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Flashcards in Heather Chapter 2 Deck (69):
1

Adverbs

[masc sing fom ends in -ent]

to form an adverb from an adjective whose masc. sing form ends in -ent replace the ending with -emment

Examples:

évident = évidemment

patient = patiemment

2

Adverbs 

[masc sing fom ends in -ant]

to form an adverb from an adjective whose masc. sing form ends in -ant replace the ending with -amment

Examples:

bruyant = bruyant = bruyamment

constant = constamment

3

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

assez

enough

4

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

autant

as/other than/equal to or larger than

5

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

beaucoup

many

6

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

le soutien

support

7

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

peu

little

8

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

rassembler

to gather

9

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

s'étendre

to spread

10

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

trop

too much/an excess

11

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

une fanfare

marching band

12

Categories of Adverbs [quantity]

une manifestation

demonstration

13

Categories of Adverbs:

[opinion]

heureusement

fortunately

14

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

beau

bel

15

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

fou

fol

16

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

malheureusement

unfortunately

17

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

nouveau

nouvel

18

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

peut- être

perhaps

19

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

probablement

probably

20

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

sans doute

no doubt

21

Desciptive Adjectives:

(Before Masc sign. with vowel)

vieux

vieil

22

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-et

ette

23

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-on

-onne

24

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

ending in -c

 

- che

25

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-el

-elle

26

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-en

-enne

27

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-et

-ète

28

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-er

ère

29

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-eau

-elle

30

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-x

-se

31

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

--f

-ve

32

Descriptive Adjectives and Adjective Agreements:

Masc to Fem

-s

-sse

33

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

doux

= douce

34

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

faux

fausse

35

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

favori

favorite

36

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

fou

folle

37

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

frais

fraîche

38

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

gentil

gentille

39

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

grec

grecque

40

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

long

longue

41

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

public

publique

42

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

roux

rousse

43

Feminine forms that differ considerably:

vieux

vieille

44

French adjectives placed BEFORE the noun they modify

autre, beau, bon, court, meilleur, premier, gentil

grand, gros, haute, nouveau, vieux

jeune, joli, long, mauvais, petit, vrai

45

Important rules to remember regarding reflexive verbs:

to emphasize that an action is reciprocal

Use l'un(e) l'autre and l'un(e) à l'autre, or their plural forms les un(e)s les autres and les un(e)s aux autres to emphasize that an action is reciprocal

Example:

Ils s'envoient des emails les uns aux autres

46

Important rules to remember regarding reflexive verbs:

Negative commands

For negative commands, begin with ne and place the reflexive pronoun right before the verb

Example:

Ne vous inquiétez pas

47

Reflexive Verbs without a reflexive Action:

se moquer de

to make fun of

48

Important rules to remember regarding reflexive verbs:

to form the affirmative

 

form the affirmitive by adding the reflexive pronoun at the end

Don't forget to change te to toi in affirmative commands

Example:

Habillons-nous!

 

49

Important rules to remember regarding reflexive verbs:

Most verbs to describe routine are reflexive

some verbs can be reflexive or non reflexive

In recipropcal reflexives, the pronoun means to each other or to one another.  Because two or more subjects are involved only plural verbs are used.

50

Masc sing. form of the adjective (adding ément)

A limited number of adverbs are formed by ément to the masc. sing form of the adjective.

If this form ends in a final silent e, drop it before adding the suffix

Examples:

confus = confusément (confusedly)

énorme = énormément (enormously)

précis = précisément (precisely)

profond = profondément (profoundly)

51

Non reflexive verbs that change meaning with a reflexive pronoun

(3)

mettre = to put se mettre à = to begin

servir = to serve; se servir de = to use

tromper - to deceive; se tromper = to be mistaken

52

Position of Adverbs

[passé compossé]

In the passé compossé, place short or common adverbs before the PP.

Place longer or less common adverbs after the PP

Examples:

Nous sommes déjà arrivés a la gare (we already arrived at the train station)

Vous avez vraiment compris des indications (Did you really understand his directions)

53

Position of Adverbs

[time and place]

[as an adverb]

- common adverbs of time and place typically follow the past participle

Examples:

Elle a commencé tôt ses devoirs (She started her homework early)

Nous ne sommes pas descendus ici (we did not get off here)

- In a few expressions, an adjective functions as an adverb.  Therefore, it is invariable.

coûter cher                                   sentrir mauvais/bon

parler bas/fort                              travailler du

54

Position of Adverbs [negative]

In negative sentences, the adverbs peut-être, sons doute, and probablement usually precede pas

Examples:

Elle n'est pas souvent chez elle (she is not often at home)

Elle n'a peut être pas lu ton email (she has probably not read your email)

55

Position of Adverbs:

(present, imparfait, future)

An adverb immediately follows the verb it modifies

Examples:

Gérard s'arrête tourjours au centre-ville (Gerald always stops downtown)

Il attend patiemment au feu (He waits patiently at the traffic light)

56

Reflexive Verbs without a reflexive action:

(There are 4)

se méfier de

se moquer de

se souvenir de

se taire

57

Reflexive Verbs without a reflexive Action:

se taire

to be quiet

58

Reflexive Verbs without a reflexive Action:

se mèfier de

to distrust

59

Reflexive Verbs without a reflexive Action:

se souvenir de

to remember

60

Vocabulaire de la lecture

une ambiance

atmosphere

61

Vocabulaire utile:

la batterie

 

drums

62

Vocabulaire utile:

se réunir

to get together

63

Vocabulaire utile:

un défilè

parade

64

Vocabulaire utile:

un feu d'artifice

fireworks display

65

Vocabulaire utile:

un fête foraine

carnival

66

Vocabulaire utile:

un violon

violin

67

Vocabulaire utile:

une foire

fair

68

Vocabulaire utile:

unir

to unite

69

 

Descriptive adjectives and adjective agreement:

adjectives whose mas. sign. form ends in -eur

adjectives whose mas. sign. form ends in -eur generally  derive one of 3 feminine forms:

1. the adjective is derived from a verb -eur = -euse

2. the adjective is not directly derived from a verb -eur = -rice

3. the adjective expresses better or worse -eur=

-eure