Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Abdomen Deck (67):
1

External oblique muscle orientation

obliquely downward and medially

2

Internal oblique muscle orientation

upward and medial

3

conjoint tendon

aponeurotic fibers of internal oblique and trnsversus abdominis

4

function of pyramidalis muscle

tenses linea alba

5

It is a cresentic border on the posterior wall; midway between umbilicus and pubic crest

arcuate line

6

Contents of rectus sheath (5)

1. rectus abdominis
2. pyramidilis
3. superior epigastric vessels
4. inferior epigastric vessels
5. lower 5 intercostal and subcostal vessels and nerves

7

Blood supply of abdomen

1. superior epigastric vessels
2. inferior epigastric vessels
3. deep circumflex iliac

8

Venous drainage of abdomen

1. superior epigastric vein
2. inferior epigastric vein
3. deep circumflex iliac vein

9

Nerve supply of abdomen

ventral rami of the lower 6 thoracic nerves and first lumbar nerve

10

Hesselbach's triangle boundaries

1. superior and lateral - inferior epigastric artery
2. inferior and lateral - inguinal ligament/poupart's ligament
3. medial - rectus abdominis

11

Nerve that cause numbness on the skin after herniorrhaphy

ilioinguinal nerve

12

Boundaries of inguinal canal

anter - external oblique muscle aponeurosis
post - transversalis fascia and conjoint tendon
sup - inferior oblique and transversus abdominis
inferior - inguinal ligament

13

A hernia that is lateral to the inferior epigastric vessels

Indirect Inguinal Hernia

14

A hernia that is mediall to the inferior epigastric vessels

Direct Inguinal Hernia

15

A hernia covered by peritoneum and layers of spermatic cord

Indirect Inguinal Hernia

16

A hernia covered by exxternal spermatic fascia

Direct Inguinal Hernia

17

Derivative of skin

skin

18

Derivative of external oblique

external spermatic fascia

19

Derivative of internal oblique

cremasteric muscle

20

Derivative of transversalis fascia

interna spermatic fascia

21

Derivative of transversus abdominis

none

22

Derivative of extreperitoneal fat

none

23

Derivative of peritoneum

tunica vaginalis

24

Cremasteric Reflex

sensory and motor fibers in ventral rami of L1

25

What nerve is stimulated in cremasteric refflex

sensory fiber of ilioinguinal nerve
motor fiber of genitofemoral nerve

26

What are the peritoneal organs

1. esophagus
2. stomach
3. 1st part of duodenum
4. ileum
5 cecum and appendix
6. transverese colon
7. sigmoid colon
8. superior rectum
9 liver, biliary tree
10. spleen

27

what are the Retroperitoneal organs

1. kidney
2. ureter
3. urinary bladder
4. uterus
5. fallopian tube
6. aorta
7. IVC
8 suprarenal glands
9. 2nd to 4th duodenum
10. pancreas
11. ascending colon
12. descending colon
13. middle rectum

28

.What is the extraperitoneal organ

1. inferior rectum

29

a communication between the greater and lesser sac

foramen of winslow

30

boundaries of foramen of winslow

ant - hepatoduodenal ligament; portal triad
post - IVC
inferior - superior part of duodenum
superior - caudate lobe of liver

31

These are extensions of the visceral peritoneum

peritoneal reflections

32

abdominal policeman

greater omentum

33

parts of greater omentum

1. gastrophrenic
2. gastrosplenic
3. gastrocolic

34

parts of lesser omentum

1. hepatogastric
2. hepatoduodenal

35

what is clamped during a pringle's maneuver

hepatoduodenal ligament

36

What are the contents of hepatoduodenal ligament

1. hepatic artery lying anterior and left
2. common bileduct lying anterior and right
3. portal vein lying posterior

37

Anterior unpaired branches of abdominal aorta

1. celiac trunk
2. superior mesenteric
3. inferior mesenteric

38

Anterior paired branches of the abdominal aorta

1. suprarenal
2. renal
3. gonadal

39

Lateral paired branches of abdominal aorta

1. inferior phrenic
2. lumbar

40

terminal branches of abdominal aorta

1. comon iliac
2. median sacral (unpaired/posterior)

41

Branches of the celiac artery

1. left gastric
2. splenic
a. left gastroepiploic
b. short gastric
3.hepatic
a. right gastric
b. right and left hepatic
c. gastroduodenal
>right gastroepiploic
>superior pancreaticoduodenal

42

Where is celiac artery in relation to vertebral column

T12

43

where is the superior mesenteric artery in relation to vertebral column

L1

44

What are the branches of the superior mesenteric artery

1. inferior pancreaticoduodenal
2. middle colic
3. right colic
4. ileo colic
5. jejunal ileal

45

What are the branches of the inferior mesenteric artery

1. left colic
2. sigmoid
3. superior rectal

46

Where is the inferior mesenteric artery in relation to the vertebral column

L3

47

Supply of Foregut

Celiac Trunk

48

Supply of Midgut

Superior mesenteric artery

49

Supply of hindgut

Inferior mesenteric artery

50

endodermal origin of duodenum

2nd part
proximal - foregut
distal - midgut

51

endordermal origin of transverse colon

upper 2/3 - midgut
lower 1/3 - hind gut

52

endodermal/ectodermal origin of anal canal

upper part - hind gut
lower part - protoderm - ectoderm

53

anterior visceral branch of IVC

1. right hepatic
2. left hepatic

54

Lateral viscerl branch of IVC

1. right suprarenal
2. right and left renal
3. right gonadal

55

Lateral abdominal branch of IVC

1. inferior phrenic
2. lumbar

56

Veins of origin of IVC

1. right and left common iliac
2. median sacral

57

Origin of portal vein

1. superior mesenteric vein
2. splenic vein

58

Tributaries of portal vein

1. left gastric vein
2. right gastric vein
3. cystic vein
4. posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal vein

59

Drainage of right and left hepatic veins

IVC

60

drainage of right gonadal and right suprarenal vein

IVC

61

drainage of left gonadal and left suprarenal vein

left renal vein

62

drainage of right gastroepiploic vein

SMV

63

drainage of left gastroepiploic vein

splenic vein

64

drainage of right colic vein

SMV

65

drainage of left colic vein

IMV

66

Portal Venous System Tributaries

1. suerior mesenteric vein
2. splenic vein
3. inferior mesenteric vein
4. left gastric vein
5. para umbilical vein

67

Collateral branches if portal venous system is blocked

1. esophageal branch of left gastric to esophageal of azygous
2. superior rectal to middle and inferior rectal
3. paraumbilical to superficial veins of anterior abdominal wall
4. colic veins to retroperitoneal veins