Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (73):
A person who moves permanently to a new country
A group of people who have the same race, culture, or nationality
The principles or believes people use to make judgments and decisions
An important practice, relationship, or organization
Idea that government gets its power from the people
The ruling authority for a group of people
A person who is loyal to a government and is protected by that government
The study of the rights and duties of citizens
The rights and duties of citizens
A legal process to become a citizen
A person who lives in a country in which he or she was not born
A person who flees his or her country to escape danger
An obligation that we meet of our own free will
A thing we are required to perform
Respecting and accepting others
Health, wealth, and happiness
Giving one's time and services to others without expecting payment
The decisions and actions a government takes to solve problems
A government in which people choose leaders to represent them
A government in which the power of the monarch is limited by a Constitution
Democratic principle that says a majority of the people has the power to make laws binding on all the people
A government in which one person or a small group holds all the power
A system in which government controls people's lives
A set of ideas about life and society
Almost all the people in the United States come from families who ___________________.
Once lived in another country
Between 1830 and 1930 about ____ Million immigrants came to the United States and was a __________________ in immigration
40; Big increase
In the mid-1800s, People began moving from the ___________ to the ___________
By 2040 most of the population will be ___________, ___________, and ___________.
African American; Asian; Hispanic
What are two American documents that reflect important American values?
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence
The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence gives Americans a ______________________.
Common civic and political heritage
In ___________ the people choose their leaders
Explain Thomas Jefferson's words: "whenever the people are well–informed, they can be trusted with their own government."
Thomas Jefferson words meant to have an effective government, citizens must understand the rights and responsibilities.
What are some political ideas we took from ancient Greece and Rome?
Citizenship and government
What is a "natural born" citizen?
Any person born in any of the 50 states, the district of Columbia, or on the American territory
What are the five requirements that must be met before beginning the naturalization process?
1. ___ years or older
2. Resident of the ___ for ___ years
3. Can read, write, and speak _______
4. Have a good __________.
5. Understand __________.
18; US; 5; English; moral character; US civics
People can be natural born citizens if they are
1. Born in ___________, American ___________, or overseas ___________.
2. Born on US soil – parents are not ___________.
3. Born outside US but both parents are ___________.
4. Born outside US but one parent ___________ in US
America; territory; US military base; citizens; citizens through blood; lived
Voting ensures that leadership in the USA is __________.
Voting in political elections is a ___________ and a ___________ as citizens
Between 1830 and 1890, the number immigrants to North American _____________.
A constitutional monarchy is what form of government?
What are the three ways an American can lose their citizenship?
Expatriation, denaturalization, being convicted of certain crimes
What do citizens have to do in order to put into practice the principle of "consent of the governed?"
Stay informed and vote
The five steps and the naturalization process is complete an ___________, An official talks to the applicant to make sure the person ___________, Take a ___________, Have a ___________, Sign a ___________.
Application; meets all five requirements; Citizen exam; special ceremony; document
What is the legal duty for an American man between the ages of 18-25?
To register with the government for military service
Today the military of the USA is made up of __________.
According to the principal of ___________, when differences of opinion arise, citizens abide by what most people want.
What is the legal duty for children between the ages of 7-16?
Serving as a witness in a jury trial is a ___________.
Which volunteer group works primarily on issues of education, public safety, health, and the environment?
And what way did the American population change in the mid-to-late 1800s?
People began to work on factories rather than on farms
How does the federal government pay for national defense?
Government protection of consumer rights is an example of ___________.
Aliens who stay in the country longer than their legally allowed limit are ___________.
Which of the following may illegal aliens do?
Receive government services
Which of the following is a right of legal aliens?
The right to own property
Is illegal aliens are discovered they can be ___________ and ___________.
Which of the following scenarios may a person gain US citizenship by naturalization?
A person with no US ties immigrates.
What form of government is the political power exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives?
All citizens have a chance to participate. People directly control and are responsible for the laws that govern their society.
Form of government in which people elect leaders to write and manage the laws for the country. These leaders are responsible for representing the will of the people are elected at regular intervals.
A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, and emperor, etc.
Power is not inherited but usually it was acquired by force. Has absolute control over life of his citizens. Opposition is usually suppressed and people are prevented from voicing their opinions.
Rule by a king, and he usually gains his power because his parents were rulers also. Also applies to queens. Some have constitutions, while others do not.
Kim Jong il in North Korea is an example of a ___________.
Queen Elizabeth in England is an example of a ___________.
Ruled by god or higher power. Religious leaders usually lead the society and religious law is used to settle disputes and rule the people.
The Islamic Republic of Iran and is an example of a ___________.
"Rule by the few." A few people hold all the power based on military strength (known as a military junta), family power (an aristocracy), or religious force (a theocratic oligarchy). Can also come from or lead to other forms of government like monarchies and dictatorships.
Form of government in which no one is in charge
An economic system when the government regulates the economy.
A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.
Government leaves the economy up to the people to control.