Ab viscera II (Liver and Pancreas) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ab viscera II (Liver and Pancreas) Deck (28):
0

the liver is an _____peritoneal organ

intraperitoneal

1

what are the 5 fluids in the liver?

arterial blood, portal blood, venous blood, bile, lymph

2

the liver is bordered by the:

subphrenic space, hepatorenal recess, bare area (posterior)

3

what attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall?

the falciform ligament

4

what's at the bottom of the falciform ligament?

the round ligament of the liver

5

what lobe is between the ligamentum teres and the gallbladder?

quadrate lobe

6

what lobe is between the IVC and the ligamentum venosum?

caudate lobe

7

on a CT scan, the gall bladder appears ____

darker because it is filled with liquid

8

the liver has ____ segments which each has it's own ____

9, 5 fluid connections

9

the ____ artery splits the liver into two sides

hepatic

10

the ______ encloses the portal triad

hepatoduodenal ligament

11

disease in the liver can lead to _____ hypertension

portal

12

the portal vein is fed by the ______

superior and inferior mesenteric veins and the splenic vein

13

what anastomoses can accommodate blood in portal hypertension?

1. tributaries of the left gastric to the azygos system 2. retroperitoneal area- colic veins with lumbar veins 3. superior rectal veins with the middle and inferior rectal veins 4. umbilicus veins and iliac veins 5. phrenic veins

14

esophageal varices

Dilated submucosal veins due to portal hypertension and shunting of blood from the portal to systemic venous system. If they start bleeding, there is a high risk of mortality

15

caput medusa

Result of portal hypertension - dilation of abdominal veins. Increased pressure causing dilation of collateral veins radiating over abdomen

16

ERCP

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreotography. Come from the esophagus and inject contrast material in a retrograde fashion

17

a complication of gallstones is:

fistulas forming between other organs

18

the gallbladder gives referred pain to the ____, or if it irritates the diaphragm, the ___

epigastric area, right shoulder

19

the pancreas is primarily a _____ organ, except for the head, which is ____

retroperitoneal, intraperitoneal

20

the superior mesenteric artery and vein travel in back of the ____ of the pancreas, and in front of the ____ of the pancreas

neck, uncinate process

21

the ____ pancreatic duct merges with the common bile duct

main

22

the pancreas gets blood from the _____

superior mesenteric and the celiac trunk

23

pancreatitis is caused by ____

alcoholism and gall stones

24

what are the two ligaments that connect to the spleen?

gastrosplenic ligament, splenorenal ligament

25

the gastrosplenic ligament has the _____ in it

left gastroepiploic and short gastric arteries

26

the splenorenal ligament has the _____ in it

splenic artery

27

if the spleen is penetrated, you should check the ____ for a _____

pleura, pneumothorax