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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (32):
0

A law, usually of a city or country

Ordinance

1

A form of government in which power is divided between the federal or national government and the states

Federalism

2

A clause stating that the Constitution and other laws and treaties made by the national government are "the supreme law of the land"

Supremacy clause

3

Powers shared by the state and federal government

Concurrent powers

4

Powers the Constitution does not give to the federal government; power set aside for the states

Reserved powers

5

Powers directly granted to the national government by the Constitution

Enumerated powers

6

A system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of others

Checks and Balances

7

The split of authority among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches

Separation of powers

8

The principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern

Rule of law

9

A government that can do only what the people allow it to

Limited government

10

The idea that power lies with the people

Popular sovereignty

11

The branch of government that interprets laws

Judicial branch

12

The branch of government that carries out laws

Executive branch

13

The lawmaking branch of government

Legislative branch

14

Any change in the Constitution

Amendment

15

One of several main parts of the Constitution

Article

16

The opening section of the Constitution

Preamble

17

A person who opposed ratification of the Constitution

Anti-Federalist

18

A series of essays written to defend the Constitution

The Federalist papers

19

A supporter of the Constitution

Federalist

20

A group of people named by each state legislator to select the President and the Vice President

Electoral college

21

Agreement providing that enslaved persons will count as 3/5 of other persons in determining representation in Congress

Three-Fifths Compromise

22

Agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation

Great compromise

23

Meetings of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of a new Constitution

Constitutional convention

24

An uprising of Massachusetts farmers who did not want to lose their farms because of debt caused by heavy state taxes after the American Revolution

Shays rebellion

25

1787 law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory and a plan for admitting new states to the Union

Northwest ordinance

26

A law that set up a plan for surveying Western lands

Ordinance of 1785

27

To vote approval of

Ratify

28

The first Constitution of the United States

Articles of Confederation

29

A group of individuals or state governments

Confederation

30

A detailed, written plan for government

Constitution

31

A legislator consisting of two parts or houses

Bicameral