5.2 (the pronouns y and en Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5.2 (the pronouns y and en Deck (21):
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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

sur

on

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Non Human objects of the proposition à

Y can stand for non-human objects of the proposition à

Examples:

Tu penses tourjours à l'examen = Oui, j'y pense tourjours

Il a répondu à la question? = Oui il y a répondu

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The proposition à in contractions:

 

The pronoun y can represent the contraction and its object

Examples:

Vous assisterez au cours de maths? = Oui, nous y assisterons

Tu vas aux États-Unis? = Oui, j'y vais

 

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

chez

at the place or home of

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Prepositions in English vs. Prepositions in French

The propositions used in English do not necessarily translate literally into French.  Notice that sometimes no preposition is used at all in English

Example:

Réponds tout de suite à Danielle!

Answer Danielle right away!

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En can represent de plus a location

In this case, it usually means from there

Example:

Ils reviennent de Lomé = Ils en reviennent

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The pronoun En

The pronoun en stands for the preposition de and its object

Example:

Ils n'ont pas de villes surpeuplées = Ils n'en ont pas

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En with a partitive article and its object

En can replace a partitive article and its object

Example:

Voudriez-vous de la charcuterie?  = Nous en voudrions

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

en

in or at

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

(7)

à

chez

dans

derrière

devant

en

sur

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

devant

in front of

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Remember!

The indirect object pronouns me, te, lui, nous, vous, and leur

The indirect object pronouns me, te, lui, nous, vous, and leur stand for human objects of the preposition à

Example:

Avez-vous répondu à Danielle? = Non, je ne lui ai pas encore répondu.

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

à

in or at

14

The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

dans

in or inside

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En in a negative sentence

In a negative sentence the number is not retained

Example:

Nathalie a acheté deux litres de lait? = Non, elle n'en pas du tout acheté

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The y can stand for these common prepositions of location and their objects

meaning:

derrière

behind

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En with nouns which follow an expression of quantity

En can replace a noun that follows an expression of quantity

In this case, omit the noun and the preposition de/d' but retain the number

Example:

Ils veulent trois tomates? = Non, ils en veulent cinq

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Indefinate articles un and une

Remember, the indefinite articles un and une are also numbers:

Example:

J'ai un frère = I have one brother

You can use en to represent the object of un or une.  In an infirmitive sentence, retain the number

Example:

J'en ai un = I have one

*** as with other numbers, in a negative sentence, the number is not retained***

Je n'en ai pas = I don't have one.

 

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En can also stand for a verbal expression with de.

En can also stand for a verbal expression with de.  In this case, en often means about it, for it, or from it

Examples:

Avez-vous la force de supporter ce chaos? = Non, j'en ai pas la force.

Tu es capable de manger tout le gâteau? = Non, j'en suis pas capable

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What does the pronoun y represent?

It often represents a location. 

Examples:

Nous allons en Côte d'Ivoire  = Nous y allons

Mon sac est dans ma chambre = Mon sac y est

J'habite à Ouagadougou = J'y habite

 

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