Semester Exam 1-3 Flashcards Preview

Civics 1st Semester > Semester Exam 1-3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Semester Exam 1-3 Deck (28):
0

What are the two ways to be a legal US citizen?

He or she can be a citizen if both parents are US citizens or if one parent is a citizen who has lived in the United States.

1

What is a naturalized citizen?

Foreign-born people who live in then United States and went through the naturalization process

2

What are the steps to become a naturalized citizen?

Complete an application, a USCIS official talks to the applicant to make sure that the person meets the five requirements, take a citizenship exam, have a special ceremony and take an oath, and sign a document

3

What are some responsibilities and duties of citizens? Name three of each.

Responsibilities: be informed and vote, participate in your community and government, and respect the rights and property of others. duties: obey the law, pay taxes, and attend school.

4

What is the term for a noncitizen that is legally residing in the country?

Alien

5

Discuss the difference in rights between a citizen and a noncitizen. What rights do noncitizens have? What are rights reserved only for citizens?

Citizens can hold jobs, own property, attend public schools, receive other government services, and have the right to be protected by the law. Noncitizens do not. Voting.

6

What is citizenship? Which amendment defines US citizenship? What does it say?

Citizenship is the rights and duties of citizens. The 14th amendment. It states that anyone born or naturalized in the United States is a US citizen.

7

What are the most popular forms of government?

Direct democracy, representative democracy, monarchy, dictatorship, theocracy, oligarchy, and anarchy

8

What's forms are similar? Which are different?

Representative and direct democracy are similar because they are both a form of democracy and monarchy and dictatorship are both a form of autocracy. These are different because autocracy is a form of government in which political power is controlled by one and democracy is when political power is exercised by all citizens.

9

Which forms are authoritarian? What does it mean to be authoritarian?

Dictatorship, monarchy, theocracy, and oligarchy. It means that powers are held by a person or a group not accountable to the people.

10

Which forms are Democratic? What does it mean to be democratic?

Representative democracy and direct democracy. And democratic regimes, the people rule.

11

What does autocratic mean? What are forms of government that are autocratic?

Autocracy is a form of government in which political powers are controlled by one individual. Examples are monarchy and dictatorship.

12

Which form of government has an inherited ruler?

Monarchy

13

Which form of government do we have in the US?

Representative democracy or a republic

14

Who holds the power in our form of government? Which principle is this?

The people. Democracy or popular sovereignty

15

The Mayflower compact was signed by the pilgrims upon their arrival. What was its purpose?

Self-government

16

What ideas came from the Mayflower compact?

It established a direct democracy and colonial America self-government, and anyone in the town could attend and express his or her views.

17

What ideas came from the Magna Carta?

It established the principle of limited government which is the idea that a ruler or government is not all-powerful. Also it protects landholders' rights. Limited monarchy.

18

What ideas came from the English Bill of Rights?

It ended the struggle between Parliament and the Monarch. It changed English government. These new ideas were part of the enlightenment.

19

What ideas came from Thomas Paine's Common Sense?

It supported independence for the colonies and called for the colonist to rebel against the king's violent abuse of power.

20

What ideas from John Locke are evident in the Declaration of Independence?

Wrote the 2 Treatises of Government and wrote that all people were born with certain God-given rights, called natural rights. These included the rights to life, freedom, and to own property. He believed in form of social contract and that people agreed to give up some rights to be ruled by a government but if the ruler failed to protect the rights of the people, they could choose new leaders

21

What ideas from Montesquieu are evident in the U.S. Constitution?

Developed the idea that the power of government should be divided into branches and that no one branch would become too strong and threaten people's rights. Separation of powers and checks and balances

22

How do you know the colonists were upset with British rule? What are some things from history that show you that?

They started the French and Indian war. The series of events in the 1960s caused growing resentment against British rule.

23

What was a document in which colonists declared they were free from British control?

The Declaration of Independence

24

What was America's first Constitution called?

The Articles of Confederation

25

Why did our first constitution not work? Give 2 specific examples.

There was lack of power and money, lack of Central power, and the rules were too rigid. Congress had no power to collect taxes and no single leader or group directed government policy.

26

What were the federalist? Anti-Federalist? What was the difference in thinking between the two groups?

Federalist were those she supported the constitution. Anti-Federalist were those who did not support the Constitution. The Federalist argued that the United States cannot survive without a strong government and anti-Federalist argued that the new constitution would destroy the liberties one by the American revolution and they wanted a Bill of Rights.

27

What was the Great Compromise?

It was a plan that Congress would have two houses – a Senate and House of Representatives and in the Senate each state would have 2 members. This pleased the smaller states. In the house, the number of seats for each state would reflect the states population. This pleased the larger states. The Virginia plan (big states) and the New Jersey plan (small states)