Kidney, Ureter, Bladder Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Kidney, Ureter, Bladder > Flashcards

Flashcards in Kidney, Ureter, Bladder Deck (35):
1

Location of the kidney

T12 - L3

2

3 coverings of the kidney

1. perirenal fat
2. renal fascia/gerota
3. pararenal fat

3

3 structures that enter the renal hilum

1. renal vein - anterior
2. renal artery
3. renal pelvis - posterior

4

Landmarks of Left kidney

superior pole - 11th rib
hilum - L1
inferior pole - L3

5

Landmark of Right kidney

hilum - L1 and L2

6

Blood supply of kidney

renal artery from aorta L2

7

venous supply of kidney

renal vein from IVC

8

nerve supply of kidney

renal sympathetic plexus

9

lymph drainage of kidney

lateral aortic lymph nodes

10

Renal transplant

1. renal artery anastomosed to internal iliac artery
2. renal vein anastomosed to external iliac vein

11

Weight of adrenal gland

4 grams

12

characteristic of right adrenal gland

triangular in shape

anteromedial - IVC
anterolateral - liver
posterior - diaphragm

13

characteristic of left adrenal gland

crescent in shape

anterior - stomach, splleen, pancreas
posterior - diaphragm

14

embryonic origin of adrenal gland

1. cortex - mesoderm
2. medulla - neural crest

15

blood supply of adrenal medulla

1. superior from inferio phrenic artery
2. middle from abdominal aorta
3. inferior from renal artery

16

venous drainage of adrenal medulla

1. right adrenal vein drains to IVC
2. left adrenal vein drains to left renal vein to IVC

17

areas of ureteric constrictions

1. renal pelvis joins the ureter
2. crosses the pelvic brim and external iliac artery
3. pierces the bladdder wall

18

blood supply of ureter

1. upper - renal artery
2. middle - gonadal artery
3. lower - superior vesical artery

19

lymph node drainage of ureter

1. lateral aortic
2. iliac nodes

20

nerve supply of ureter

1. renal plexus
2. testicular/ovarian plexus
3. hypogastric plexus

21

Dermatome level of Renal Colic

T11 - L2

22

blood supply of the urinary bladder

1. superior vesical
2. inferior vesical from internal iliac

23

venous drainage of urinary bladder

venous plexus to internal iliac

24

false ligaments of the urinary bladder

1. medial umbilical ligament
2. median umbilical ligament

25

true ligaments of the urinary bladder

1. pubovesical/ puboprostatic
2. recto vesical

26

nerve supply of the urinary bladder

1. smypathetic - upper lumbar nerves through hypogastric plexus
2. parasympathetic - pelvic splanchnic S2 - S4

27

Lymph node drainage of urinary bladdder

internal and external iliac nodes

28

function of parasympathetic nerve of urinary bladder

contraction of detrussor muscle and relaxes the sphincter vesicae
emptying of urinary bladder

29

function of sympathetic nerve of urinary bladder

inhibit contraction of detrussor muscle
stimulate closure of sphincter vesicae

30

What are the outcomes of URETERIC BUD/ METANEPHRIC DIVERTICULUM OR DUCT

1. ureter
2. renal pelvis
3. renal calices
4. collecting tubules

31

What are the outcomes of METANEPHRIC TUBULES

1. nephron

32

Divisions of urogenital sinus

1. cranial vesical part
2. middle pelvic part
3. caudal phallic part

33

Fate of Vesical part of urogenital sinus

urinary bladder

34

Fate of pelvic part of urogenital sinus

urethra in the bladder neck
prostatic and membranous parts in males and entire part in females plus lower part of vagina

35

fate of phallic part of urogenital sinus

genital tubercle