in the thoracic area, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____, which get branches from the ___ and ____
posterior intercostal arteries, abdominal aorta, right bronchial artery
in the neck area, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____, a branch of the ____, that comes from the _____
inferior thyroid artery, thyrocervical trunk, subclavian
in the abdomen, the blood supply to the esophagus comes from the ____ and the _____
left gastric, inferior phrenic
in the thorax area, the venous supply goes to the ____
in the abdomen, the venous supply goes to the ____
short gastric, left gastric
point where the esophagus joins the stomach
most superior part of the stomach
the right and left gastric arteries run along the ____
the right and left gastro-omental arteries run along the _____
where is the trans-pyloric plane?
the 1st part of the duodenum is at _____
most of the duodenum is a ____-peritoneal organ
the 2nd part of the duodenum is at ___
the head of the pancreas, immediately anterior to the right kidney
the 4th part of the duodenum is attached to the ____
how can you tell the jejunum from the ileum?
1. walls of the jejunum are thicker 2. jejunum has plicae circulares, while ileum is mostly smooth 3. ileum has lymphatic organs called Peyer's patches 4. jejunum has shorter arcades but longer vasa rectae 5. the mesentery fat comes all the way up to the ileum on both sides
an ileal conduit (temporary urinary bladder) can be made from the ____
the lines that run through the middle of the large intestine, and start at the base of the appendix:
pieces of fat that stick out from the large intestine:
folds in the large intestine:
foregut ends at:
the middle of the second part of the duodenum
the midgut ends at:
2/3rd of the transverse colon
the blood supply to the foregut is from the ____
the blood supply to the midgut is from the ____
superior mesenteric artery
the blood supply to the hindgut is from the ____
inferior mesenteric artery
what branches off the celiac trunk?
the left gastric artery, splenic artery, common hepatic artery
lymphatic drainage follows the _____
what sympathetic nerves innervate the fore and mid gut?
greater, lesser, least splanchnic nerves
what sympathetic nerves innervate the hindgut?
lumbar splanchnic nerves
what parasympathetic nerves innervate the fore and mid gut?
what parasympathetic nerves innervate the hind gut?
pelvic splanchnic nerves
in contrast to the sympathetic nervous system, in the parasympathetics, the nerves _____
pass through the pre-aortic ganglion and synapse at the end organ
T5-T9 (foregut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve
epigastric area, greater splanchnic nerve
T10-T11 (midgut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve
umbilical area, lesser splanchnic nerve
L1-L2 (hindgut) pain will be referred to the ____ from the ___ nerve
suprapubic area, lumbar splanchnic nerve
rule of 2's, Meckel's diverticulum:
found in 2% of population 2x more common in males 2 inches long 2 feet from the ileocecal junction contains one of two ectopic tissues (gastric or pancreatic) mostly diagnosed in the first 2 years of life
a bullet wound through the 2nd part of the duodenum is likely to damage what?
right kidney (but also the head of the pancreas)
artery to transverse colon?
artery to ascending colon?
artery to cecum?
the portal vein is formed from:
the splenic vein and the superior and inferior mesenteric veins