5.3 (Order of Pronouns) Flashcards Preview

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French Sentences may contain more than one object

Le politicien explique (The politician explains)

ses principes (his principles) Direct Object

au reporter (to the reporter) Indirect Object

 

  • you can replace multiple objects with multiple object pronouns.  Use the same pronouns you would use if there was only one object

Examples:

Il les explique au reporter

Il lui explique ses principles

= Il les lui explique (He explains them to him)

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When there is more than one pronoun, they are placed in this order

me, te, se, nous, vous

BEFORE

le, la, les, l'

BEFORE

lui, leur

BEFORE

y

BEFORE

en

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When there is more than one pronoun (examples)

1. Le guide montre la sculpture aux touristes (The guide shows the sculpture to the tourists)

= Il la leur montre (He shows it to them)

2. Qui s'occupe des réservations (Who is taking care of the reservations)

= Hubert s'en occupe

 

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Double Object Pronouns

Double object pronouns are placed in the same position relative to verbs as single object pronouns

 

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Pronouns in Simple Tenses (the present, the imparfait, and the future)

In simple tenses, such as the present, the imparfait, and the future, pronouns are placed in front of the verb.

Examples:

1.  Il apporte le courrier à Mme Delorme (he brings the male to Mme Delorme)
=

Il le lui apporte (he brings it to her)

2.  J'attendrai Jules à la gare (I will wait for Jules at the station)

=

Je l'y attendrai (I will wait for him there)

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Pronouns in compound tenses (such as the passé compossé and the plus-que-parfait)

In compound tenses, such as the passé compossé and the plus-que-parfait, pronouns are placed in front of the helping verb

Examples:

1.  On nous a parlé du patrimoine culturel (they spoke to us about the cultural heritage) =

On nous en a parlé (They spoke to us about it)

2.  Vous aviez rendu les passeports aux voyageurs (You had returned the passports to the travelers) =

Vous les leur aviez rendus (You had returned them to them)

 

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Pronouns when there is more than one verb

When there is more than one verb, the pronouns are usually placed in front of the second verb, typically an infinitive

Examples:

1.  Tu vas offrir un biscuit aux enfants? (are you going to buy the children a cookie?) =

Tu vas leur en offrir un? (are you going to buy them one)

2.  Je voudrais poser cette question au prof (I would like to ask the professor this question) =

Je voudrais la lui poser

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When negating sentences with pronouns in simple tenses

Place ne in front of the pronouns and pas after the verb

Il ne le lui apporte pas

9

When negating sentences with pronouns in compound tenses

Place ne ... pas around the pronouns and the helping verb.  

On ne nous en a pas parlé

 

10

Negation: when there is more than one verb

ne...pas is usually placed around the first verb

Je ne voudrais pas la lui poser

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Object Pronouns in Affirmative Commands:

The order of object pronouns is different in affirmative commands.  

Notice that hyphens are placed between the verb and the pronouns

 

le, la, les       BEFORE     moi, toi, lui, nous, vous, leur

BEFORE     y   BEFORE    en

Examples:

Apportez le courrier à Mme Delorme! =  Bring the mail to Mrs. Delorme!

Apportez-le-lui! = Bring it to her

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Order of Object pronouns

le, la, les       BEFORE     moi, toi, lui, nous, vous, leur

BEFORE     y   BEFORE    en


Examples:

Apportez le courrier à Mme Delorme! =  Bring the mail to Mrs. Delorme!

Apportez-le-lui! = Bring it to her

Racontez l'histoire aux gamins = Tell the story to the kids

Racontez-la-leur = Tell it to them

 

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Object Pronouns in negative commands: 

me and te

Notice that me and te become moi and toi.  They revert to m' and t' before y or en

Example:

Parle-moi de ta vie = Talk to me about your life

Parle-m'en = Talk to me about it

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The order of pronouns in negative commands

The order of pronouns in negative commands is the same as in affirmative statements. 

Compare these sentences:

Dis-le-lui = tell it to him!

Ne le lui dis pas! = Don't tell it to him!

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