Flashcards in 6-3 Deck (22):
Laws from after the Civil War that kept African Americans from holding certain jobs, gave them few property rights, and limited their rights in other ways.
The right to vote
A sum of money required of voters before they are permitted to cast a ballot.
What caused the Civil War?
When 11 Southern states tried to leave the union and form a new country
Who fought in the Civil War and what was the outcome?
The southern states and the northern states; The South had lost and slavery had been eliminated, or taken away
When were African-Americans able to enjoy the rights guaranteed by the Civil War amendments?
The first Civil War amendments
The 13th amendment
What did the 13th amendment do?
Outlawed slavery and banned forced labor (except as a punishment for committing a crime)
After the 13th amendment was approved, ________________.
Many Southern states soon passed laws known as black codes
This amendment defined an American citizen as "anyone born or naturalized in the United States." Which included most African-Americans.
The 14th amendment
What does the due process clause protect?
Free speech and free press from state law. It requires states to respect these First Amendment rights.
Florida was the __________ state that seceded from the Union to found the Confederacy.
What case affected the Supreme Court and the 14th amendment to apply other rights in the Bill of Rights to states?
Gitlow vs. New York case
What does the 15th amendment say?
That no state may deny a person the right to vote because of race (this amendment was meant to guarantee suffrage for African-Americans)
What are the Civil War amendments?
The 13th amendment, the 14th amendment, and the 15th amendment
Says that members of the House of Representatives shall be elected by the people and calls for members of the Senate to be chosen by the state legislators.
What did the 17th amendment do?
Allows voters to elect their senators directly and gave Americans a greater voice in the government.
What did the 19th amendment do?
Protected the right of women to vote in all national and state elections.
What did the 23rd amendment do?
Said that people in the district may vote for president and vice president. It gave the district the same number of electoral votes as a smallest state. District residents still do not have a voting representative in Congress.
The 24th amendment do?
Made poll taxes illegal in national elections. Two years later, the Supreme Court banned poll taxes in state elections too.
What did the 26th amendment do?
At the time when many young Americans were fighting in the Vietnam War, it guaranteed the right to vote to citizens 18 years of age and older.