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Flashcards in Thorax Deck (32):
1

True ribs/ vertebrosternal

1st to 7th rib

2

False Ribs/ vertebrochondral

8th to 12th rib

3

False ribs proper

8th to 10th

4

Floating Ribs

11th - 12th

5

Body of Thoracic Vertebra

Head of the Ribs

6

Transverse Process of Thoracic Vertebra

Tubercle of the Ribs (same number)

7

Superior Articular Facet of Rib

Higher level of body of vertebra

8

Inferior Articular Facet of Rib

Same level of the body of vertebra

9

Typical Ribs

3rd to 9th

10

Atypical Ribs

1st, 2nd, 10th, 11th, 12th

11

Broadest rib and Most Curved

Rib 1

12

Prominent Scalene Tubercle for attachent of scalenus anterior muscle

Rib 1

13

Thinner, less curved, longer rib

Rib 2

14

Tuberosity for serratus anterior

Rib 2

15

articulates with T10 vertebra only

Rib 10

16

Short, Have single facet on their heads
No neck or tubercle

Rib 11 and 12

17

Weakest point of the rib

anterior to the angle of the rib

18

Most commonly fractured ribs

Rib 7 to 10

19

Boundaries of Thoracic Inlet

Post - 1st thoracic vertebra
Lat - medial border of 1st rib
Ant - manubrium sternum

20

Vertical diameter on inspiration

increases as diaphragm moves down

21

vertical diameter on expiration

decreases as diaphragm moves up

22

Muscles that depress the ribs
Muscles for expiration

1. serratus posterior inferior
2. internal intercostal
3. trasverse thoracis

23

Muscles that elevate the ribs
Muscles for inspiration

1. serratus posterior superior
2. levator costarum
3. external intercostal
4. innermost intercostal
5. subcostal

24

Angle of louie

Lower border of T4
Upper border of T5

25

Contents of Superior Mediastinum ( 13)

1. thymus gland
2. superior vena cava
3. brachiocephalic artery and vein
4. left common carotid artery
5. left subclavian artery
6. arch of aorta
7. phrenic and vagus nerves
8. trachea
9. esophagus
10. thoracic duct
11. left recurrent laryngeal nerve
12. lymph nodes
13. sympathetic trunks

26

Contents of Anterior Mediastinum (4)

1. Thymus Gland
2. Sternopericardial Ligament
3. Internal thoracic artery and branches
4. lymph nodes

27

Contents of Middle Mediastinum (6)

1. heart and ascending aorta
2. percardium
3. roots of great blood vessels
4,, phrenic nerv
5. main bronchi
6. lymph nodes

28

Contents of Posterior Mediastinum (8)

1. descending thoracic aorta
2. esophagus
3. thoracic duct
4. azygous vein
5. hemi azygous vein
6. vagus nerve
7. sympathetic trunk
8. lymph nodes

29

Improper development of the 3rd and 4th pharyngeal pouch

Di george syndrome
1. no thymus
2. no parthyroid gland

30

Location of pericardiu

Anterior to T5 - T8
Posterior to body of sternum and 2nd to 6th costal cartilage

31

Where is the needle inserted in a pericardiocentesis

left xiphocostal angle

32

Layers in doing pericardiocentesis

Skin
Fascia
Rectus Sheath
Rectus Abdominis
Fibrous Layery
Parietal layer of Serous Pericardium
Pericardial Fluid
Serous layer of Serous Pericardium