5.1 (Partitives) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 5.1 (Partitives) Deck (31):
1

Partitives: What do they correspond to in English

They usually correspond to some or any in English.

(refer to uncountable items or mass nouns)

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une tasse de

a cup of

3

un litre de

a litter of 

4

trop de

too much of

5

Partitives:

 

de + les = 

des

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Partitives: the article des

Can function as either a plural indefinite or a plural partitive article, depending on whether the nouns can be counted

Countable:

Nous visiterons des musées à Dakar

(We will visit some museums in Dakar)

 

Uncountable:

Nous avons mangé des påtes

(We ate some pasta)

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beaucoup de

a lot of

8

No articles are used with these two terms

quelques 

plusieurs

Examples:

Ils ont mentionné quelques incertitudes

(they mentioned a few uncertainties)

 

On utilise plusieurs langues officielles

(we use several official languages)

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Partitives: Some nouns can be countable or mass nouns, depending on the context

Compare these sentences

Elle prend un café

= she's having a (cup of) coffee

BUT

Elle prend du café

= She's having some coffee

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Partitives: for expressions of quality

Use de with most expressions of quantity

 

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Partitives:

de + l' =

de l'

12

une boîte de

a can/box of

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la plupart des 

most of

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un verre de

a glass of 

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Common expressions of quanitity

(Which use de)

(There are 12)

assez de                                    un paquet de

beaucoup de                            (un) peu de

une boîte de                              un tas de

une bouteille de                       une tasse de

un kilo de                                  trop de

un litre de                                  un verre de

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un tas de

a cup of

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Des: Important rule to remember

Remember that des changes to de before an adjective followed by a noun

Example:

Ils préfèrent embaucher de jeunes travailleurs

(They prefer to hire young workers)

18

Partitives: How are they formed?

formed by combining de with the definite articles le, la, l' and les

*notice that de contracts with le and les

de + le = du

de + la = de la

de + l' = de l'

de + les = des

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une bouteille de

a bottle of

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(un) peu de

few/ (a) little of

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Partitives:

de + le = 

du

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Des (when used with expressions of quantity)

(3)

Bien des 

la moitié des

la plupart des

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bien des

many

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un paquet de

a package of

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Assez de

Enough 

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Partitives: In a negative sentence

all partitive articles become de/ d'

Examples:

Les émigrès n'ont plus de travail.

(The emmigrants no longer have any work)

 

Le météo n'a pas prédit de pluie

(the forecast didn't predict (any) rain

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Partitives:

de + la = 

de la

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Unlike in English, the partitive must be used

Cet écrivan a du courage

= that writer has (some) courage

 

Elle lui a montré de la compréhension?

= Did she show her (any) understanding

 

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la moitié des

half of

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Partitives: When are they used?

when you want to talk about part of something

 

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un kilo de

a kilogram of