenir

to maintain

3

Past Participles:

Venir

Venu

4

Irregular IR verbs with similar present tense forms

(there are 5)

Courir (to run)

Dormir (to sleep)

Partir (to leave)

Sentir (to smell)

Sortir (to take (out))

Je cours                               Nous courtons

Tu cours                              Vous courez

Il/Elle court                          Ils/Elles courent

5

Ir verbs which have different stems for nous and vous

Conjugation

je deviens

tu deviens

il/elle devient

Nous devenons

Vous devenez

Ils/Elles deviennent

6

IR verbs which take Être in the Passé Compossé and Plus Que Parfait

Sortir

Partir

Mourir

Devenir

Venir

Revenir

7

Conjugation of Couvrir, décourvrir, offrir, ouvrir, and souffrir

Je couvre

Tu couvres

Il/Elle couvre

Nous couvrons

Vous couvrez 

Ils/Elles couvrent

8

Reminder regarding verbs that use Être as the auxiliary 

Remember that a past participle usually agrees with its subject in number and gender for verbs that take être as an auxiliary.  

9

Meaning:

découvrir

to discover

10

Distinction between Sortir and Partir

Use Sortir to say that someone is leaving, as in exiting a building.  Use Partir to say that someone is leaving, as in departing.  

The proposition De often accompanies Sortir and the preposition pour often accompanies Partir

Examples:

Nous ne sortons jamais de la salle avant la sonnerie

(we never leave the room before the bell rings)

 

Le premier ministre part pour l'Espagne demain

(the Prime Minister leaves for Spain tomorrow)

11

Past Participles:

tenir

tenu

12

Past Participle:

Courir

couru

13

Meaning:

Souffrir

to suffer

14

Meaning:

Ouvrir

To open

15

Past Participle:

Sortir

Sorti

16

Meaning:

Devenir

to become

17

Past Participle:

Offrir

offert

18

Past Participle:

Dormir

Dormi

19

Past Participles:

revenir

revenu

20

Ir verbs which have different stems for nous and vous

(5)

devenir

maintenir

revenir

tenir

venir

21

Conjugation of Mourir

Je meurs

Tu meurs

Il/elle meurt

Nous mourons

Vous mourez

ils/elles meurent

Examples:

Il fait chaud et je meurs de soif!! (It's hot and I'm dying of thirst!)

En quelle année la président est-elle morte? (In which year did the president die?)

22

Meaning:

revenir

to return

23

Past Participle:

Sentir

senti

24

Meaning: venir + de + infinitive

means to have just done something.  Use it in the present or the imparfait to say something that happened in the very recent past

Examples:

les militants viennent de faire un discours à l'ONU (the activists just made a speech at the UN)

je venais juste de poser mon sac par terre quand le voleur l'a pris (I had just put my bag down on the ground when the thief took it)

 

25

Past Participles:

 

maintenir

maintenu

26

Past Participles:

 

Devenir

devenu

27

Past Participle:

Couvrir

couvert

28

Meaning: 

Venir

to come

29

Past Participle:

Découvrir

Découvert

30

Past Participle:

Partir

Parti

31

Meaning:

Couvrir

to cover

32

Meaning:

tenir

To hold

33

Past Participle:

Mourir 

Mort 

34

Past Participle:

Souffrir

Souffert

35

Meaning:

Offrir

to offer