Flashcards in 7,8,9,10 Deck (104):
Partition that separates the rt and lt chambers.
Initiates electrical impulse.
Blood vessels that develop to provide an alternative route around an obstruction.
Dilating an artery with a balloon.
Most common congenital cardiac defect.
Atrial septal defect.
Congenital narrowing of aorta.
Accumulation of fatty material (plaque)
Chest pain resulting from mild ischemia.
140/90 and above.
The inability of the heart to provide the body with an adequate blood supply.
What causes CHF?
High blood pressure.
Radiographic appearance of CHF?
Enlarged heart (cardiomedley)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
What is pulmonary edema caused by?
Radiography appearance of pulmonary edema?
Overall "congested" appearance of lungs.
Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space.
Radiographic appearance of pleural effusion?
Blunting if the costophrenic angles.
What is an aneurysm?
A localized dilatation of an artery - an abnormal bulging.
The layers of aorta.
Atherosclerosis of the what can lead to a MI?
Atherosclerosis of the what can lead to CVA?
Hardening of the arteries.
What can cause a thrombosis?
Iatrogenic- caused by a physician
A blockage of a blood vessel caused by an object that has migrated from somewhere else in the body.
Most common kind of embolism?
A thrombus from the left ventricle can travel where?
Or other organs.
Two types of embolisms?
An inflammatory disease that can develop 2-3 weeks after certain infections.
Symptoms of rheumatic fever?
Inflamed and painful joints
Rheumatic heart disease can cause damage to?
Mitral and aortic valves.
The damage from rheumatic heart disease can lead to?
The valve does not close properly and blood leaks through when it should be closed.
Accumulation of fluid within the pericardial space.
Where is the pericardial space?
Space between parietal and visceral pericardium.
What is performed to remove fluid from the pericardial space?
Deep venous thrombosis?
Primarily involves the lower extremities.
(Primary source of pulmonary embolism)
DVT is caused by?
Prolonged bed rest
Dilated, tortuous vessels?
Supply's blood to all tissues of the body.
Largest part of the brain.
Deep groove that divides cerebrum into rt/lt hemispheres.
Longitudinal sulcus (fissure)
A food of dura mater that lies within the fissure, changes in its normal position often indicate pathology.
Rt/Lt hemispheres connected by?
Located posterior and under cerebrum.
Portion of the brain that connects the pins and spinal cord at level of the foramen magnum.
Spinal cord extends from where to where?
Brain to L1/L2 disk space.
Pointed at end of spinal cord.
Spinal nerves below the termination of spinal cord?
Cauda equina (horses tail)
Describe the meninges.
An area of the subarachnoid space that is increases in width, located at the base of brain.
Four cerebral spinal fluid containing cavities of the brain.
Right and left ventricles
Third and Fourth ventricles.
An injection into the subarachnoid space.
Does not break apart into ions.
What contrasted is used.
Why is a myelography preformed?
To demonstrate spinal cord compression
Inflammation of the meningitis
What is necessary to determine the cause of meningitis?
Inflammation of the brain?
Abscess encapsulated collection of pus.
How is a brain abscess shown?
As a mass on CT & MRI
Accumulation of pus between dura and arachnid.
Accumulation of pus between skull and dura
Inflammation of the bone.
Radiographic appearance of osteomyelitis.
Multiple, small areas of lucency.
Bleed between skull and dura due to trauma; radiopaque.
Bleed between dura and arachnid due to trauma; radiopaque.
Injury to the brain tissue after trauma to the skull.
Bleed in the brain tissue; radiopaque.
Best modality to see skull fractures?
Air seen in orbital soft tissues indicates?
Fracture of ethmoid.
Opacification of maxillary sinus indicates?
Fracture of the orbital floor.
Any abnormality of the blood vessels to or of the brain?
An area of necrosis in an organ. (Caused by ischemia)
The initial appearance of ischemic stroke is within?
TIA's resolve in?
Radiographic appearance of a hemorrhagic stroke on a cruise scan?
Radiographic appearance of an old hemorrhagic stroke on a cruise scan?
Idiopathic disease that destroys the myelin around the brain tissue.
A fatty layer that surrounds the brain matter.
Areas that are demyelinated are referred to as?
Mild muscular twitching.
Convulsions, foaming at the mouth, loss of control of urine.
Enlargement of the ventricular system as a result of atrophy of surrounding brain tissue.
Progressive atrophy and dementia at an earlier age than normal.
Characterized by involuntary tremor.
Loss of motor function. Leads to paralysis and weakness of respiratory function.
Lou Gehrig's disease.
Dilation of the ventricular system caused by obstruction of flow of CHF.
System that makes blood.
Two tissues that make blood.
Red bone marrow
Where is red bone marrow found?
Heads of longs bones
Flat bones (aka of illium, sternum, scapula, skull, ribs, and vertebrae)
Blood is made of up?
3 types of blood cells
Red blood cells
White blood cells
The system of glands that secrete hormones into the bloodstream.
4 major endocrine glands
Adrenal- top of kidneys
Pituitary- Stella tarcia
Paratyroid- inside thyroid.