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Flashcards in 5-3, 5-4 Deck (44):
0

To add a new amendment to the Constitution, what are the two proposal options?

A two thirds vote of both houses of Congress; or a Constitutional convention called by Congress on petition of two thirds of the 50 states

1

To add an amendment to the Constitution, what are the two ratification options?

Three-fourths of the 50 states legislatures or three- fourths of special constitutional conventions called by the 50 states

2

What are the five major principles of the government?

Popular sovereignty; limited government and rule of law; separation of powers; checks and balances; federalism

3

Limits the power of government– power is divided between the national government and the states. Some powers are also shared.

Federalism

4

Each branch can limit the power of the other two branches

Checks and balances

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Divides the government into three branches

Separation of power

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The idea that the government can only do with the people allow it to do; the law applies to everyone

Limited government and rule of law

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The idea that the government comes from the people

Popular Sovereignty

8

What are the three main parts of the Constitution

The preamble, articles, amendments

9

What does the preamble state?

It states the purposes of the Constitution

10

What are the six purposes of the preamble?

To unite the states, to make sure people are treated equally, to keep peace and order and protect the citizens, to defend the country from attack, to help the people live healthy and happy lives, to guarantee people's basic rights

11

What are articles, how many are there, and what do they describe?

Articles are sections; there are seven articles; they describe how the government is to be set up

12

What is Article l?

Article l describes the legislative branch, or Congress

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What is Article ll?

Article ll describes the executive branch.

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What is Article lll?

Article lll describes the judicial branch

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This branch has the power to make laws, the lawmaking branch of government

Legislative branch

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This branch carries out the laws and makes sure laws are obeyed

Executive branch

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Branch of government that interprets laws and sees that they are fairly applied. This branch is made up of the Supreme Court and lower courts

Judicial Branch

18

What is the main purpose of The Constitution?

To provide a plan of government

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The head of the judicial branch

Supreme Court

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Decide what laws mean, and make sure laws are enforced fairly

Interpret

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Article lll Also describes

Cases the courts may hear

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The rest of the articles state what?

Explain the relationship between the states and the federal government and they also tell how the constitution can be changed

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Changes that have been added over time

Amendments

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How many amendments are there?

27

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The first 10 amendments are the

Bill of Rights

26

The writers of the Constitution new that changing the Constitution would have a major effect on the government. However they wanted to make sure it could be changed when people demanded it. What are the two steps of the process of amending, or changing the Constitution?

First, an amendment must be proposed, and then it must be ratified

27

Amendments that are in the constitution are called

"Formal" amendments

28

Who assumed, or excepted, the powers of the president as authorized by the Constitution after William Henry Harrison died?

John Tyler

29

John Tyler took the presidential oath which meant he was president, not just acting president. His action became an

Informal amendment

30

In 1967 the ____ amendment was ratified. It made Tyler's action a formal part of the Constitution.

25th

31

What is the amendment process?

Two thirds of Congress votes to propose an amendment and then lawmakers and citizens debate the amendment then three fourths of states vote to approve the amendment

32

The Constitution gives Congress the power to make all laws that are

"Necessary and proper"

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The Constitution allows Congress to use

Powers that are not directly used in the Constitution.

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Powers that are not directly used in the Constitution.

Implied powers

35

Regulating, or controlling, air pollution is an example of an

Implied power

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Basic beliefs that guide people's lives

Principles

37

The Constitution ensures, or guarantees, _______________by giving citizens the right to vote

Popular sovereignty

38

All elected officials have to answer to

The people who put them in positions of power

39

The writers of the Constitution did not

Want the government to have to much power

40

The Constitution states what the _______________ and ______________ may and may not do

Federal government; the states

41

What is the reason the writers of the Constitution put checks and balances into the Constitution?

The writers of the Constitution feared that one branch could still control the other after separation of powers

42

What are ways that each branch can limit the power of the other two branches?

Different tasks are assigned to different branches of government

43

A Bill passed by Congress must be signed by the president but they can veto, or refuse, to sign the bill. This veto is a check on ___________ power. How can Congress override the veto? What is the check on then?

Legislative; if two-thirds of Congress vote to override it. This is a check on executive power.