7- Skill acquisition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 7- Skill acquisition Deck (12):
1

Describe a skill

They have an objective, they are learnt, they should be aesthetically pleasing, they are the use of a technique at the right place and time, they are regularly successful

2

Describe an ability

Inherited traits that determine a person's potential to acquire skills. Like balance, coordination, agility and reaction time.

3

What is motor ability?

A series of genetically inherited traits that determine an individuals coordination, agility, balance and reaction time.

4

What is perceptual ability?

the ability to take in, recognise and understand information

5

What is cognitive skill?

Choosing actions, decision making, problem solving and reasoning based of past experiences. Cognitive skills gets better with experience.

6

What is perceptual skill?

How well we select, organise, recognise information that we have gained from our senses.
Selecting, interpreting and making sense of the information from our senses.

7

What is psychomotor skill?

The movement decided upon and controlled by the brain.

8

Whats the difference between an open and closed skill?

Open are affected by the environment, (eg pitch, opponents, teammates flight of ball) requires a high level of cognitive skill and perceptual skill. Typically externally paced EG) invasion games/netball/cricket

Closed are not affected by the environment, its stable and unchanging. Requires a low level of cognitive skill and perceptual skill. Little decision making. Typically self paced EG) Gymnastics

9

Whats the difference between an externally paced and self paced skill?

Externally - rate of movement if controlled by external factors. EG opponents

Self - The rate of movement if controlled by the performer EG) in Gymnastics, the speed to a rotation

10

Whats the difference between a gross and fine skill?

Gross - Major muscle groups are used in the movement. Associated with strength and power, require little control, EG) kicking/ throwing/ shot-put/ long jump

Fine - Intricate small movements, associated with accuracy and precision. Requires good hand-eye coordination. EG) badminton drop shot

11

Describe the discrete-serial-continuous continuum

Discrete - A single specific skill, often short and brief. Has a clear end point. EG) Basketball free throw

Serial - A number of discrete skills linked together. The first movement then triggers the next. EG) Gymnastics routine/ triple jump.

Continuous - The movement is ongoing, the pattern in continuously repeated. Np clear beginning or end . EG) running/swimming/cycling

12

What are the different skill continuums?

Open-Closed
Fine - Gross
Self paced - Externally Paced
Discrete - Serial - Continuous