Flashcards in Patient Test 2 Deck (99):
What kind of joints are arthorgrams preformed?
Freely moveable, synovial.
Permits sliding of one surface on another.
(Intercarpals and intertarsals)
Flexion/Extension (elbow and knee)
Rotational movement; C1-C2
All movement except rotation; radio septal joint.
1st carpometacarpal joint (trapezium and 1st metacarpal)
Ball and socket joint?
Flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation.
Contrast used for arthrograms?
Water-soluble, iodinated, non-ionic.
Enclosed in a joint capsule.
The muscles and tensions that surround the glenohumeral joint.
What makes the TMJ?
Mandibular condyle of mandible and mandibular fossa of temporal bone.
Radiograph of salivary glands and ducts after contrast is injected.
Maxillary and palatine bones; roof of mouth.
Area under tongue.
Parotid, submandibular, sublingual.
Largest salivary gland?
Salivary gland located along mandibular ramus?
Crestlike ridges under tongue.
Salivary gland located anterior to angle of mandible?
Reasons why to do a procedure.
Inflammation of a salivary gland.
Autoimmune disease that causes dry eyes and dry mouth.
Stenosis of a salivary duct?
Narrowing of a salivary duct.
Calculus within a salivary gland or duct.
Dilation of a salivary duct.
At what level of the body are ovaries located?
Level of ASIS
Fiction of the ovaries?
Produce the ova (egg cells)
Attached the ovaries to uterus.
Womb; houses the fertilized ovum during pregnancy.
Distal part of uterus.
The inner mucosal lining of the uterus.
Receive the ova after they are released by the ovaries?
Radiograph of the female reproductive system after contrast is injected.
Reasons why not to do a procedure.
Position of patient durning an HSG?
Where does contrast spill into when injected into a Fallopian tube?
Pelvic inflammatory disease?
Inflammation of any part of the female reproductive system; usually caused by an STD.
Inflammation of the double walked membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.
Fluid filled tumors within ovary.
Benign tumor within the uterus.
Uterine fibroid embolization.
Transcatheter procedure to occlude the uterine artery to cause ischemia to a fibroid.
Endometrial tissue grows in a place other than the uterus.
Cancer of the cervix.
A fertilized egg (ovum) that has implanted in the Fallopian tubes instead of the uterus.
To demonstrate a fistula between the vagina and rectum.
Intrauterine device (IUD)?
Contraceptive device (inserted into uterus by physician)!
Central nervous system?
Brain and spinal cord.
Cerebrum, Cerebellum, Brainstem.
Midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata.
Largest structure of the brain.
Elevations of brain tissue.
Grooves within the brain tissue.
Longitudinal sulcus (fissure)?
Deep grooves that divides cerebrum info right and left hemispheres.
A fold of dura mater that lies within the longitudinal sulcus.
Nerve fibers that connect the right and left hemispheres of cerebrum.
Portion of the Brainstem that connects the pond and spinal cord, at the level of the foramen magnum.
Where does the spinal cord terminate?
L1/L2 disk space.
Inferior tip of the spinal cord.
Coverings of the brain and spinal cord.
Space between bone and dura mater.
Space between the dura mater and arachnoid.
Space between arachnoid and pus mater; contains CSF; communicates with the ventricles of brain.
An area of the subarachnoid space that is increased in width; located at the base of the brain.
Inner meninge; highly vascular.
Ventricles of the brain?
Chambers within the brain that contain CSF.
Where is the needle inserted for a myelogram?
L2/L3 or L3/L4.
Type of contrast used for a myelogram?
Water soluble, non-ionic, iodinated.
Radiograph of the spinal canal after contrast has been injected. M
Bone cement injected into a vertebral body to treat compression fracture.
Transjugular intrahepatic portsystemic shunt.
Placing a stent to shunt blood from the portal vein to the hepatic vein.
Blood from the digestive organs drains into the portal vein, then enters the liver, then the hepatic vein, then inferior vena cava.
Alternative routes that the body creates to allow blood flow.
Varicose (dilated) veins of the esophagus.
Vein located in the neck, drains blood from the brain.
Radiograph of a joint space after contrast is injected.
When should you scheduled a Hysterosalpingography?
10 days after onset of menstruation.
Why is a HSG preformed?
To determine if there is a structural cause of infertility.
The cervix only allows what?
Passage of fluids.
What are contraindications?
Are ovaries attached to the Fallopian tubes?
What does a Pap smear test for?
Sharon's chart for meninges?
Cauda Equina? (Horse's tail)
Spinal nerves below the termination of the spinal cord.
High blood pressure in portal vein.
What are the 4 CSF containing cavities in the brain?
If contrast is moved into cervical area what must you do?
Position head in acute extension; this compresses the cistern magna to prevent contrast from entering the ventricles in the brain.
Why is a myelography preformed?
To demonstrate spinal cord compression caused by:
Spinal cord swelling.