Test 1 Patient Care Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Test 1 Patient Care Deck (49):
1

What are veins?

Carries deoxygenated blood to the heart ( except the pulmonary vein, carries oxygenated blood)

2

Which has a pulse, arteries or veins?

Arteries

3

Which has valves, arteries or veins?

Veins

4

What is systemic circulation?

From the heart, to the rest of the body, back to the heart.

5

What is pulmonary circulation?

From the heart, to the lungs, back to the heart.

6

What is systole?

Contraction of the heart?

7

What is diastole?

Relaxation of the heart.

8

What is an angiogram?

Radiograph of blood vessels after contrast is injected.

9

What is an arteriogram?

Radiography of an artery after contrast is injected.

10

What is a venogram?

Radiograph of a vein after contrast is injected.

11

What is a lumen?

The inside space of a tubular structure.

12

The first branches off the aorta are what called what?

Lt and Rt coronary arteries.

13

What is a septum?

A wall of tissue that separates the right and left sides of the heart.

14

Which side of the heart carries deoxygenated blood?

Right side of heart.

15

Which side of the heart carries oxygenated blood?

Left side of heart.

16

What is the endocardium?

The inner layer of the heart.

17

What is the myocardium?

The muscle layer of the heart.

18

What is the epicardium?

Outer layer of the heart.

19

What is the pericardium?

Double membrane sac that surrounds the heart.

20

What 3 things make up the celiac trunk?

Left gastric
Splenic
Hepatic

21

Which vessels will be demonstrated on an AP projection of the aorta?

Renal.

22

Which vessels will be demonstrated on lateral projection of the aorta.

Celiac, super and inferior mesenteric.

23

What is peripheral angiography?

Demonstration of the circulation of the upper and lower extremities.

24

What artery supplies blood to the pelvic area?

Internal iliac.

25

What arteries receive blood from the upper and lower parts of the body?

Superior and inferior vena cava.

26

What is the portal vein?

A large vein that collects all the venous blood from the stomach, intestines, spleen, and pancreas and delivers it to the liver.

27

The liver has 2 blood supplies, name them.

Hepatic artery - oxygenated blood
Portal vein - deoxygenated blood

28

All blood goes where to be cleaned?

The liver then to the hepatic vein into the inferior vena cava.

29

What is stenosis?

Narrowing.

30

What is an occlusion?

Blockage.

31

What is atherosclerosis?

Accumulation of plaque.

32

What is a lesion?

Plaque and the cap that forms over the plaque.

33

What is thrombogentic?

Highly prone to forming a thrombus (blood clot).

34

What does PAD stand for?

Peripheral arterial disease.

35

What is a claudication?

Cramp-like pain in the legs due to PAD.

36

What is an Embolism?

Something travels from its original location to an artery and occludes it.

37

What is a Pulmonary Embolism?

A blood clot in the pulmonary arteries.

38

What is an aneurysm?

An abnormal bulging.

39

What does AAA stand for?

Abdominal aortic aneurysm.

40

What is dissection?

Separation of the layers of a blood vessel.

41

What is a stroke?

An interruption in blood supply to the brain.

42

What does CVA stand for?

Cerebral Vascular Accident. (Stroke)

43

What does TIA stand for?

Transient Ischemic Attack (mini stroke, resolves in 24 hours)

44

What is a Ischemic Stroke?

A cerebral artery becomes occluded. (Blockage)

45

What is a Hemorrhagic Stroke?

A cerebral artery ruptures (bleeding) Bad!!

46

What is Aortic Valve Stenosis?

Stenosis of the aortic valve.

47

What does AVM stand for?

Arteriorvenous Malformation (congenital at birth)

48

What are arteries?

Carries oxygenated blood away from the heart (except the pulmonary artery, carries deoxygenated blood)

49

Name the 3 layers of blood vessels.

Intima
Muscular media
Adventitia