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Flashcards in •Abdominal Viscera I Deck (40):
0

in the thoracic area, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____, which get branches from the ___ and ____

posterior intercostal arteries, abdominal aorta, right bronchial artery

1

in the neck area, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____, a branch of the ____, that comes from the _____

inferior thyroid artery, thyrocervical trunk, subclavian

2

in the abdomen, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____ and the _____

left gastric, inferior phrenic

3

in the thorax area, the venous supply goes to the ____

azygos system

4

in the abdomen, the venous supply goes to the ____

short gastric, left gastric

5

point where the esophagus joins the stomach

cardia

6

most superior part of the stomach

fundus

7

the right and left gastric arteries run along the ____

lesser omentum

8

the right and left gastro-omental arteries run along the _____

greater omentum

9

where is the trans-pyloric plane?

L1

10

the 1st part of the duodenum is at _____

L1

11

most of the duodenum is a ____-peritoneal organ

retro

12

the 2nd part of the duodenum is at ___

the head of the pancreas, immediately anterior to the right kidney

13

the 4th part of the duodenum is attached to the ____

posterior wall

14

how can you tell the jejunum from the ileum?

1. walls of the jejunum are thicker 2. jejunum has plicae circulares, while ileum is mostly smooth 3. ileum has lymphatic organs called Peyer's patches 4. jejunum has shorter arcades but longer vasa rectae 5. the mesentery fat comes all the way up to the ileum on both sides

15

an ileal conduit (temporary urinary bladder) can be made from the ____

ileum

16

the lines that run through the middle of the large intestine, and start at the base of the appendix:

teniae coli

17

pieces of fat that stick out from the large intestine:

omental appendices

18

folds in the large intestine:

haustra

19

foregut ends at:

the middle of the second part of the duodenum

20

the midgut ends at:

2/3rd of the transverse colon

21

the blood supply to the foregut is from the ____

celiac trunk

22

the blood supply to the midgut is from the ____

superior mesenteric artery

23

the blood supply to the hindgut is from the ____

inferior mesenteric artery

24

what branches off the celiac trunk?

the left gastric artery, splenic artery, common hepatic artery

25

lymphatic drainage follows the _____

arterial supply

26

what sympathetic nerves innervate the fore and mid gut?

greater, lesser, least splanchnic nerves

27

what sympathetic nerves innervate the hindgut?

lumbar splanchnic nerves

28

what parasympathetic nerves innervate the fore and mid gut?

vagal trunks

29

what parasympathetic nerves innervate the hind gut?

pelvic splanchnic nerves

30

in contrast to the sympathetic nervous system, in the parasympathetics, the nerves _____

pass through the pre-aortic ganglion and synapse at the end organ

31

T5-T9 (foregut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve

epigastric area, greater splanchnic nerve

32

T10-T11 (midgut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve

umbilical area, lesser splanchnic nerve

33

L1-L2 (hindgut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve

suprapubic area, lumbar splanchnic nerve

34

rule of 2's, Meckel's diverticulum:

found in 2% of population 2x more common in males 2 inches long 2 feet from the ileocecal junction contains one of two ectopic tissues (gastric or pancreatic) mostly diagnosed in the first 2 years of life

35

a bullet wound through the 2nd part of the duodenum is likely to damage what?

right kidney (but also the head of the pancreas)

36

artery to transverse colon?

middle colic

37

artery to ascending colon?

right colic

38

artery to cecum?

ileocolic

39

the portal vein is formed from:

the splenic vein and the superior and inferior mesenteric veins