Flashcards in 6-2 Deck (43):
A person officially charged with a crime
A strong reason to think that a person or property was involved in a crime
A court order allowing police to search property and seize evidence
A document issued by a grand jury to charge someone with a crime
Putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously found innocent
Giving evidence about yourself that could lead to you being found guilty of a crime
Following established legal procedures
The right of the government to take private property – usually land – for public use
A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person who is released from jail returns for his or her trial
The fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth amendments protect the
Rights of the accused
The ______ amendment protects us against"unreasonable searches and seizures"
In order to do a search for evidence they must get approval from a judge to issue a
The _______ amendment states that no one can be tried for a serious crime without an indictment
Members of the grand jury first review all the evidence against an accused person before deciding to
Indict him or her
Someone who was indicted is not necessarily ____________. This document simply states the grand jury's belief that
Guilty; He or she may have carried out a crime. A trial will decide
The ______ amendment prevents putting people on trial more than once for the same crime
The ______ amendment also protects an accused person's right to remain silent.
The _____ amendment states that no one may be denied life, liberty, or property "without due process of law."
Includes the idea that the laws to be followed must be reasonable
The ______ amendment limits the government's power of eminent domain.
The _____ amendment requires that the accused must clearly be told what the charges against them are.
The _______ amendment also covers trials. It requires that the accused be allowed a trial by jury, although he or she choose to be tried only a judge
If the person asks for a jury trial, the trial must be
Speedy and held in public
The ______ amendment allows an accused person to have the right to hear and question all witnesses against him or her. Also must be allowed to call witnesses.
The _______ amendment allows an accused person the right to a lawyer. The Supreme Court has said that when an accused can't afford a lawyer, the government must pay for one.
The _____ amendment gives the accused the right to have the choice to remain free by paying bail.
The eighth amendment, however, forbids
"Excessive bail" – An amount that is too high
The _____ amendment protects the guilty from a punishment that is too harsh. It also bars fines from being too high.
The _____ amendment also forbids "cruel and unusual punishments."
The _____ amendment says this: a well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed
The court stated that the ______ amendment means that individuals have a constitutional right to keep firearms in their homes for personal safety.
Courts have generally ruled that the government can pass laws to control
The ______ amendment bans the requirement for people to shelter soldiers in their homes without permission of the homeowner.
Lawsuits that arise when people's rights are in conflict
The _____ amendment concerned civil cases.
The _____ amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in most of these disputes heard in the federal courts.
The amendment also sets separate roles for judges and juries in these cases.
Has the duty to solve issues of law.
Listens to evidence and considers the facts presented. Then a jury must then draw reasonable conclusions to reach a verdict, or decision. If both parties agree, the trial can be held without a______. When this happens, a ______ hears the evidence and decides the case.
Jury; jury; judge
The ______ amendment states that all other rights not spelled out in the Constitution are retained, or kept, by the people.
The _____ amendment prevents the government from claiming that the only rights people have are those listed in the Bill of Rights.
The ______ amendment recognizes that the power of the federal government is limited.