Fiches de Grammaire #1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fiches de Grammaire #1 Deck (10):
1

The Imperative:

Forms of -IR and -Re verbs

The imparative forms of IR and RE verbs are teh same as the present tense forms

Examples:

Tu finis = finis!

Nous finissons = Finissons!

 

Tu réponds = Réponds!

Nous répondons = Répondons!

 

2

The Imperative:

The tu form of a command when followed by a pronoun that begins with a vowel

Do not drop the -s from the tu form of a command when it is followed by a pronoun that begins with a vowel.

Examples:

Vas-y! (Go [there])

Manges-en! (East some!)

 

3

The Imperative:

Aller

Although aller is irregular, like other ER verbs, it has no -s on the tu command form.

Example:

Va au marché! (Go to the market!)

 

4

5

The Imperative:

Negative commands

In negative commands, place ne... pas around the verb

 

Examples:

Ne sois pas nerveux! (Don't be nervous)

N'oubliez pas notre rendez-vous ) Don't forget our date!

6

The Imperative:

Negative Affirmative Commands:

In negative commands, pronouns are placed in front of the verb with no hyphen

Examples:

Ne me les donnez pas! (Don't give them to me!)

Ne te lève pas (Don't get up!)

7

The Imperative:

In Affirmative Commands:

objective pronouns, and reflexive pronouns

In affirmative commands, object pronouns, and reflexive pronous follow the verb and are joined by a hyphen.  

Examples:

Donnez-les-moi! (Give them to me!)

Lève-toi! (Get up!)

 

8

The Imperative:

When is it used?

to give a command or make a suggestion

9

The Imperative:

- ER verbs

Form the tu command of -ER verbs by dropping the -s from the present tense forms

Example:

Tu danses = Danse!

Nous dansons = Dansons!

Vous dansez = Dansez!

10

The Imperative:

Forms of être, avoir, and savoir (irregular)

Avoir = aie, ayons, ayez

Être = sois, soyons, soyez

Savoir = sache, sachons, sachez

Examples:

Sois sage! (Be good)

Ayons de la patience! (Let's have patience)

Sachez que nous fermons. (Be advised we are closing)