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Flashcards in 5.5 Classification Deck (45):
1

Outline the binomial system of nomenclature

Each species has two names, a noun and an adjective. First name is the genus, which start with an upper-case letter. Second name is the species, written in lower case. When names are written, they must be underlined; when typed they must be in italics.

2

State the seven levels in the hierarchy of taxa

Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

3

State the Kingdom of Humans

Animalia

4

State the Phylum of Humans

Chordata

5

State the Class of Humans

Mammalia

6

State the Order of Humans

Primates

7

State the Family of Humans

Hominidae

8

State the Genus of Humans

Homo

9

State the Species of Humans

H. Sapiens

10

State the Kingdom of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Plantae

11

State the Phylum of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Angiosperms

12

State the Class of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Rosids

13

State the Order of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Myrtales

14

State the Family of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Myrtaceae

15

State the Genus of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus

16

State the Species of Blue Gum Eucalyptus

E. globulus

17

Outline the characteristics of organisms in the Kingdom of Plantae

• They are photosynthetic
• Contain chlorophyll
• Their cells have a cell wall of cellulose
• They contain permanent vacuoles
• They store starch

18

Outline the characteristics of organisms in the Kingdom of Animalia

• They are heterotrophic
• Their cells have no cell walls or cellulose
• There is no chlorophyll in their cells
• They store glycogen

19

State four Phyla in the Kingdom Plantae

Bryophyta, Filicinophyta, Coniferophyta, Angiospermophyta

20

Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Bryophyta

No roots, only structures similar to roots called rhizoids. Simple, non-vascular leaves

21

Outline the reproductive structures of Bryophyta

Spores produced by capsule at end of stalk

22

Give an example of a Bryophyta

Mosses

23

Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Filicinophyta

Roots, short non-woody stem. Large leaves (fronds) that are divided into leaflets.

24

Outline the reproductive structures of Filicinophyta

Spores in sporangia on underside of leaves

25

Give an example of a Filicinophyta

Ferns

26

Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Coniferophyta

Roots, leaves, woody stems. Leaves often narrow with thick waxy cuticle.

27

Outline the reproductive structures of Coniferophyta

Female cones produce seeds. Male cones produce pollen.

28

Give an example of a Coniferophyta

Pines

29

Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Angiospermophyta

Roots, leaves and stems (woody or non-woody). Flowers.

30

Outline the reproductive structures of Angiospermophyta

Seeds found in fruit from ovaries.

31

Give an example of a Angiospermophyta

Eucalyptus; Flowering plants and Grasses

32

Outline the features of Porifera

No clear symmetry. Attached to a surface. Pores through body. No mouth or anus.

33

Give an example of a Porifera

Sponges

34

Outline the features of Cnidaria

Radially symmetric. Tentacles. Stinging cells (nematocysts). Mouth but no anus.

35

Give two examples of Cnidaria

Jellyfish, Sea anemones

36

Outline the features of Platyhemlnthes

Bilaterally symmetric. Flat bodies. Unsegmented. Mouth bus no anus.

37

Give an example of Platyhemlthines

Tapeworms

38

Outline the features of Annelida

Bilaterally symmetric. Bristles often present. Segmented. Mouth and anus.

39

Give an example of Annelida

Earthworms

40

Outline the features of Mollusca

Muscular foot and mantle. Shell usually present. Segmentation (not visible). Mouth and anus.

41

Give two examples of Mollusca

Slugs, snails

42

Outline the features of Arthopoda

Bilaterally symmetric. Exoskeleton. Segmented. Jointed appendages.

43

Give two examples of Arthopoda

Insects, spiders

44

Outline what a dichotomous key is

A dichotomous key is a method of identification whereby a group of organisms are sequentially divided into two categories until all are identified.

45

State 6 phyla in the Kingdom of Animalia

Porifera, Cnidaria, Platyhemlnthes, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda