Flashcards in 5.5 Classification Deck (45):
Outline the binomial system of nomenclature
Each species has two names, a noun and an adjective. First name is the genus, which start with an upper-case letter. Second name is the species, written in lower case. When names are written, they must be underlined; when typed they must be in italics.
State the seven levels in the hierarchy of taxa
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
State the Kingdom of Humans
State the Phylum of Humans
State the Class of Humans
State the Order of Humans
State the Family of Humans
State the Genus of Humans
State the Species of Humans
State the Kingdom of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Phylum of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Class of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Order of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Family of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Genus of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
State the Species of Blue Gum Eucalyptus
Outline the characteristics of organisms in the Kingdom of Plantae
• They are photosynthetic
• Contain chlorophyll
• Their cells have a cell wall of cellulose
• They contain permanent vacuoles
• They store starch
Outline the characteristics of organisms in the Kingdom of Animalia
• They are heterotrophic
• Their cells have no cell walls or cellulose
• There is no chlorophyll in their cells
• They store glycogen
State four Phyla in the Kingdom Plantae
Bryophyta, Filicinophyta, Coniferophyta, Angiospermophyta
Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Bryophyta
No roots, only structures similar to roots called rhizoids. Simple, non-vascular leaves
Outline the reproductive structures of Bryophyta
Spores produced by capsule at end of stalk
Give an example of a Bryophyta
Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Filicinophyta
Roots, short non-woody stem. Large leaves (fronds) that are divided into leaflets.
Outline the reproductive structures of Filicinophyta
Spores in sporangia on underside of leaves
Give an example of a Filicinophyta
Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Coniferophyta
Roots, leaves, woody stems. Leaves often narrow with thick waxy cuticle.
Outline the reproductive structures of Coniferophyta
Female cones produce seeds. Male cones produce pollen.
Give an example of a Coniferophyta
Outline the characteristics of the roots, leaves and stems of Angiospermophyta
Roots, leaves and stems (woody or non-woody). Flowers.
Outline the reproductive structures of Angiospermophyta
Seeds found in fruit from ovaries.
Give an example of a Angiospermophyta
Eucalyptus; Flowering plants and Grasses
Outline the features of Porifera
No clear symmetry. Attached to a surface. Pores through body. No mouth or anus.
Give an example of a Porifera
Outline the features of Cnidaria
Radially symmetric. Tentacles. Stinging cells (nematocysts). Mouth but no anus.
Give two examples of Cnidaria
Jellyfish, Sea anemones
Outline the features of Platyhemlnthes
Bilaterally symmetric. Flat bodies. Unsegmented. Mouth bus no anus.
Give an example of Platyhemlthines
Outline the features of Annelida
Bilaterally symmetric. Bristles often present. Segmented. Mouth and anus.
Give an example of Annelida
Outline the features of Mollusca
Muscular foot and mantle. Shell usually present. Segmentation (not visible). Mouth and anus.
Give two examples of Mollusca
Outline the features of Arthopoda
Bilaterally symmetric. Exoskeleton. Segmented. Jointed appendages.
Give two examples of Arthopoda
Outline what a dichotomous key is
A dichotomous key is a method of identification whereby a group of organisms are sequentially divided into two categories until all are identified.