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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (73):
0

A person who moves permanently to a new country

Immigrant

1

A group of people who have the same race, culture, or nationality

Ethnic group

2

The principles or believes people use to make judgments and decisions

Values

3

An important practice, relationship, or organization

Institution

4

Idea that government gets its power from the people

Popular sovereignty

5

The ruling authority for a group of people

Government

6

A person who is loyal to a government and is protected by that government

Citizen

7

The study of the rights and duties of citizens

Civics

8

The rights and duties of citizens

Citizenship

9

A legal process to become a citizen

Naturalization

10

A person who lives in a country in which he or she was not born

Alien

11

A person who flees his or her country to escape danger

Refugee

12

An obligation that we meet of our own free will

Responsibility

13

A thing we are required to perform

Duty

14

Respecting and accepting others

Tolerance

15

Health, wealth, and happiness

Welfare

16

Giving one's time and services to others without expecting payment

Volunteerism

17

The decisions and actions a government takes to solve problems

Public policy

18

A government in which people choose leaders to represent them

Representative democracy

19

A government in which the power of the monarch is limited by a Constitution

Constitutional monarchy

20

Democratic principle that says a majority of the people has the power to make laws binding on all the people

Majority rule

21

A government in which one person or a small group holds all the power

Authoritarian regime

22

A system in which government controls people's lives

Totalitarian

23

A set of ideas about life and society

Ideology

24

Almost all the people in the United States come from families who ___________________.

Once lived in another country

25

Between 1830 and 1930 about ____ Million immigrants came to the United States and was a __________________ in immigration

40; Big increase

26

In the mid-1800s, People began moving from the ___________ to the ___________

Country; city

27

By 2040 most of the population will be ___________, ___________, and ___________.

African American; Asian; Hispanic

28

What are two American documents that reflect important American values?

The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence

29

The Constitution and the Declaration of Independence gives Americans a ______________________.

Common civic and political heritage

30

In ___________ the people choose their leaders

Popular sovereignty

31

Explain Thomas Jefferson's words: "whenever the people are well–informed, they can be trusted with their own government."

Thomas Jefferson words meant to have an effective government, citizens must understand the rights and responsibilities.

32

What are some political ideas we took from ancient Greece and Rome?

Citizenship and government

33

What is a "natural born" citizen?

Any person born in any of the 50 states, the district of Columbia, or on the American territory

34

What are the five requirements that must be met before beginning the naturalization process?
1. ___ years or older
2. Resident of the ___ for ___ years
3. Can read, write, and speak _______
4. Have a good __________.
5. Understand __________.

18; US; 5; English; moral character; US civics

35

People can be natural born citizens if they are
1. Born in ___________, American ___________, or overseas ___________.
2. Born on US soil – parents are not ___________.
3. Born outside US but both parents are ___________.
4. Born outside US but one parent ___________ in US

America; territory; US military base; citizens; citizens through blood; lived

36

Voting ensures that leadership in the USA is __________.

Fair

37

Voting in political elections is a ___________ and a ___________ as citizens

Duty; responsibility

38

Between 1830 and 1890, the number immigrants to North American _____________.

Increased sharply

39

A constitutional monarchy is what form of government?

Autocracy

40

What are the three ways an American can lose their citizenship?

Expatriation, denaturalization, being convicted of certain crimes

41

What do citizens have to do in order to put into practice the principle of "consent of the governed?"

Stay informed and vote

42

The five steps and the naturalization process is complete an ___________, An official talks to the applicant to make sure the person ___________, Take a ___________, Have a ___________, Sign a ___________.

Application; meets all five requirements; Citizen exam; special ceremony; document

43

What is the legal duty for an American man between the ages of 18-25?

To register with the government for military service

44

Today the military of the USA is made up of __________.

All volunteers

45

According to the principal of ___________, when differences of opinion arise, citizens abide by what most people want.

Majority rules

46

What is the legal duty for children between the ages of 7-16?

Attending school

47

Serving as a witness in a jury trial is a ___________.

Duty

48

Which volunteer group works primarily on issues of education, public safety, health, and the environment?

AmeriCorps

49

And what way did the American population change in the mid-to-late 1800s?

People began to work on factories rather than on farms

50

How does the federal government pay for national defense?

Collect taxes

51

Government protection of consumer rights is an example of ___________.

Public policy

52

Aliens who stay in the country longer than their legally allowed limit are ___________.

Illegal aliens

53

Which of the following may illegal aliens do?

Receive government services

54

Which of the following is a right of legal aliens?

The right to own property

55

Is illegal aliens are discovered they can be ___________ and ___________.

Arrested; deported

56

Which of the following scenarios may a person gain US citizenship by naturalization?

A person with no US ties immigrates.

57

What form of government is the political power exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives?

Democracy

58

All citizens have a chance to participate. People directly control and are responsible for the laws that govern their society.

Direct democracy

59

Form of government in which people elect leaders to write and manage the laws for the country. These leaders are responsible for representing the will of the people are elected at regular intervals.

Representative democracy

60

A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, and emperor, etc.

Autocracy

61

Power is not inherited but usually it was acquired by force. Has absolute control over life of his citizens. Opposition is usually suppressed and people are prevented from voicing their opinions.

Dictatorship

62

Rule by a king, and he usually gains his power because his parents were rulers also. Also applies to queens. Some have constitutions, while others do not.

Monarchy

63

Kim Jong il in North Korea is an example of a ___________.

Dictatorship

64

Queen Elizabeth in England is an example of a ___________.

Monarchy

65

Ruled by god or higher power. Religious leaders usually lead the society and religious law is used to settle disputes and rule the people.

Theocracy

66

The Islamic Republic of Iran and is an example of a ___________.

Modern theocracy

67

"Rule by the few." A few people hold all the power based on military strength (known as a military junta), family power (an aristocracy), or religious force (a theocratic oligarchy). Can also come from or lead to other forms of government like monarchies and dictatorships.

Oligarchy

68

Form of government in which no one is in charge

Anarchy

69

An economic system when the government regulates the economy.

Socialism

70

A system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single, often authoritarian party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people.

Communism

71

Government leaves the economy up to the people to control.

Capitalism

72

A small group that rules a country after taking over by force.

Junta