Flashcards in 6-1 Deck (27):
The freedom to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
The right to say our opinions, and public or in private, without fear of being stopped or punished by the government for those ideas
The banning of printed materials or films due to alarming or offensive ideas they contain
A formal request for government action
Spoken untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
Written untruths that are harmful to someone's reputation
What does the First Amendment allow us to do?
It allows us to follow our own beliefs and express ourselves freely
What are the five basic freedoms in the First Amendment?
(RAPPS) freedom of religion, freedom of assembly, freedom of press, freedom to petition, and freedom of speech
What are the two ways the First Amendment protects freedom of religion?
It says that Congress cannot establish, or support, any religion as the official faith of the United States and people have the right to practice their faith the way they want.
The right that stops the government from establishing a state religion is called
The establishment clause
Who called the establishment clause a "wall of separation between church and state"?
What country has a official religion? What country puts limits on religion?
Iran and Egypt; China
Who made freedom of religion a basic right for everyone in Pennsylvania?
What state made a law that allowed people in the colony to follow any Christian faith?
The right to state our opinions, in public or in private, without fear of being punished by the government.
Freedom of speech
Who criticized the governor of New York in his newspaper?
John Peter Zenger
Who argued that only a press is free to criticize the government and can keep that government from misusing its power?
Zenger's lawyer, Andrew Hamilton
Right that the government cannot censor news reports
Freedom of the press
Americans have a chance to hear range of views on public issues because of
Freedom of the press
Protects our right to gather in groups for any reason, as long as the groups are peaceful.
Freedom of assembly
The government has the power to make rules about ___________ and _____________ these activities are held. It cannot _________ them though.
When; where; ban
This right includes the freedom of association which means
Freedom of assembly; protects the right to form and join clubs, political parties, labor unions, and other groups
Gives the right to express ourselves to the government by sending petitions
Freedom to petition
How are Americans' rights to express themselves protected by the First Amendment?
Americans have civil liberties, they can express themselves by their religion, speech, press, assembly, or petition
Citizens can exercise their own individual rights, but they should not interfere with the ________________.
Rights of others
You have the right to ____________, but you do not have the right to ____________.
Criticize public officials; spread lies that will harm a person's reputation.