Fiches de Grammaire #2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fiches de Grammaire #2 Deck (49):
1

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ment

masc

le dépaysement

2

Nouns and articles

Definite and indefinite articles

  • definite and indefinite articles agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify

 

  • the gender of nouns that refer to people typically matches the gender of the person: un garçon/ une fille; un chanteur/une chanteuse; un enfant/une enfant.

3

Nouns and articles:

To form the plural of most french nouns

to form the plural of most french nouns add an -s

 

4

If the object of the infinitive is not stated immediately or at all

Use c'est + [adjective] + à + [infinitive] if the object of the infinitive is not stated immediately after it or not stated at all.

Examples:

Il est facile de vendre une maison (It is easy to sell a house)

Une maison, c'est facile à vendre (A house is easy to sell)

C'est facile à vendre! (It's easy to sell)

5

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ette

fem

l'assiette

6

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ier

masc

le clavier

7

Nouns and articles:

If a singular french nouns ends in -s, -x, or

-z

 

If a singular french nouns ends in -s, -x, or -z

its plural form remains the same

Examples:

le gaz = les gaz

le pays = les pays

la voix = les voix

 

8

Use il/elle est and ils/elles sont

Use il/elle est and ils/elles sont to describe specific people or things that have been previously mentioned

Examples:

Essayez ce pain au chocolat! Il est vraiment délicieux!

(Try this chocolate croissant.  It's really delicious)

 

Voici Madame Duval et sa fille.  Elles sont bilingues

(Here are Mrs. Duval and her daughter.  They are bilingual)

 

9

C'est and Il/Elle est:

Meaning

C'est and Il/elle est both mean it is or s/he is

10

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ie

fem

la pâtisserie

11

To describe an idea or concept expressed as an infinitive rather than a noun...

To describe an idea or concept expressed as an infinitive rather than a noun,

use the impersonal construction il est + [adjective] + de (d') + [infinitive]

Examples:

Il est important de se brosser les dents après le repas (It is important to brush one's teeth after meals)

Il est essentiel d'apprendre une langue éstrangère à l'école. (it is essential to learn a foreign language at school)

12

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ade

fem

la charade

13

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ace

fem

la place

14

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ail

masc

(le travail)

15

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- sion

fem

l'exoression

16

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- as

masc 

le repas

17

to describe an idea or concept that has already been mentioned or stated earlier in a sentence

Use c'est + [adjective] to describe an idea or concept that has already been mentioned or stated earlier in the sentence

Examples:

Ce brosser les dents après les rapas, c'est important (Brushing one's teeth after meals is important)

J'apprends une langue étrangère à l'école.  C'est vrai! (I'm learning a foreign language at school.  It's true!)

18

When stating a persons nationality, religion, political affiliation, or profession what do you use?

When stating a persons nationality, religion, political affiliation, or profession il/elle est and c'est un/une and their respective plural forms ils/elles sont and ce sont des, are both correct.

If you include an adjective, you can only use c'est un/une or ce sont des

Examples:

Il est journaliste (He's a journalist)

C'est un journaliste (He's a journalist)

C'est un journaliste célèbre (He's a famous journalist)

19

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

-aine

fem

la laine

20

Important:

Because infinitives and concepts typically have no gender

Because infinitives and concepts typically have no gender, use only il est or c'est with them, never elle est. 

An adjective following il est or c'est is always in the masc. singular form

21

Ce sont and ils/elles sont

Meaning

 

Ce sont and ils/elles sont mean they are

22

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- euse

fem

la chanteuse

23

Important: No definite article!

Note that no definite article is used with il/elle est and ils/elles sont

Examples:

Il est médecin (He is a doctor)

Elles sont socialistes (They are socialists)

24

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- isme

masc

le surréalisme

25

Nouns and articles:
 

If a singular noun ends in -au, -eau, -eu, or œu

If a singular noun ends in -au, -eau, -eu, or -œu

its plural form usually ends in -x

Examples:

le chapeau = les chapeaux

le jeu = les jeux

26

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ain

masculine

l'ecrivain

27

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- al 

masc

le journal

28

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ée

fem

la journée

29

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ère

fem

la boulangère

30

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ture

fem

la rupture

31

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- tié

feminine

l'amitié

32

Nouns and articles:
If a singular noun ends in -al

If a singular noun ends in -al

drop the -al and add -aux

Example:

le cheval = les chevaux

 

33

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- té

feminine 

la responsabilité

34

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- trice

feminine

l'atrice

35

Nouns with irregular forms (3)

a few nouns have very irregular plural forms: 

l'œil = les yeux

le ciel = les cieux

le monsieur = les messieurs

36

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- eau

masc

le bureau

37

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

-age

masc 

(le voyage)

38

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- if

masc

le tarif

39

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- et

le bonnet

40

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- oir

masc

le pouvoir

41

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- tion

fem

l'addition

42

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- esse

fem

la tristess

43

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

-asme

mas

le sarcasme

44

Use C'est and ce sont 

Use C'est and ce sont to describe people or things

Examples:

C'est mon stylo (It's my pen)

Ce sont mes amis (They are my friends)

45

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- in

masc

le bassin

46

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ance

fem

la chance

47

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ence

fem

la compétence

48

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ent

masc 

l'argent

49

Nouns and articles:

certain noun endings provide clues to their gender

- ière

fem.

la cuisinière