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Flashcards in 6-2 Deck (43):
0

A person officially charged with a crime

Accused

1

A strong reason to think that a person or property was involved in a crime

Probable cause

2

A court order allowing police to search property and seize evidence

Search warrant

3

A document issued by a grand jury to charge someone with a crime

Indictment

4

Putting someone on trial for a crime of which he or she was previously found innocent

Double Jeopardy

5

Giving evidence about yourself that could lead to you being found guilty of a crime

Self-incrimination

6

Following established legal procedures

Due process

7

The right of the government to take private property – usually land – for public use

Eminent domain

8

A sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person who is released from jail returns for his or her trial

Bail

9

The fourth, fifth, sixth, and eighth amendments protect the

Rights of the accused

10

The ______ amendment protects us against"unreasonable searches and seizures"

4th

11

In order to do a search for evidence they must get approval from a judge to issue a

Search warrant

12

The _______ amendment states that no one can be tried for a serious crime without an indictment

5th

13

Members of the grand jury first review all the evidence against an accused person before deciding to

Indict him or her

14

Someone who was indicted is not necessarily ____________. This document simply states the grand jury's belief that

Guilty; He or she may have carried out a crime. A trial will decide

15

The ______ amendment prevents putting people on trial more than once for the same crime

5th

16

The ______ amendment also protects an accused person's right to remain silent.

5th

17

The _____ amendment states that no one may be denied life, liberty, or property "without due process of law."

5th

18

Includes the idea that the laws to be followed must be reasonable

Due process

19

The ______ amendment limits the government's power of eminent domain.

5th

20

The _____ amendment requires that the accused must clearly be told what the charges against them are.

6th

21

The _______ amendment also covers trials. It requires that the accused be allowed a trial by jury, although he or she choose to be tried only a judge

6th

22

If the person asks for a jury trial, the trial must be

Speedy and held in public

23

The ______ amendment allows an accused person to have the right to hear and question all witnesses against him or her. Also must be allowed to call witnesses.

6th

24

The _______ amendment allows an accused person the right to a lawyer. The Supreme Court has said that when an accused can't afford a lawyer, the government must pay for one.

6th

25

The _____ amendment gives the accused the right to have the choice to remain free by paying bail.

8th

26

The eighth amendment, however, forbids

"Excessive bail" – An amount that is too high

27

The _____ amendment protects the guilty from a punishment that is too harsh. It also bars fines from being too high.

8th

28

The _____ amendment also forbids "cruel and unusual punishments."

8th

29

The _____ amendment says this: a well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed

2nd

30

The court stated that the ______ amendment means that individuals have a constitutional right to keep firearms in their homes for personal safety.

2nd

31

Courts have generally ruled that the government can pass laws to control

Gun ownership

32

The ______ amendment bans the requirement for people to shelter soldiers in their homes without permission of the homeowner.

3rd

33

Lawsuits that arise when people's rights are in conflict

Civil cases

34

The _____ amendment concerned civil cases.

7th

35

The _____ amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in most of these disputes heard in the federal courts.

7th

36

The amendment also sets separate roles for judges and juries in these cases.

7th

37

Has the duty to solve issues of law.

Judge

38

Listens to evidence and considers the facts presented. Then a jury must then draw reasonable conclusions to reach a verdict, or decision. If both parties agree, the trial can be held without a______. When this happens, a ______ hears the evidence and decides the case.

Jury; jury; judge

39

The ______ amendment states that all other rights not spelled out in the Constitution are retained, or kept, by the people.

9th

40

The _____ amendment prevents the government from claiming that the only rights people have are those listed in the Bill of Rights.

9th

41

The ______ amendment recognizes that the power of the federal government is limited.

10th

42

The _____ amendment states that any powers the Constitution does not specifically give to the federal government belongs to the states or to the people

10th