Fiches de Grammaire #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Fiches de Grammaire #3 Deck (12):

The imparfait:

irregular verbs

  • Irregular verbs follow the same pattern as regular verbs: j'allais, j'avais, je buvais, je faisais, je sortais etc.


Possessive Adjectives:

Unlike English, this is what French adjectives do

Unlike English, French possessive adjectives agree in gender and number with the object owned rather than the owner


Mon magazine (My magazine)

Ma band dessinée (My comic strip)

Mes journaux (My newspapers)


Possessive Adjectives:

Where are they placed

Possessive adjectives are placed before the nouns they modify


C'est ta radio? (Is that your radio)

Non, mais c'est ma télévision. (No, but that's my television)



What it is used for

  • The imparfait is used to talk about actions that took place repeatedly or habitually


  • When narrating a story in the past, the imparfait is used to set the scene, such as describing the weather, what was going on, the time frame, and so on.


  • The imparfait is used to describe states of min that continued over an unspecified period of time in the past



Verbs that end in -ger

The c in verbs that end in -cer

Verbs that end in -GER add an E before all endings except in the nous and vous form.

Similarly, the c in verbs that end in -CER becomes ç before all endings except in the nous and vous forms


je mangeais but nous mangions

ils commençait but vous commenciez



Possessive Adjectives:

Mon, Ton, Son

Use mon, ton, son before a feminine singular noun or adjective that begins with a vowel sound


mon amie Nathalie (my friend Nathalie)


ma meilleure amie Nathalie (my best friend Nathalie)


Son ancienne publicité (his/her/its former advertisement)


sa publicité (his/her/its advertisement)



Possessive Adjectives:

Notre and Votre

Nos and Vos

  • Notre and votre are used with singular nouns whether they are masc or fem
  • Regardless of gender, the plural forms of notre and votre are nos and vos


Notre neveu (My nephew)      Notre nièce (My niece)

Votre oncle (your uncle)          votre tante (your aunt)

nos cousins (our cousins)  nos cousines (female cousins)

vos frères (your brothers)         vos sœurs (your sisters)


Imparfait vs. Passé Composée

  • The imparfait and the passé composée are both used to talk about the past, but they are not interchangable.


  • Use passé composée to talk about completed actions or events in the past




Only the verb être is irregular in the imparfait

j'étais                                            nous étions

tu étais                                         vous étiez

il/elle était                                    ils/elles étaient


The imparfait: formation and uses

  • The imparfait is used to talk about what happened or describe conditions in the past


Ils regardaient le feuilleton tous les jours (they used to watch the soap opera every day)

  • to form the imparfait, drop the -ons from the nous form of the present tense, and add these endings

Je: ais                                            Tu: ais

Il/elle:  ait                                       Nous: ions

Vous: iez                                       Ils/Elles: aient


Possessive Adjectives:

When are they used?

What are they?

Possessive adjectives are used to express ownership and possession


mon, ma, mes (my)

ton, ta, tes (your)

son, sa, ses (his, her, it)

notre, notre, nos (our)

votre, votre, vos (your)

their (leur, leur, leurs)


Possessive Adjectives:

Son, Sa, Ses

The possessive adjectives son, sa, ses reflect the gender and number of the noun possed, not the owner.  Context should tell you whether they mean his or her


son père (his/her father)

sa mère (his/her mother)

ses parents (his/her parents)