6-1 Flashcards Preview

Civics 1st Semester > 6-1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6-1 Deck (27):
0

The freedom to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment

Civil liberty

1

The right to say our opinions, and public or in private, without fear of being stopped or punished by the government for those ideas

Free speech

2

The banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas they contain

Censorship

3

A formal request for government action

Petition

4

Spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation

Slander

5

Written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation

Libel

6

What does the First Amendment allow us to do?

It allows us to follow our own beliefs and express ourselves freely

7

What are the five basic freedoms in the First Amendment?

(RAPPS) freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of press, freedom to petition, and freedom of speech

8

What are the two ways the First Amendment protects freedom of religion?

It says that Congress cannot establish, or support, any religion as the official faith of the United States and people have the right to practice their faith the way they want.

9

The right that stops the government from establishing a state religion is called

The establishment clause

10

Who called the establishment clause a "wall of separation between church and state"?

Thomas Jefferson

11

What country has a official religion? What country puts limits on religion?

Iran and Egypt; China

12

Who made freedom of religion a basic right for everyone in Pennsylvania?

William Penn

13

What state made a law that allowed people in the colony to follow any Christian faith?

Maryland

14

The right to state our opinions, in public or in private, without fear of being punished by the government.

Freedom of speech

15

Who criticized the governor of New York in his newspaper?

John Peter Zenger

16

Who argued that only a press is free to criticize the government and can keep that government from misusing its power?

Zenger's lawyer, Andrew Hamilton

17

Right that the government cannot censor news reports

Freedom of the press

18

Americans have a chance to hear range of views on public issues because of

Freedom of the press

19

Protects our right to gather in groups for any reason, as long as the groups are peaceful.

Freedom of assembly

20

The government has the power to make rules about ___________ and _____________ these activities are held. It cannot _________ them though.

When; where; ban

21

This right includes the freedom of association which means

Freedom of assembly; protects the right to form and join clubs, political parties, labor unions, and other groups

22

Gives the right to express ourselves to the government by sending petitions

Freedom to petition

23

How are Americans' rights to express themselves protected by the First Amendment?

Americans have civil liberties, they can express themselves by their religion, speech, press, assembly, or petition

24

Citizens can exercise their own individual rights, but they should not interfere with the ________________.

Rights of others

25

You have the right to ____________, but you do not have the right to ____________.

Criticize public officials; spread lies that will harm a person's reputation.

26

No person has the right to speak or write in a way that ____________. Also, people do not have the right to make a speech that will lead to efforts to ____________. These kinds of speech are illegal.

Directly leads to criminal acts; overthrow the government by force